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Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

People, Pictures and News From the Past

Where is Québec Province, Canada? 

Québec is the largest province in Canada by area and borders Ontario, New Brunswick and Newfoundland (Labrador was attributed to Newfoundland in 1927 by the British Privy Council). The territory of Québec represents 15.5% of the surface area of Canada and totals 1.5 million km2. This is equal to the size of France, Germany and Spain combined. The province also neighbours on 4 American states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York.

Despite its impressive size, the territory of Québec today is only a portion of what was once New France. The original boundaries were changed through the ROYAL PROCLAMATION OF 1763, the QUEBEC ACT of 1774, the CONSTITUTIONAL ACT, 1791 and the BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT of 1867.

The French North American empire before 1763 was a vast territory including the St Lawrence River valley, the Great Lakes region and territories around the Missouri and Mississippi rivers from the Ohio River valley to the Gulf of Mexico. The JAMES BAY region and the northern part of Québec were officially British territories after the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, half a century before the Conquest of 1760. The word Canada (meaning "village" in Iroquoian), not Québec, was used by the French to refer to the territory of New France that lay along the St Lawrence River. There was a strong sense among the French population of belonging to North America. The inclusion of the vast interior of the continent, reinforced by the fur trade and French exploration, has never completely disappeared from the complex sense of identity of francophone Quebeckers.

The name Québec referred, until 1763 and the Royal Proclamation, to the city of Québec only. The name was inspired by an Algonquian word meaning "where the river narrows." It was the British, not the French, who first used the word Québec in a broader sense.www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca


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, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) - www.freeusandworldmaps.com
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

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, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) - Montreal - Typical Sleigh
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

Montreal - Typical Sleigh
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) - Old House, Beauport, Que.
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

Old House, Beauport, Que.
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) - Hotel de Manoir, Berthierville, Quebec
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

Hotel de Manoir, Berthierville, Quebec

, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) - Baie-Saint-Paul, Charlevoix, Québec, Canada 
Le Presbytere
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

Baie-Saint-Paul, Charlevoix, Québec, Canada
Le Presbytere

History / News

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1600 - King Henry IV of France grants a fur-trading monopoly in the Gulf of St. Lawrence to a group of French merchants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1608: Champlain sets up an "Habitation" at Quebec as well as alliances with the Algonquin, Huron and Montagnais tribes for control of the fur trade.

1609 - Champlain supports the Algonquins against the Iroquois at Lake Champlain.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
The winter of 1608-1609 decimated the group of Frenchmen living in Quebec. By 1611, only 17 men - and no women - inhabited Quebec.

History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
1611: A European colony is established by Champlain on the Island of Montréal (Ville Marie).

1617: Louis Hébert and his family settle at Quebec (first settlers)

1625: Arrival of the Jesuits in Quebec.
Jesuits begin missionary work among the Indians in the Québec area. Jean de Brébeuf founds missions ...Read MORE...

In 1627, only French Catholics were allowed to settle in New France.
In 1627 the Catholic missionaries in New France were concerned that some Huguenots were making...Read MORE...

1627 - Seigneurial system introduced by King Louis XIV of France, forbade settlement in New France by anyone other than Roman Catholics
On April 29, 1627, Cardinal Richelieu signed a deed establishing a large company owned by about 100 ...Read MORE...

1627 - The Company of One Hundred Associates (a.k.a. the Company of New France) is given a fur monopoly and title to all lands claimed by New France (April 29). In exchange, they are to establish a French colony of 4000 by 1643, which they fail to do

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1629-1631: Quebec is in English hands, and most settlers return to France.
The adventurer David Kirke takes Québec for Britain (July 19, 1629).
fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1632 - The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye enables France to regain possession of Canada.

Population of New France in 1640 - 400

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1641 - French and Iroquois Wars began

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1653 - Population of New France - 1,500

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1663 - New France became royal province under King Louis XIV

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
In 1663, New France had 68 seigneuries, mostly grouped around Quebec, Trois-Rivieres, and Montreal.
Until the conquest of 1760, seigneuries were the favored mode of land concession by Ancien Regime...Read MORE...

1663--Population of New France : 2,500, of whom 800 were in Quebec.
The public debt was about 200,000 livres ; the Customs tariff was raised to 10 per cent ad...Read MORE...

1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1666 - Carignan-Saleires soldiers invaded Iroquois territory, burned villages, destroyed crops

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1673 - Population of Quebec - 6,705

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1681 - Population of Quebec - 10,077

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1685 - King Louis XIV decreed Code Noir (Black Code),ordered all Jews out of French colonial empire; defined slavery rules, restricted activities of free Negroes; forbade any religious activities other than Roman Catholic

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1692 - Population of Quebec - 13,041

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1702 - Queen Anne's War between France and Great Britain began

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1706 - Population of Quebec - 18,842

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession)
Hudson's Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland now all belonged to the English. Cape Breton belonged to the...Read MORE...

In 1716 (New France), it became a requirement that all soldiers be given a dit name.
What is most interesting is that in New France a dit name could be passed down from father to son...Read MORE...

1718 - Population of Quebec - 25.971

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1727 - Population of Quebec - 34,355

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1737 - Population of Quebec - 45,108

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1750 - Population of Quebec - 58,100

History of Quebec For Dummies By Eric Bédard
1754 - Beginning of French and Indian War between Great Britain and France

Québec a Nation History (Part 8) (www.youtube.com)
1760 - French Forces defeated British during Battle of Sainte-Foy on Plains of Abraham;
French forces attacked Quebec City, failed to capture city from British; British ships arrived at...Read MORE...

1763 - Seven Years War ended with signing of Treaty of Paris; France gave northerly portion of New France to Britain, kept Guadaloupe;
Chief Pontiac led raids against British trading posts; British Parliament issued Royal Proclamation ...Read MORE...

1775 - Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, raided Fort Saint-Jean; Second Continental Congress wrote open letter inviting people of Canada to join in Revolution;
Continental Army invaded Quebec, besieged Fort Saint-Jean; Fort Saint-Jean surrendered; Montreal...Read MORE...

1776 - British, German troops arrived, drove Americans out of province of Quebec

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1792 - First election of Lower Canada held; first parliament of Lower Canada opened

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1804 - Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada voted to abolish slavery

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1812 - War of 1812 - second invasion of Canada by Americans

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1818 - Frontier between British North America, United States established at 49th northern parallel

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1832 - Cholera epidemic killed 6,000; Assembly passed law giving full political rights to Jewish citizens of Lower Canada

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1838 - Robert Nelson, Patriots General, gathered volunteers, Freres chasseurs, sympathetic Americans, launched attack on British in Lower Canada;
Nelson proclaimed independence of Lower Canada; amnesty given to all prisoners except eight; Freres ...Read MORE...

News  1864 - June 29, 1864 - The worst railway disaster in Canada's history killed 99 people and injured 100 more,
when a train, which had been carrying many German and Polish immigrants, failed to stop at an open...Read MORE...

1867 - New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined Ontario and Quebec in the new Dominion of Canada; Honourable Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau appointed first lieutenant-governor; Pierre-Joseph-Oliver Chauveau became first premier

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1871--Population of Quebec 1,191,516

www.statcan.gc.ca
1873
QUEBEC, a province of the Dominion of Canada, bounded on the N. by Labrador and Hudson's Bay; on...Read MORE...

The French-Canadian is a capital labourer,
slow perhaps, but sure. He is docile and willing, and his light-heartedness gets over all...Read MORE...

1907 - Part of the Quebec bridge collapsed, killed 75 workmen

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1912 - Quebec Boundaries Extension Act passed, northern boundary extended from Quebec to Hudson Strait

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm

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