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Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" BARTON
1881 - The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton.

In 1881, the American Red Cross was established by Clara Barton, a pioneering nurse and humanitarian. Drawing inspiration from her experiences during the American Civil War and her observations of the International Red Cross in Europe, Barton sought to create a national organization dedicated to providing emergency assistance, disaster relief, and education in the United States. The foundation of the American Red Cross marked a significant advancement in the nation's approach to disaster response and medical aid, embodying principles of neutrality, impartiality, and voluntary service. Clara Barton's leadership and vision transformed the landscape of American philanthropy and public health, setting a precedent for organized, compassionate aid that continues to this day.

At a meeting this evening, largely attended by prominent citizens and those actively interested in beneficent organizations, a constitution was adopted as a basis of an organization to be known as the Red Cross Society. Judge Wm. Lawrence presided. Mrs. Clara Barton, prominently identified with sanitary and hospital work during the civil war, and conspicuous during the Franco-Prussian war as one of the Red Cross representatives, read a paper showing the scope and efficiency of red cross societies in countries where the order is recognized by government and accorded the powers and privileges which are asked for it in the United States. Several of the Cabinet officers and many of the highest army officers are very warm supporters of the cause, notable Secretaries Blaine, Windom and Lincoln, Generals Sherman, Grant, Sheridan and others.

Lawrence Daily Journal
Lawrence, Kansas
May 22, 1881

Birthplace of Clara Barton, The World's Greatest Nurse, North Oxford, Mass.

1918 Red Cross ad
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World War II Red Cross ad
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Learn more about the life of US Civil War Soldiers flag photo of Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" BARTON   Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" BARTON.

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