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flag  History of Colchester, Vermont, USA

Journey back in time to Colchester, Vermont, USA

(Malletts Bay)

Visit Colchester, Vermont, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Colchester, Vermont, USA - Rock Island, Mallets Bay (Fishermans Paradise) on Lake Champlain, Vt.

Colchester, Chittenden, Vermont, USA

Colchester was chartered on June 7, 1763. Colchester was first settled by Ira and Ethan Allen and their cousin, Remember Baker. Ira Allen was the first Town Clerk. The population was 17,067 at the 2010 census making Colchester the fourth-largest town in Vermont by population.



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There is MUCH more to discover about Colchester, Vermont, USA. Read on!

Colchester Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Rock Island, Mallets Bay (Fisherman's Paradise) on Lake Champlain, Vt.
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Rock Island, Mallets Bay (Fisherman's Paradise) on Lake Champlain, Vt.
Fort Ethan Allen
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Fort Ethan Allen
Nourse's Place, Mallett's Bay Beach, Vermont, on Lake Champlain
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Nourse's Place, Mallett's Bay Beach, Vermont, on Lake Champlain
Grand View Motel
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Grand View Motel
Bayside and Malletts Bay, Lake Champlain
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Bayside and Malletts Bay, Lake Champlain
Nourse's, Malletts Bay Beach, Vermont
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Nourse's, Malletts Bay Beach, Vermont
Clarey's Recreation Center, Mallets Bay, Vt., 1940s
Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Clarey's Recreation Center, Mallets Bay, Vt., 1940s

Discover Colchester: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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1763 - Colchester was one of the New Hampshire grants, and was chartered June 7, 1763, to Edward Burling and sixty-six associates.
History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1791 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 137

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1791 - The town of Colchester was organized in 1791, though the first town meeting on record was held March 18, 1793.
At this meeting Joshua STANTON was elected moderator and treasurer; Joshua STANTON, jr., town clerk; William MUNSON, constable; John LAW and Thomas HILL, selectmen. Thomas BUTTERFIELD was the first representative, elected in 1785; and the first justice of the peace, appointed in 1787. The population of Colchester as its organization was 137.

History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1800 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 347

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1804 - The First Congregational Church of Colchester, located at the Center, was organized September 14, 1804, in a school-house then standing near the village.
History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1810 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 657

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1820 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 960

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1820 - The First Baptist Church of Colchester, located at the Center, was organized January 19, 1820, with eight members.
The Rev. Phineas COLVER was the first pastor.

History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1824 - The First Methodist Church of Colchester is located at the Center.
In 1824 the few Methodists in town met together and held public worship with the Congregationalists and Baptists in an old school-house standing on the site of the present academy building... The first meeting-house was built in 1839; it was constructed of brick and cost $1,500.

History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1830 - Dunbar's Hotel, one mile east of Winooski village, was built by Arad MERRILL in 1830.
He kept the house some twelve years, when his son Andrew succeeded him. In 1878 Frank J. DUNBAR purchased the property, and has since that time been proprietor. The building is two and one-half stories, and will accommodate about eighty guests. Numbers of summer boarders stop with Mr. DUNBAR every season.

History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1830 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 1,489

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1839 - Colchester
Colchester, Vermont
Chittenden county, is pleasantly situated at the head of a bay on the E. side of lake Champlain, 36 miles N.W. from Montpelier, and 6 N. from Burlington. This town is well watered by Onion river, and some smaller streams. Colchester has some good and some poor land, some trade on the lake, and about 4,000 sheep. First settled by Gen. Ira Allen in 1774. Population, 1830, 1,489.
The New England Gazetteer containing descriptions of all the states, counties and towns in New England: also descriptions of the principal mountains, rivers lakes, capes, bays, harbors, islands and fashionable resorts within that territory. By John Hayward, author of the Columbian Traveller, Religious Creeds, &c. &c. Boston: John Hayward. Boyd & White, Concord, N.H. 1839
1840 - Population of Colchester, Vermont - 1,739

A gazetteer of Vermont... by John Hayward Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason 1849
1849 Colchester
Chittenden Co. There are two small ponds in this town. The largest contains about sixty acres. On the outlet to this pond are still seen the remains of beavers' works. The principal streams of this town are, the River Lamoille, which runs from Milton through the north-west corner into Lake Champlain ; Mallet's Creek, which also comes from Milton, and empties into Mallet's Bay; Indian Creek, which runs into Mallet's Creek ; and Winooski River, on the south. The soil in the north and north-western parts is a variety of gravel and loam, and is well adapted to grazing, though Indian corn, the English grains, and the common culinary roots, are successfully cultivated. The timber in these parts is principally white pine, beech, maple, birch, basswood, ash, elm, oak, walnut, butternut, and some chestnut. In the middle part of the town is a large tract of pine plain, mostly covered with pitch pine and small oaks, and seems more particularly adapted to the raising of rye and corn. On the... Read MORE...

1859
COLCHESTER, a township of Chittenden co., in the state of Vermont, U.S., 46 m. SW of Montpelier, indented on the W by Mallet's bay, and arm of Lake Champlain, and watered by Lamoille and Onion rivers. Pop. in 1840, 1,739; Partly in this town is the flourishing village of Winooski.

A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge, Volume 2 Publisher A. Fullarton, 1859
1871 - THOMPSON's Mills, one-half mile east of Colchester Center, were erected in 1871 by R. P. THOMPSON. Mr. THOMPSON here runs a saw-mill, a grist-mill, and a cider-mill.
History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1881 - The Mallet's Bay post-office was established here in 1881. Reuben W. THAYER is postmaster.
History of Chittenden County, Vermont With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers
Edited By W. S. Rann, Syracuse, N. Y.
D. Mason & Co., Publishers, 1886
1883 - RAILWAY DISASTERS. Serious Smash-up on the Central Vermont Line.
[Special Dispatch to The Boston Journal]

ST. ALBANS, Vt., Sept. 2. - A serious accident occurred on the Central Vermont Railroad Saturday night at Colchester, where two passenger trains collided and thirteen trainmen received more or less severe injuries. The trains in collision were the fast Chicago express, leaving Boston at 1 o'clock Saturday afternoon, and the New York bound night express, leaving Montreal at 3 P. M. The Boston train consisted of a baggage car, the Pullman parlor Sultana, the White Mountain parlor car and a passenger coach, drawn by the engine B. P. Cheney. The New York Express consisted of a combination baggage and mail car, a Wagner sleeper and a passenger coach with the engine Colonel Merrill. Both trains were due at Colchester at 8 o'clock, and had the usual orders to meet at that station. The New York train arrived on time, and had come to a stop at the upper switch, for the purpose of setting off on the siding to allow the Boston express to pass. At this... Read MORE...

1886 Colchester
There are two villages in town, Colchester Center and Winooski, besides a number of houses at Colchester Station. Upon the "north bend" of Mallet's Bay there are about forty farm houses, and about seventy upon the "south bend."

Colchester Center is a quiet little hamlet containing a town-house, three blacksmith shops, a cider-mill, one store, post-office, and three churches -in all about twenty-five houses. R. J. WHITE does a general business here in dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes, country produce, feed and land plaster; amounting to $7,000 per year. He began business in 1884, and is the only merchant in town out of Winooski.

Winooski, one of the busiest villages in the State, and the largest in Chittenden county, lies in the southern part of the township, upon Winooski River. The water-power here afforded by the fall in the river is extensive, and was early utilized. It was here that Ira ALLEN built his first saw-mills after the Revolution. The settlement that began with ... Read MORE...

1886 - Colchester
The township of Colchester is bounded on the north by Milton, on the east by Essex, on the south by the city of Burlington and town of South Burlington, and on the west by Lake Champlain. The surface of the town is generally rolling without any great elevations, although along the banks of Winooski River there are long tracts of intervale land. On the lake shore there are numbers of sharp bluffs. Along Winooski River the landscape in places is grand, especially at the "High Bridge," about one-half of a mile above the village of Winooski, where the swift current of the river has cut through the solid rock ninety feet in depth and seventy in breadth, leaving the rugged walls upon either side.

Mallet's Bay indents the township between the mouth of Winooski River and Milton, covering some 3,040 acres. Here the shore, rising abruptly on the one side, and the forest coming down to meet the water on the other, are fair to see. Colchester Pond in the eastern part of the township is... Read MORE...

1895 - Colchester
Colchester, a post-hamlet of Chittenden co., Vt., in Colchester township, 1 mile from the Central Vermont Rail road, and about 6 miles N.E. of Burlington. Colchester Station is 20 miles S. of St. Albans. The township is bounded on the N.W. by Lake Champlain, and contains a village named Winooski Falls, which is on the Winooski River. It has a bank and manufactures of cotton, wool, flour, &c. Pop. 5143.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
1908 - Little Boy Played "Buffalo Bill"
A shooting accident that came near resulting fatally occurred at the home of Mr. and Mrs. William Coats at Mallets Bay Tuesday, when Gardner Bartholomew, aged 10 years, shot William Coats, Jr., a child of four, in the head with a ball from a 32-calibre revolver. The ball struck the boy on the side of the head near the right temple, making a flesh wound two inches in length, though not deep, as the bullet struck the skull and glanced off. No serious results are anticipated.

the pistol was owned by Chester Prim, a young man in the employ of Mr. Coats. Prim goes home every night, half a mile away, and as he had been told that he might meet a lynx or bear on the way he bought a revolver and had been carrying it for some time.

The day of the accident, the children at the Coats home were playing in the yard. Young Bartholomew found the revolver in Prim's coat which hung on a nail in the shed, and immediately set out to play "Buffalo Bill." He pointed the weapon at the little girl,... Read MORE...

1916
Colchester, a post-village of Chittenden co., Vt., in Colchester township (town), 6 miles NE. of Burlington. The town is bounded on the NW. by Lake Champlain, and contains Winooski village, which is on the Winooski River. Pop. of the town in 1900, 5352 ; of the village, about 200.
Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher
2023 - Here's a list of places to visit and things to do in Colchester:
Lake Champlain: Colchester is located on the shores of Lake Champlain, offering excellent opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and picnicking. The Bayside Park and Airport Park are great spots to access the lake.

Biking and Hiking: Explore the town's beautiful landscapes by biking or hiking. The Colchester Causeway offers a unique experience, with a scenic bike path that extends out onto Lake Champlain.

Niquette Bay State Park: This state park is a hidden gem with hiking trails, swimming areas, and stunning views of Lake Champlain. It's perfect for a day of outdoor adventure.

Malletts Bay: This bay is a popular destination for water sports enthusiasts. You can rent kayaks, paddleboards, or sailboats and spend the day on the water.

Burlington Bike Path: Just a short drive away in neighboring Burlington, this path offers a scenic ride along Lake Champlain with views of the Adirondack Mountains. It's ideal for biking, walking, or running.

Vermont National Wildlife ... Read MORE...

Discover MY Roots: Colchester Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Colchester, Vermont, USA

We currently have information about 117 ancestors who were born or died in Colchester.

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Ancestors Who Were Married in Colchester, Vermont, USA

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Ancestors buried in Colchester - Cemeteries in Colchester, Vermont, USA

Mallet's Bay Cemetery

Genealogy Resources for Colchester

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Updated: 9/22/2023 9:09:23 AM