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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Françoise  CAPEL

  (b. abt. 1626, France   d. 20 April 1699Champlain, Canada, New France )  
Summary: Françoise CAPEL was born abt. 1626 in , France. Françoise CAPEL was the child of

Françoise was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1651.

She married  Jean TURCOT (TURCOTTE) 25 April 1651 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Jean TURCOT (TURCOTTE)  was born abt. 1629 in , France .  He died 19 August 1652 in , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) . 

She married  (2) Jacques LUCAS dit LEPINE 9 November 1653 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 2 children. Jacques LUCAS dit LEPINE  was born abt. 1630 in , France .  He died 12 September 1659 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada . 

She married  (3) Jacques MARCHAND 1 February 1660 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Jacques MARCHAND  was born abt. 1636 in , France .  He died 6 October 1695 in Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (Saint-François-Xavier) . 

Françoise CAPEL died 20 April 1699 in Champlain, Canada, New France .
Notes:
daughter of Julien Capel and Laurence Lecompte


Details of the life of Françoise appear below.
About Francoise
Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart for Francoise
Family Group Record Family Group Record for Francoise
Inventions Inventions during the lifetime of Francoise
Research Francoise
Research Research Francoise on familysearch.org
Did You Know? Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know? Quebec - Did you know? Around 1825, La Cuisinière Bourgeoise, was written as a guide for those employed in the service of middle class households. This volume was one of the first in Canada to address the subject in a comprehensive manner. It includes information on basic foods such as meats, eggs and vegetables and provides extensive details on their preparation.

www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation) - Église de Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation, est. 1684
989, rue Notre-Dame, Champlain, QUÉBEC
Source: Google maps
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)
Église de Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation, est.... Read MORE...
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation) - Villa de Champlain, Champlain, Quebec
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)
Villa de Champlain, Champlain, Quebec
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation) - Comptoir arisanal
Champlain, P.Q.
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)
Comptoir arisanal
Champlain, P.Q.
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation) - Manoir Antic, Champlain, P.Q.
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)
Manoir Antic, Champlain, P.Q.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

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Françoise CAPEL married immigrant flag Jean TURCOT (TURCOTTE)-- Date: 25 April 1651 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France


Children:
flag Jacques TURCOT (TURCOTTE) (b.4 September 1652, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 6 April 1699, Champlain, Canada, New France )


Françoise CAPEL married immigrant flag Jacques LUCAS dit LEPINE-- Date: 9 November 1653 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France


Children:
flag Marie LUCAS (b.22 January 1655, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 29 November 1700, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France )

flag François LUCAS dit DONTIGNY (b.24 February 1658, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 15 March 1699, Champlain, Canada, New France )


Françoise CAPEL married immigrant flag Jacques MARCHAND-- Date: 1 February 1660 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France


Children:
flag Marie-Madeleine MARCHAND (b.12 December 1660, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 15 December 1722, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Françoise MARCHAND (b.1663, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 17 February 1740, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France )

flag Alexis MARCHAND (b.abt. 1666, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France   d. 31 May 1738, Batiscan, Canada, New France )


Events, Pictures and Documents Related to the Lifetime of Françoise CAPEL

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Canada In 1627, there were fewer than one hundred Europeans living in Québec.
That year the Compagnie des Cent-Associés was created by Cardinal Richelieu to capitalize on the...Read MORE...


Canada 1627 - The Company of One Hundred Associates (a.k.a. the Company of New France) is given a fur monopoly and title to all lands claimed by New France (April 29). In exchange, they are to establish a French colony of 4000 by 1643, which they fail to do

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1629-1631: Quebec is in English hands, and most settlers return to France.
The adventurer David Kirke takes Québec for Britain (July 19, 1629).
fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1632 - The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye enables France to regain possession of Canada.


Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)

Canada 1634-40 - The Huron nation is reduced by half from European diseases (smallpox epidemic, 1639).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars
Also known as the Beaver Wars.

Encouraged and armed by their Dutch and English trading partners, ...Read MORE...


Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Unlike the other Filles A Marier, Francoise was not under contract to a future husband, but to the Church; and arrived in the small French Colony in 1650 to begin training with the Ursuline Sisters, in hopes of becoming a nun.
However, an event would take place that may have helped her to change her mind. On December 30,...Read MORE...


1651 Marriage / Partner
Françoise CAPEL and Jean TURCOT (TURCOTTE) 25 April 1651, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
1652 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jean TURCOT (TURCOTTE) died 19 August 1652, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)
1652 Birth of Child
Jacques TURCOT (TURCOTTE) was born 4 September 1652, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
1653 Marriage / Partner
Françoise CAPEL and Jacques LUCAS dit LEPINE 9 November 1653, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
1655 Birth of Child
Marie LUCAS was born 22 January 1655, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
1658 Birth of Child
François LUCAS dit DONTIGNY was born 24 February 1658, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.


1659 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jacques LUCAS dit LEPINE died 12 September 1659, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
1660 Marriage / Partner
Françoise CAPEL and Jacques MARCHAND 1 February 1660, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his...Read MORE...


1660 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine MARCHAND was born 12 December 1660, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


News 1664 - Seigniory (Champlain) granted September 22, 1664 to Etienne Pezard, Sieur de la Touche


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe ...Read MORE...


News 1668 - Prohibited from selling liquor to Indians
The End of February 1668. Petition presented to the Supreme Council by a number of the inhabitants...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended....Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1684 - Église de Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation established at Champlain

www.gcatholic.org -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake...Read MORE...


World History 1689 - William & Mary assume English throne. Peter the Great assumes Russian throne.


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1695 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jacques MARCHAND died 6 October 1695, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (Saint-François-Xavier)
Death
20 April 1699
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)

Added: 12/19/2014 10:43:02 AM

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