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immigrant Fille a Marier flag   Marguerite  GAULIN

  (b. 14 May 1627, France   d. 15 January 1703Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France )  
Summary: Marguerite GAULIN was born 14 May 1627 in , France. Marguerite GAULIN was the child of

Marguerite was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1654.

She married  Jean CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) 13 September 1654 in Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 7 children. Jean CRÊSTE (CRÊTE)  was born 8 November 1626 in , France .  He died 4 March 1717 in Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport) . 

Marguerite GAULIN died 15 January 1703 in Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France .
Notes:
daughter of Vincent Gaulin and Marie Bonnemer


Details of the life of Marguerite appear below.
About Marguerite
Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart for Marguerite
Family Group Record Family Group Record for Marguerite
Inventions Inventions during the lifetime of Marguerite
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Did You Know? Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know? Quebec - Did you know? Women in New France worked very hard. They had to take care of the house, cook for the family, take care of the younger children. Sometimes women had 15 children or more. Women made clothes for the family using cloth that she spun.

teacherweb.com/ ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport) - View in the Neighbourhood of Beauport, near Quebec ( Quebec ) 1840
Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1956-62-99
www.collectionscanada.gc.ca
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
View in the Neighbourhood of Beauport, near... Read MORE...
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport) - Old French Cottage, Beauport, Que.
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
Old French Cottage, Beauport, Que.
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport) - Old House, Beauport, Que.
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
Old House, Beauport, Que.
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport) - Looking across the Esplanade to Beauport.
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
Looking across the Esplanade to Beauport.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

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Marguerite GAULIN married immigrant flag  Jean CRÊSTE (CRÊTE)-- Date: 13 September 1654  Place: Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France


Children:
flag  Louis CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.6 May 1656, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 21 August 1685, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

flag  Marie-Anne-Josèphte CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.October 6, 1657, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 9 November 1722, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag  Marguerite CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.27 March 1659, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag  Françoise CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.20 July 1660, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 29 November 1702, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag  Marguerite CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.30 March 1663, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 12 October 1734, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

flag  Marie CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.16 February 1668, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France   d. November 1724, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag  Pierre CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) (b.19 August 1671, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 15 November 1719, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France )


Events, Pictures and Documents Related to the Lifetime of Marguerite GAULIN

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Birth
14 May 1627
, France

Canada 1629-1631: Quebec is in English hands, and most settlers return to France.
The adventurer David Kirke takes Québec for Britain (July 19, 1629).
fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1632 - The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye enables France to regain possession of Canada.


News In 1634, Robert Giffard received the seigneury of Beauport from the COMPAGNIE DES CENT-ASSOCIÉS.
thecanadianencyclopedia.com/ en/ article/ beauport/

January 15, 1634 - Robert de Moncel Giffard...Read MORE...


Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)


Canada 1634-40 - The Huron nation is reduced by half from European diseases (smallpox epidemic, 1639).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars
Also known as the Beaver Wars.

Encouraged and armed by their Dutch and English trading partners, ...Read MORE...


Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


News 1645 - First religious service held in Beauport
The first known mention of a religious service in Beauport was in 1645 in the manor house of Robert ...Read MORE...


Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1654 Marriage / Partner
Marguerite GAULIN and Jean CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) 13 September 1654 , Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
1656 Birth of Child
Louis CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 6 May 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1657 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne-Josèphte CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born October 6, 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.


1659 Birth of Child
Marguerite CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 27 March 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Françoise CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 20 July 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
News On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his...Read MORE...


News 1662 - Church built in Beauport
The first place of worship in Beauport dates back to 1662 according to the records of the parish of ...Read MORE...


Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


1663 Birth of Child
Marguerite CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 30 March 1663, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
News 1666 Census - There were 185 people living at Beauport

www.canadiangenealogy.net/ chronicles/ new_france.htm -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe ...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Marie CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 16 February 1668, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Pierre CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) was born 19 August 1671, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)
Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News 1673 - The mission Beauport de la Province de Quebec is established this year.

www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french21.htm -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended....Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1685 Death of Child
Louis CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) died 21 August 1685, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake...Read MORE...


World History 1689 - William & Mary assume English throne. Peter the Great assumes Russian throne.


News 1690 - October 18 - William Phips starts bombarding Québec with 37 ships and 2,200 men, after Count Frontenac refused to surrender; shelling has little effect, and after a defeat at Beauport on the 21st, the English retreat.

canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_18 -

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

News In 1698, 444 French colonists settled just east of Rivière Beauport, attracted by the flour mill and agricultural land.

www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...


Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1702 Death of Child
Françoise CRÊSTE (CRÊTE) died 29 November 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Death
15 January 1703
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)

Added: 6/3/2010 9:16:47 PM

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