immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier flag   Jean  GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN

  (b. 12 December 1639 Périgueux, France   d. bef. 15 September 1694 Saint-Ours, Canada, New France )  

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Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN was born 12 December 1639 in Périgueux, France . Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN was the child of Jean GAZAILLE and

Jean was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Jeanne TOUZE 8 October 1668 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Jeanne TOUZE  was born 17 November 1640 in France.  She died 3 July 1726 in Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur). 

Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN died bef. 15 September 1694 in Saint-Ours, Canada, New France .

Occupation: Carignan-Salières soldier - Contrecoeur Company corporal

Details of the family tree of Jean appear below.
About Jean - Family History
Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Inventions
Genealogy research for Jean (on other sites)
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Did You Know? Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Tobacco was used freely in New France. Nearly every farmer planted tobacco near his home. Men and...Read MORE...

Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)
Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (
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Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren) of Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN

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Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN married immigrant Fille du Roi flag  Jeanne TOUZE-- Date: 8 October 1668 Place: Québec, Canada, New France


flag  Jeanne GAZAILLE dite ST-GERMAIN (b.abt. 1671, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 16 April 1747, Laval, Canada, New France )
m. René CHOLET dit ST-PAUL abt. 1704

flag  Marie-Marthe GAZAILLE dite ST-GERMAIN (b.28 December 1675, Boucherville, Canada, New France   d. 21 March 1734, Contrecœur, Canada, New France )
m. Gilles BOURGAULT dit LACROIX 5 September 1694

flag  Barbe GAZAILLE (b.8 March 1678, Contrecœur, Canada, New France   d. ,  )

flag  Jean-François GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN (b.abt. 1680, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 7 June 1760, Saint-Denis-sur-Richelieu, Canada)
m. Catherine BRUNET dite LASABLONNIÈRE 15 February 1711

flag  Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN (b.3 March 1683, Contrecœur, Canada, New France   d. 21 November 1760, Contrecœur, Canada )
m. Marie-Anne FAVREAU 26 July 1716
m. Madeleine DUPUIS 03 July 1726

Events, Pictures and Documents Related to the Genealogy of Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN

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1681 Census - Contrecoeur, Quebec
(CANADA) - Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967
12 December 1639
Périgueux, France (Perigueux)

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars

Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18).

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation.

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer


Gazaille, Jean (Saint-Germain), Company: Contrecoeur
The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

1668 Marriage / Partner
Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN and Jeanne TOUZE 8 October 1668, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Carignan-Salières Regiment Officers and Soldiers (who married Filles du Roi)

Gazaille, Jean, dit St-Germaine, m. Jeanne Touze, 08 Oct. 1668
Corporal, Company: Contrecoeurr

The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

1675 Birth of Child
Marie-Marthe GAZAILLE dite ST-GERMAIN was born 28 December 1675, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville)
1678 Birth of Child
Barbe GAZAILLE was born 8 March 1678, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur)

1681 Census Contrecoeur

(CANADA) - Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967

1683 Birth of Child
Jean GAZAILLE dit ST-GERMAIN was born 3 March 1683, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur)

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre

World History 1689 - William & Mary assume English throne. Peter the Great assumes Russian throne.

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)


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