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What is the history of Québec, Québec, Canada ?

People, Pictures, Old Postcards and Stories From the Past

(Quebec City)

Explore Québec, Québec, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures and genealogy.
"Quebec, kwe-bék" (Fr. Québec, kā'běk'; L. Quebecum), a city and port, and, after Montreal, the most populous city in the Dominion of Canada, capital of the province of Quebec, is situated on the left bank of the river St. Lawrence (which here receives the St. Charles), 400 miles from its mouth, 180 miles N.E. of Montreal, and 328 miles N.N.W. of Portland, Me. Lat. 46° 49' 6" N.; lon. 71° 13'45" W. Mean temperature in winter 10°, in summer 68° Fahrenheit; mean of the year, 39°. The city has a remarkably picturesque situation between the two rivers, at the N.E. extremity of an elevated table-land which forms the left bank of the St. Lawrence. Cape Diamond, the extremity of the table-land, is 333 feet above the level of the river, to which it presents a nearly precipitous face. Quebec is divided into two parts, called Upper and Lower Towns. The upper town occupies the highest part of the promontory, and is surrounded with walls and otherwise fortified, having an ancient citadel, which crowns the summit of Cape Diamond and covers with its numerous works an area of 40 acres. From its position it is probably the strongest fortress in America. The chief ascents to the upper town are by a steep and narrow winding street and by a flight of steps. The lower town, which is the seat of commerce, is built around the base of Cape Diamond, where, in many places, the rock has been cut away to make room for the houses. On the side of the St. Charles the water at flood-tide formerly washed the very foot of the rock, but from time to time wharf after wharf has been projected towards low water mark, and foundations made sufficiently solid on which to build whole streets where vessels of considerable burden once rode at anchor. The banks of both rivers are now lined with warehouses and wharves. The streets are generally irregular and narrow. The houses are principally of stone and brick, 2 or 3 stories high, the older ones with steep and quaint-looking roofs...

Pop, in 1832, 27,562; in 1852, 42,052; in 1871, 59,699,—52,337 of whom were Roman Catholics; in 1881, 62,446; in 1891, 63,090."

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ...
Joseph Thomas
January 1, 1895
J.B. Lippincott

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  • 1608 - Samuel de Champlain arrives in Quebec
    In the year 1541, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first to arrive in Quebec. He attempted to set up a French colony in Quebec, but failed....Read MORE...

  • 1617 - Louis Hébert, an apothecary who had stayed at Port Royal twice, brings his wife and children to Québec, thus becoming the first true habitant (permanent settler supporting his family from the soil).

  • 1639 - Hôtel-Dieu de Québec was founded by Augustinians
    Father Paul Le Jeune made a call in 1635 for women to help evangelize the Indians in the New World. The Superior of the Jesuit Mission’s plan was for ...Read MORE...

  • 1647 - Notre-Dame de Québec Cathedral is constructed
    Built on the site of the first chapel constructed by Champlain in 1633, Notre-Dame de Québec Church was erected in 1647 and was called...Read MORE...

  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
    16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
    Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
  • 1650 - September 1: Father Gabriel Druillettes (1610-1681) departed Quebec for Boston to establish an alliance with New England against the Iroquois, but he was unsuccessful. 2010/ 04/ 20/ a-history-of-french-canada- 1650-to-1669/

  • 1652 - Kebec
    Kebec is 120 miles upstream from Tadusac and is a fortress of the French. It is constructed upon a mountain, at the narrowest point of this St....Read MORE...

  • 1660 - Shoes (Quebec)
    The Jesuits claim the engage system was originated some time before this date to increase the population of Quebec. Their terms of employment were 3 ...Read MORE...

  • 1663 - The Great Earthquake (Quebec)
    February 5: Just before the Great Earthquake, Quebec was in carnival, orgies, drinking bouts, and dances, not to speak of some things more serious,...Read MORE...

  • 1664 - Bathing and such (Quebec)
    At this time the colonists rarely bathe, believing a bath would cause colic, headaches and vertigo. This European tradition usually resulted in a...Read MORE...

  • 1665 - December 13: A peace treaty with the Iroquois is made in Quebec.
    ...1664 was also the year when Louis XIV decided on a final solution to Canada's Iroquois problem. He sent the famous Carignan regiment of troops...Read MORE...

  • 1665 - Notable citizens of Quebec
    ...Michel Filion and Pierre Duquet, notaries; Jean Madry, surgeon to the king's majesty; Jean Le Mire, the future syndic des habitants; Madame...Read MORE...

  • On June 30, 1665, Companies of the Carignan-Saliere Regiment arrived in New France. This contingent consisted of 1,200 soldiers who set out to conquer the Iroquois territories further south.

    History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.

  • 1666 - January 9 - M. de Courcelles started from Quebec with 300 men from the regiment of Carignan-Salieres and 200 volunteers, habitants,
    using sledges drawn by mastiff dogs, for Fort St. Theresa, nine miles above the present village of Chambly, The weather was so severe that the...Read MORE...

  • 1667 - February 4 - The officers of the Carignan Regiment gave a ball at Quebec the first given in Canada, sixty years after the founding of the colony.
    After the coming of the Carignan Regiment, there was a decline in the standard of morals.
    Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909

  • 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
    October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La...Read MORE...

  • 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
    September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700...Read MORE...

  • 1676 - Quebec
    October 13: Quebec at this time is a very pretty village being divided into Upper and Lower village. The Lower Village contain warehouses and the...Read MORE...

  • Until the year 1682, the houses in the Lower Town (of Quebec) were of wood.
    On the 5th August, in that year, a fire took place which consumed the whole of the buildings, except one house. All the merchandise in the stores,...Read MORE...

  • 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

  • 1698 - October 14 - New France census shows: 1,460 houses in the city of Québec, 1,988 inhabiants todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_14

  • 1700 (Quebec)
    The French population in the Colony of Canada numbered about fifteen thousand. The Crown ceded almost all the riverfront; from Quebec to Montreal....Read MORE...

  • 1709 - Quebec merchants establish a Chamber of Commerce for the first time. Prior to this time meetings or public assemblies were not allowed. public/ dgarneau/ french27.htm

  • 1711 - Québec Expedition
    The Québec Expedition was a British attempt to attack Québec during Queen Anne's War. On July 30, a fleet of ships set sail from Boston,...Read MORE...

  • News 1733 - May 29 - The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld at Quebec City.
    May 29, 1733

  • 1737 - A road is completed between Quebec and Montreal.
    The Chemin du Roy was the first road linking Quebec City to Montreal. Today the old roads which where established in 1737, serves as a tourist route, ...Read MORE...

  • 1743 - Several people are crushed to death at the bakers shop in Quebec due to scarcity of food in New France. public/ dgarneau/ french33.htm

  • 1759 - British troops defeated French troops in Battle of Plains of Abraham near Quebec City

    Québec a Nation History (Part 15) (

  • 1759 - Quebec Falls
    In the year 1759, Quebec was conquered by the British forces, and the various foreign policies threatened French-Canadian culture and their...Read MORE...

  • 1775 - American Occupation
    April 17: In Lexington, Massachusetts, the New England rebellion begins, and the rebel leader, George Washington, is determined to seize Quebec...Read MORE...

  • 1807 - St. Andrew's Church is constructed in Québec City.

  • 1832 - June - Immigrants with Cholera land at Quebec. By September the disease will kill 3,800 there. timeline.asp

  • 1832 - QUEBEC CITY
    ...It may, however be stated here that Quebec is the capital not only of the province of Lower Canada, but of the whole of the British dominions in...Read MORE...

  • Québec City had two fires, on 28 May and 28 June 1845, which killed at least 23 and left 15,000–18,000 people homeless.
    The old walled section and Lower Town were spared, but the surviving city was smaller than that captured by James Wolfe 86 years earlier. The city...Read MORE...

  • News 1866 - THE QUEBEC FIRE. Twenty-three Hundred Buildings Destroyed - Six Persons Known to Have Been Burned to Death - Public Meeting in Quebec - Contributions Solicited.
    QUEBEC, Tuesday, Oct. 16. The Mayor of Quebec issued a proclamation yesterday morning for a meeting to be held last evening, to devise means to...Read MORE...

  • News 1868 - Quebec believes that it suffers more from street beggers than any other city on the globe.

    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    September 5, 1868

  • 1871 - J.A. Moisan Epicier dating back to 1871 (Quebec City) is the oldest grocery store in North America. 22149/ 30-fun-weird-interesting-facts-quebec-city/

  • 1873
    QUEBEC, after Montreal the most populous city in the Dominion of Canada, capital of the province of Quebec, is situated on the left bank of the River ...Read MORE...

  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Quebec, 1874

  • 1887 - The first provincial Premiers' conference takes place in Québec City.

  • 1888 - Steamship Missing
    ...At Quebec, the gale is raging furiously and the iron ferry boats that ply between that point and Point Lewis are caught in the ice, which...Read MORE...

  • 1889 - Rockslide in Quebec City killed 45 people webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm

  • 1893 - Château Frontenac opens in Québec City

  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Chateau Frontenac, Quebec City
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    The Quebec Caleche
  • Québec, Québec, Canada

  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    City Hall. Hotel De Ville. Quebec. Canada.
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    General View of Quebec City from Levis
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Rue De La Fabrique, Quebec
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Little Champlain Street - Petite Rue Champlain - Quebec, Canada
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Place d'Armes, Quebec, P.Q., Canada
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    St. Louis Gate, City of Quebec, Canada.
  • Québec, Québec, Canada
    Mountain Hill, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1902 - The first symphony orchestra in Canada is created in Quebec City. timeline.asp

  • News 1907 - August 29 – The partially completed superstructure of the Quebec Bridge collapses entirely, claiming the lives of 76 workers.
    August 29, 1907

  • News 1914 - Severe Earthquake is Felt in Canada
    Quebec, Feb. 14. - An earthquake shock was felt all over the city and district of Quebec at 5:40 a. m., to-day. The shock was violent enough to wake...Read MORE...

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Notre Dame De Quebec Basilica-Cathedral

Updated: 4/29/2019 9:21:31 AM

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