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HELP! flag male ancestor  Vincent  RENAUD

  (b. 20 May 1609 La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France   d. 5 February 1672 La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France )  

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RENAUD Family Tree

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Vincent RENAUD was born 20 May 1609 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France

Vincent RENAUD was the child of ?   and   ?

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Vincent  married  Marie MARTIN 4 October 1631 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Marie MARTIN  was born 15 March 1615 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France.  Marie died 25 February 1714 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France. 

Vincent RENAUD died 5 February 1672 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France.

Occupation: Cordonnier et habitant



son of Jean Renaud and Madeleine Gaufreneau


Details of the family tree of Vincent appear below.

Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Vincent RENAUD was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)

What is a Habitant? Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram; McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Vincent was a Cordonnier et habitant.
The cordonnier, or shoemaker (a cordwainer in England), was a craftsman who manufactured shoes, boots, and other types of footwear. He knew how to create, with his own hands, the entire shoe from the sole to the upper. He was the cutter, fitter, designer, and polisher... Some shoemakers sold their shoes to merchants, but the majority sold their own shoes, either from their workshop or by going door-to-door selling their wares.
Source: tfcq.ca

Walking in the Shoes of an 18th Century Cordonnier: Crafting Soles in New France

Spouse(s) / Partner(s) and Child(ren) of Vincent RENAUD

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Exploring the Ancestry of Vincent RENAUD: Events, Pictures, and Documents

birth1609 Birth
20 May 1609
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
marriage1631 Marriage / Partner
Vincent RENAUD and Marie MARTIN 4 October 1631, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
1632 Birth of Child
Marie RENAUD (RENAULT) was born 14 November 1632, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
1642 Birth of Child
Jeanne RENAUD was born 11 October 1642, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
1644 Birth of Child
Barbe RENAUD was born 15 September 1644, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
1659 Birth of Child
Marie RENAUD was born 15 January 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1666 Quebec
Vincent Renault .............................57 Cordonnier habittant
Marie Martin ................................52 sa femme
gabriel Renault ..............................8 fils
Et Jacques Rozà ......................22 domestique Engaigé
The first census of New France (1666)
death1672 Death
5 February 1672
La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Added: 7/3/2015 7:38:56 AM - Updated: 11/30/2019 10:24:18 AM

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