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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Catherine  DELAVAUX (DELAVAU)

  (b. abt. 1620, France   d. 11 April 1688Montréal, Canada, New France )  
Summary: Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU) was born abt. 1620 in , France. Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU) was the child of

Catherine was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1650.

She married  Gilbert BARBIER 14 November 1650 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Gilbert BARBIER  was born 13 January 1617 in , France .  He died 15 November 1693 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles) . 

Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU) died 11 April 1688 in Montréal, Canada, New France .
Notes:
daughter of Alexandre de Lavau and Louise de Renel


Details of the life of Catherine appear below.
About Catherine
Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart for Catherine
Family Group Record Family Group Record for Catherine
Inventions Inventions during the lifetime of Catherine
Research Catherine
Research Research Catherine on familysearch.org
Did You Know? Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know? Quebec - Did you know? Women in New France worked very hard. They had to take care of the house, cook for the family, take care of the younger children. Sometimes women had 15 children or more. Women made clothes for the family using cloth that she spun.

teacherweb.com/ ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  -
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Montréal, Québec, Canada  - St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne cathédrale Saint-Jacques
Former Cathedral of St. James
rue Saint-Denis & rue Sainte-Catherine E, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1825
Montréal, Québec, Canada
St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada
William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien ... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada
MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St.... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Royal Victoria Hospital
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Royal Victoria Hospital
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Cemetery Gate, Mount Royal, Montreal
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Cemetery Gate, Mount Royal, Montreal

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

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Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU) married immigrant flag Gilbert BARBIER-- Date: 14 November 1650 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France
Familysearch.org. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 


Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection



Children:
flag Charles BARBIER (b.7 August 1651, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 28 February 1657, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Adrienne BARBIER (b.20 August 1652, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. aft. 31 August 1721, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Barbe BARBIER (b.9 January 1654, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 24 January 1694, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Canada, New France* )

flag Agathe BARBIER (b., , Québec Province, Canada   d. 1655, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Gabriel BARBIER (b.6 September 1656, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Nicolas BARBIER (b., , Québec Province, Canada   d. 11 August 1691, La Prairie, Canada, New France )

flag Charles-Henri BARBIER (b.8 November 1660 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 8 June 1691, Repentigny, Canada, New France )

flag Marie BARBIER (b.1 May 1663 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 19 May 1739, Montréal, Canada, New France )


Events, Pictures and Documents Related to the Lifetime of Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU)

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Canada 1625: Arrival of the Jesuits in Quebec.
Jesuits begin missionary work among the Indians in the Québec area. Jean de Brébeuf founds missions ...Read MORE...


Canada In 1627, there were fewer than one hundred Europeans living in Québec.
That year the Compagnie des Cent-Associés was created by Cardinal Richelieu to capitalize on the...Read MORE...


Canada 1627 - The Company of One Hundred Associates (a.k.a. the Company of New France) is given a fur monopoly and title to all lands claimed by New France (April 29). In exchange, they are to establish a French colony of 4000 by 1643, which they fail to do

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1629-1631: Quebec is in English hands, and most settlers return to France.
The adventurer David Kirke takes Québec for Britain (July 19, 1629).
fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1632 - The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye enables France to regain possession of Canada.


Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)

Canada 1634-40 - The Huron nation is reduced by half from European diseases (smallpox epidemic, 1639).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1635 - Jean de Lauzon becomes the owner of the Island of Montreal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


News 1636 - The Island Where There Was a Village
The Island of Mont Real is still being used as a temporary camp and the Savages called the place...Read MORE...


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars
Also known as the Beaver Wars.

Encouraged and armed by their Dutch and English trading partners, ...Read MORE...


News 1642 - Fort Maisonneuve
Fort Maisonneuve (Montreal) is established by (I)-Paul de Maisonneuve (1612-1676) at Point Calliere ...Read MORE...


Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1643 - Ville-Marie (Montreal) had grown from 50 people to 70 people by this year.

www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french13.htm -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


News 1644 - Iroquois attack Montreal on March 16

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1645 - Treaty with the Iroquois. The peace is broken a few months later. (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1646 to 1653 - War with the Iroquois (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1648 - Adrienne Du Vivier arrives; she and her husband, Augustin Hébert, are often referred to as "Montreal's First Citizens."

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1650 to 1653 - 50 men held Fort Montreal
Only 50 men held Fort Montreal. Between 1650 and 1653, 32 French settlers were killed by the...Read MORE...


News 1650 - Montreal Status Report
The wheat crop this year was excellent especially at Montreal. The Iroquois had driven most of the ...Read MORE...


1650 Marriage / Partner
Catherine DELAVAUX (DELAVAU) and Gilbert BARBIER 14 November 1650, Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 1651 - On July 26, 200 Iroquois attack the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

1651 Birth of Child
Charles BARBIER was born 7 August 1651, Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 1652 - Montreal
Fifty miles beyond is the Great Island of Mont Reale, 180 miles distant from Kebec, which was...Read MORE...


1652 Birth of Child
Adrienne BARBIER was born 20 August 1652, Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 1653 - Life in Montreal
The Jesuit vision of the Mountain of Montreal is a mission to convert the Natives and stop French...Read MORE...


News 1653 - Congregation of Notre Dame founded in Montreal

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

1654 Birth of Child
Barbe BARBIER was born 9 January 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1656 Birth of Child
Gabriel BARBIER was born 6 September 1656, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1657 Death of Child
Charles BARBIER died 28 February 1657, Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 18th March, 1658 - Right to Bear Arms in Montreal
By-law permitting the inhabitants of Villemarie to provide themselves with guns and ammunition, to...Read MORE...


News 9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal)
Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine ...Read MORE...


News 1659 - New Laws (Montreal)
18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and...Read MORE...


Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.


Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his...Read MORE...


1660 Birth of Child
Charles-Henri BARBIER was born 8 November 1660 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 20th September 1662. — Firing guns during the night, or going out after retreat, prohibited. (Montreal)

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


1663 Birth of Child
Marie BARBIER was born 1 May 1663 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1666 Census - Montreal, Quebec
GILBERT BARBIER 40 CHARPENTIER, HABITANT
CATHERINE DE LAGNEAU (DE LAVAU) 45 EPOUSE
ADRIENNE...Read MORE...


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe ...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1669 - Respecting the Divine (Montreal)
2nd April, 1669. — Ordinance of the King prohibiting inn-keepers from furnishing the people of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 7th March 1670 — Ordinance instructing the inhabitants of Montreal to mark their sacks and bags when they bring them to the mill.

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended....Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1678 - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal established at Montréal

www.gcatholic.org -

1681 Canadian Census Ville de Montreal
Gilbert Barbier, charpentier, 64
Catherine Delavau, sa femme, 61
enfants:
Gabriel, 26
Nicolas,...Read MORE...


Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687
July 21, 1687 - Appearance of Catherine Delavau, wife of Gilbert...Read MORE...


Death
11 April 1688
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Added: 3/19/2009 10:33:24 AM

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