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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marthe-Marie  ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT)

  (b. 28 March 1632La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France   d. 26 August 1700Montréal, Canada, New France )  
Summary: Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) was born 28 March 1632 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France. Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) was the child of Marc ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) and Louise BRODEUR

Marthe-Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1658.

She married  Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS 16 September 1658 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS  was born abt. 1636 in Saintes, Charente-Maritime, France .  He died 5 August 1688 in Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La Purification-de-Repentigny) .  He was the son of Simon RICHAUME and Catherine BELLIER (BELIER).

Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) died 26 August 1700 in Montréal, Canada, New France .
Notes:
Baptisted at Ste Marguerite chapel in the parish Notre-Dame-de-Cougnes in La Rochelle, France.
Daughter of March Arnault and Louise Brodeur.


Details of the life of Marthe-Marie appear below.
About Marthe-Marie
Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart for Marthe-Marie
Family Group Record Family Group Record for Marthe-Marie
Inventions Inventions during the lifetime of Marthe-Marie
Research Marthe-Marie
Research Research Marthe-Marie on familysearch.org
Did You Know? Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know? Quebec - Did you know? Christmas Eve with its atmosphere of wonder offers infinite possibilities to people’s imagination. It was believed, for example, that during this magical night, sand on seashores, rocks on mountains, the oceans and valleys opened up in the light of the moon and the stars to reveal the rich treasures hidden in their depths: this is the revelation of hidden treasures.

www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France -
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
La Rochelle - Le Port et les Yachts
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  -
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Montréal, Québec, Canada  - St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne cathédrale Saint-Jacques
Former Cathedral of St. James
rue Saint-Denis & rue Sainte-Catherine E, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1825
Montréal, Québec, Canada
St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada
William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien ... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada
MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St.... Read MORE...

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

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Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) married immigrant flag Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS-- Date: 16 September 1658 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France
Familysearch.org. Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 


Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS was the son of Simon RICHAUME and Catherine BELLIER (BELIER)


Marriage record found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Pierre Richeaume and Marthe Arnue

Children:
flag Barbe RICHAUME (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 17 January 1725, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )

flag Gabriel RICHAUME (b.22 June 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 24 December 1659, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques RICHAUME dit PETRUS (b.19 February 1661 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 21 April 1713 , Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Madeleine RICHAUME (b.23 November 1662, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 10 January 1722, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Marthe RICHAUME (b.4 March 1665 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 29 July 1703, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )

flag Elisabeth RICHAUME (b.31 August 1666 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 04 April 1703, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Jeanne RICHAUME (b.3 December 1668 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 6 December 1701, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Madeleine RICHAUME (b.28 March 1672, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 1 May 1743, Boucherville, Canada, New France )


Events, Pictures and Documents Related to the Lifetime of Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT)

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Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) - 1695
Title	Report
Author	Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published	1891
Original from	the Ne
Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT)
1695
Title Report
Author Québec (Québec).... Read MORE...
Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) - Death
Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT)
Death
Biography
"Marthe Arnault (also seen as Arnu) was born about 1632 and baptized on March 28, 1632 at...Read MORE...


Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)

Canada 1634-40 - The Huron nation is reduced by half from European diseases (smallpox epidemic, 1639).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1635 - Jean de Lauzon becomes the owner of the Island of Montreal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


News 1636 - The Island Where There Was a Village
The Island of Mont Real is still being used as a temporary camp and the Savages called the place...Read MORE...


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars
Also known as the Beaver Wars.

Encouraged and armed by their Dutch and English trading partners, ...Read MORE...


News 1642 - Fort Maisonneuve
Fort Maisonneuve (Montreal) is established by (I)-Paul de Maisonneuve (1612-1676) at Point Calliere ...Read MORE...


Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1643 - Ville-Marie (Montreal) had grown from 50 people to 70 people by this year.

www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french13.htm -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


News 1644 - Iroquois attack Montreal on March 16

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1645 - Treaty with the Iroquois. The peace is broken a few months later. (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1646 to 1653 - War with the Iroquois (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1648 - Adrienne Du Vivier arrives; she and her husband, Augustin Hébert, are often referred to as "Montreal's First Citizens."

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1650 to 1653 - 50 men held Fort Montreal
Only 50 men held Fort Montreal. Between 1650 and 1653, 32 French settlers were killed by the...Read MORE...


News 1650 - Montreal Status Report
The wheat crop this year was excellent especially at Montreal. The Iroquois had driven most of the ...Read MORE...


News 1651 - On July 26, 200 Iroquois attack the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

News 1652 - Montreal
Fifty miles beyond is the Great Island of Mont Reale, 180 miles distant from Kebec, which was...Read MORE...


News 1653 - Life in Montreal
The Jesuit vision of the Mountain of Montreal is a mission to convert the Natives and stop French...Read MORE...


News 1653 - Congregation of Notre Dame founded in Montreal

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History -

1658 Marriage / Partner
Marthe-Marie ARNUS (ARNUE) (ARNAULT) and Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS 16 September 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 18th March, 1658 - Right to Bear Arms in Montreal
By-law permitting the inhabitants of Villemarie to provide themselves with guns and ammunition, to...Read MORE...


News 9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal)
Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine ...Read MORE...


News 1659 - New Laws (Montreal)
18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and...Read MORE...


Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.


1659 Birth of Child
Barbe RICHAUME was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1659 Birth of Child
Gabriel RICHAUME was born 22 June 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1661 Birth of Child
Jacques RICHAUME dit PETRUS was born 19 February 1661 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 20th September 1662. — Firing guns during the night, or going out after retreat, prohibited. (Montreal)

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine RICHAUME was born 23 November 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


1665 Birth of Child
Marie-Marthe RICHAUME was born 4 March 1665 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
1666
Pierre Richomme 30 Habitant

Marthe Arnue...Read MORE...


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Elisabeth RICHAUME was born 31 August 1666 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe ...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Jeanne RICHAUME was born 3 December 1668 , Montréal, Québec, Canada
News 1669 - Respecting the Divine (Montreal)
2nd April, 1669. — Ordinance of the King prohibiting inn-keepers from furnishing the people of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 7th March 1670 — Ordinance instructing the inhabitants of Montreal to mark their sacks and bags when they bring them to the mill.

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890 -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Madeleine RICHAUME was born 28 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended....Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1678 - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal established at Montréal

www.gcatholic.org -

1681 Canadian Census Signeurie de Repentigny
Pierre Richaume, 46
Marthe Arnue, sa femme, 46
enfants:
Jacques, 20
Elizabeth, 15
Jeanne,...Read MORE...


Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1688 Death of Spouse/Partner
Pierre RICHAUME dit PETRUS died 5 August 1688, Repentigny, Québec, Canada (La Purification-de-Repentigny)
Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake...Read MORE...


World History 1689 - William & Mary assume English throne. Peter the Great assumes Russian throne.


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1694 - La Rochelle - In 1694 trade (in sugar from the West Indies, furs from Canada, triangular trade) flourished.

www.holidays-la-rochelle.co.uk/ what-to-see-and-do/ discover-la-rochelle/ 1000-years-of-history -

News 1697 - The English and French make peace.
The Jesuit joined the Ville-Marie (Montreal) merchants to persuade the French Government to...Read MORE...


News 1698 - October 14 - New France census shows: 639 houses in Montreal, 1,185 inhabitants

canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_14 -

Death
26 August 1700
Montréal, Québec, Canada

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