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Filles a Marier (Marriageable Young Girls) (1634-1662) Quebec New France

When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home.

Source: weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier

Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Ozanne ACHON (18 July 1633, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 24 December 1707, L'Ange-Gardien, Montmorency, Québec, Canada)

Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Etiennette ALTON (13 November 1638, Angers, France - 19 December 1722, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul))
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Marie ARMAND (1636, Rouen, France - , , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) (28 March 1632, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 26 August 1700, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul))

Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Marguerite AUBERT (1625, , France - 22 April 1693, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport))
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Marguerite BANSE (1615, , France - , )
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Suzanne BARBOT (BARBEAU) (1620, , France - 25 November 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Gabrielle BARRÉ (1639, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 4 July 1688, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Fille a Marier  female ancestor  Madeleine BEAUDOIN (13 January 1639, , France - 13 November 1706, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers))
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