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Montréal, Québec, Canada

People, Pictures and News From the Past

Where is Montréal, Québec, Canada ? 

Including Cote St-Michel, Sault-au-Recollet (neighborhoods of Montreal)

Montreal was the largest city in Canada up until the 1970's and is now the second-largest city in Canada and the largest city in the province of Quebec. Originally called Ville-Marie ('City of Mary'), some historians think the city takes its present name from the Mont Réal (as it was pronounced in Middle French, or Mont Royal / Mount Royal in present French), the three-head hill at the heart of the city, whose name was also initially given to the island on which the city is located.

The official language of Montreal is French as defined by the city's charter. It is among the five largest French-speaking cities in the world. As of the 2006 Canadian Census, 1,620,693 people resided in the city of Montreal proper. The population of the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (also known as Greater Montreal Area) was 3,635,571 at the same 2006 census. In the census metropolitan area, French is the language most spoken at home by 70.5% of the population (as of 2006 census). In 2007, Forbes Magazine ranked Montreal as the 10th cleanest city in the world.

en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Montreal


THERE is no more beau-tiful city on the continent of America than the commercial metropolis of the Dominion of Canada. The geographical features of the place at once suggest a city. Ocean-going steamers can navigate the river St. Lawrence no farther inland, but here, where insuperable difficulties stop navigation, nature has made it possible for human skill to produce a magnificent harbour. Lying between the river and Mount Royal, rarely has it been the good fortune of any city to have so fine a background. The flat part, situated at the base by the river side, makes it easy for business; the sloping sides of the mountain are intended, perhaps, to meet the modern idea that prosperity shall build in the west end, and abundance in some overlooking heights. That which was natural happened; the city has extended westward and along the mountain side — that is to say, wealth used its undoubted right to erect its dwelling-places up the river where the water is clear, and up the mountain where the air is pure.

Reaching the city by way of the St. Lawrence, the eye rests upon a scene of rare beauty ; three miles of river frontage turned into wharves ; shipping of every kind and description, from the enormous steamship to the tiny pleasure yacht ; back of that, long lines of warehouses; then, great public and private buildings, church spires and towers asserting their right to be higher than all other structures, and thus bid the busy world pause at times and look up. But the finest view of the city can be had from the mountain...

Montreal abounds with striking contrasts. The city is comparatively small — less than one hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants—as what was called "the census" has declared. It has had only one or two hundred years of history; and yet everything is here—the antique and the modern—while hostile oddities lie cheek-by-jowl on every hand. Here are frame houses, some of them scarcely better than an Irishman's hovel on his native bog, and ignorance and squalour and dirt ; close at hand are great streets of great houses, all of finest stone. Here are thousands of French who cannot speak one word of English, and thousands of English who cannot speak one word of French. Unthrift and thrift come along the same thoroughfares. Some are content with a bare existence and some are not content with colossal fortunes. In social life we have the old French families with their Old World refinement pressed upon and almost pushed out of existence by the loud manners of the nouveaux riches...

We have the same striking contrasts in the appearance of the people on the streets. Here are unmistakable descendants of the ancient Iroquois Indians; at a turn we come upon a company who, by their dress and talk, take us back to the peasant classes of older France ; while crowding everywhere are ladies and gentlemen of the most approved modern type, according to the fashions of London, Paris, and New York...

Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84), Pages 104-106


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Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada  -
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Montréal, Québec, Canada  - St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne cathédrale Saint-Jacques
Former Cathedral of St. James
rue Saint-Denis & rue Sainte-Catherine E, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1825
Montréal, Québec, Canada

St. James Cathedral, Montreal.

Ancienne cathédrale Saint-Jacques
Former Cathedral of St. James
rue Saint-Denis & rue Sainte-Catherine E,... Read MORE...
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada

William Henry Bartlett print
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - St. James Street, Montreal
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada

St. James Street, Montreal
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada

MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - City Hall and Jacques Cartier Square, Montreal.
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada

City Hall and Jacques Cartier Square, Montreal.
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Royal Victoria Hospital
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Royal Victoria Hospital
Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Cemetery Gate, Mount Royal, Montreal
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Cemetery Gate, Mount Royal, Montreal



History / News

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1535 - October 2 - Jacques Cartier
visits the Iroquois town of Hochelaga; legend says he proclaimed "What a royal mountain," ("Quel...Read MORE...

1635 - Jean de Lauzon becomes the owner of the Island of Montreal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1636 - The Island Where There Was a Village
The Island of Mont Real is still being used as a temporary camp and the Savages called the place...Read MORE...

Montreal - Travel Thru History Full Episode


402 Montreal - Travel Thru History Full Episode...Read MORE...

1642 - Fort Maisonneuve
Fort Maisonneuve (Montreal) is established by (I)-Paul de Maisonneuve (1612-1676) at Point Calliere ...Read MORE...

1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1643 - Ville-Marie (Montreal) had grown from 50 people to 70 people by this year.

www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french13.htm
1644 - Iroquois attack Montreal on March 16

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1645 - Treaty with the Iroquois. The peace is broken a few months later. (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1646 to 1653 - War with the Iroquois (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1648 - Adrienne Du Vivier arrives; she and her husband, Augustin Hébert, are often referred to as "Montreal's First Citizens."

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1650 to 1653 - 50 men held Fort Montreal
Only 50 men held Fort Montreal. Between 1650 and 1653, 32 French settlers were killed by the...Read MORE...

1650 - Montreal Status Report
The wheat crop this year was excellent especially at Montreal. The Iroquois had driven most of the ...Read MORE...

1651 - On July 26, 200 Iroquois attack the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1652 - Montreal
Fifty miles beyond is the Great Island of Mont Reale, 180 miles distant from Kebec, which was...Read MORE...

1653 - Congregation of Notre Dame founded in Montreal

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1653 - Life in Montreal
The Jesuit vision of the Mountain of Montreal is a mission to convert the Natives and stop French...Read MORE...

18th March, 1658 - Right to Bear Arms in Montreal
By-law permitting the inhabitants of Villemarie to provide themselves with guns and ammunition, to...Read MORE...

9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal)
Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine ...Read MORE...

1659 - New Laws (Montreal)
18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and...Read MORE...

20th September 1662. — Firing guns during the night, or going out after retreat, prohibited. (Montreal)

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890
1666 Census - Montreal or Ville-Marie was scarcely more important than Three Rivers. The population of the whole district numbered only 625.
A fort built by Maisonneuve and Ailleboust at Pointe-a-Callieres; the house of the Sulpicians at...Read MORE...

1669 - Respecting the Divine (Montreal)
2nd April, 1669. — Ordinance of the King prohibiting inn-keepers from furnishing the people of the...Read MORE...

7th March 1670 — Ordinance instructing the inhabitants of Montreal to mark their sacks and bags when they bring them to the mill.

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890
1678 - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal established at Montréal

www.gcatholic.org
1697 - The English and French make peace.
The Jesuit joined the Ville-Marie (Montreal) merchants to persuade the French Government to...Read MORE...

1698 - October 14 - New France census shows: 639 houses in Montreal, 1,185 inhabitants

canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_14
1700 - Ville-Marie is renamed Montreal.

1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

1706 - Life in Montreal
The Montreal farmer's market opened this year, and farmers are forced to first to bring their...Read MORE...

Starting in 1716, a stone wall was built around Montreal.

History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
1732 - September 16 - Earthquake Near Montreal, QC. Widely felt. About 300 houses damaged in the city. No injuries.

catalystforscience.ca/ pdf/ 10/ ESS/ NRCEarthquakes/ Timeline_Earthquakes_list.pdf
News  1734 - A terrible fire in Montréal destroys 46 houses an an old historical church.
A young black slave called Marie-Joseph-Angélique is found guilty of lighting the blaze and is...Read MORE...

1741 - "Montreal, of 506 households surveyed, nearly 60% declared they did not know how to write their name."

www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french33.htm
1750 - The inhabitants of Montreal...
J.C.B. in the Great Lakes wrote: The inhabitants of Montreal are much more lively, active,...Read MORE...

1786 - The Molson Brewery was formed in Montreal in 1786. It is the second oldest company in Canada after the Hudson's Bay Company

www.wikipedia.org
1830 - Port of Montreal created

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1832 - Rioting broke out during by-election in Montreal, British soldiers opened fire, three killed

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1832 - MONTREAL,
island, seigniory and county. - Montreal is the most considerable island in the province, and its...Read MORE...

1832 - June - Immigrants with Cholera land at Quebec. By September the disease will kill 4,000 in Montreal.

www.canadahistory.com/ timeline.asp
News  1851 - December 9 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.

www.wikipedia.org
December 9, 1851
News  1852 - GREAT FIRE IN MONTREAL AND LOSS OF LIFE - LOSS ESTIMATED AT $1,000,000.
Montreal, Monday, June 7.
We were yesterday visited with a most destructive conflagration, which...Read MORE...

1856 - The Grand Trunk Railway opens its Toronto-Montréal line.

www.canadahistory.com/ timeline.asp
1859
MONTREAL, an island of Lower Canada, at the confluence of the Grand Ottawa river with the St....Read MORE...

1866 - St. Patrick’s Basilica established at Montréal

www.gcatholic.org
News  1871 - A girl of sixteen, near Montreal, recently took arsenic to whiten her complexion. None could question her success as she lay in her coffin the following day.


St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
January 7, 1871
1873
MONTREAL, a city of the province of Quebec, the commercial metropolis of the Dominion of Canada,...Read MORE...

1873 - The Royal Montreal Golf Club, founded in 1873, is the oldest golf club in North America.

www.hikebiketravel.com/ 18950/ 145-weird-fun-interesting-facts-canada/
News  1873 - THE MONTREAL HOTEL FIRE. Terrible Scenes Among the Boarders and Servants - A Woman Hangs to a Window-Frame for Half and Hour - Two Lives Lost.
The Montreal papers come filled with details of the terrible scenes connected with the partial...Read MORE...

1873 - Accident on the Grand Trunk
Friday morning, at 5:30 o'clock, as the Portland express on the Grand Trunk Railway was passing the ...Read MORE...

News  March 3, 1875: First organized ice hockey match, Montreal, Canada

The Old Farmer's Almanac www.almanac.com
March 3, 1875
1879 - The Montreal Panic Over
MONTREAL - August 11. - The banking scare has entirely disappeared to-day and confidence has...Read MORE...

1884 - A US patent for peanut butter was awarded to Marcellus Gilmore Edson of Montreal, Quebec in 1884,
who had decided to apply for a US patent instead of a British one (the British patent office...Read MORE...

News  1886 - Montreal Fire
LARGE FIRE IN MONTREAL
DAMAGE TO BUILDINGS AMOUNTING TO NEARLY $200.000.
MONTREAL, Quebec, March...Read MORE...

1888 - Blizzard - MONTREAL, Canada, Nov. 27. - One of the most severe storms of snow and wind known here for years broke over this province and Ontario Sunday evening and still continues.
The wind at times blew as hard as seventy miles per hour. The streets and surrounding country are...Read MORE...

1892 - Montréal has electric streetcars for the first time

1893 - SHAKEN BY AN EARTHQUAKE (Montreal)
MILD SENSATION IN THE CHAMPLAIN VALLEY REGION.
Considerable Alarm Felt in Montreal, Particularly...Read MORE...

1894 - Montreal's Financial Straits
MONTREAL, Quebec, Oct 30. - Owing to the bad state of the finances of the city, the Board of...Read MORE...

1897 - HEAVY EARTHQUAKE SHOCK. City of Montreal Shaken and Other Places Felt the Vibration.
A heavy shock of earthquake shook the center of the city of Montreal last evening and caused great...Read MORE...

1898 - A “ SNAP-SHOT ” AT OLD MONTREAL RASCO'S HOTEL
"And then go to my inn, and dine." (Shakespeare)

In former lines the most fashionable hotel in...Read MORE...

MONTRÉAL, QUÉBEC, CANADA


MONTRÉAL, QUÉBEC, CANADA (www.youtube.com)
1902 - A Massachusetts Man's Big Luck - Gate Tender on a Railroad to Get a Large Slice.
The Times Special Service.
WORCESTER, Mass., Saturday, June 7. - Family records expected daily...Read MORE...

1904 - Basilique-Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde et St-Jacques established in Montréal

www.gcatholic.org
News  1912 - DEAD IN MONTREAL FIRE.
Manager of Manufacturing Plant Suffocated in Business Block Blaze.

MONTREAL, Feb. 13, - One man...Read MORE...

1922 - Montréal radio station CKAC begins broadcasting, the first radio station in Quebec.

On 9 January 1927, a small fire broke out in the Laurier Palace Theatre, Montréal.
Firefighters arrived within two minutes and the blaze was extinguished in 10 minutes, but in the...Read MORE...

News  1932 - 21 KILLED, 63 HURT IN TANKER BLOW-UP AT MONTREAL DOCKS. SERIES OF EXPLOSIONS ON BRITISH BOAT IN DRYDOCK CAUSES $1,000,000 DAMAGE - FIRE CHIEF AND OTHERS LOST IN FLAMES.
CREW ASLEEP ON VESSEL WHEN FIRST EXPLOSION OCCURS - FLYING TIMBERS KILL SEVERAL IN SUCCEEDING...Read MORE...

1959 - Tramways stop running in Montréal

News  April 27, 1967: Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal, Quebec, by Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson

The Old Farmer's Almanac www.almanac.com
April 27, 1967

Ancestors Who Were Born Here

We currently have information about 2168 ancestors who were born in Montréal, Québec, Canada .
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Ancestors Who Died Here

We currently have information about 2181 ancestors who died in Montréal, Québec, Canada .
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Cemeteries in Montréal, Québec, Canada

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