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Colchester, Vermont, USA (Malletts Bay)
Chittenden Co. There are two small ponds in this town. The largest contains about sixty acres. On the outlet to this pond are still seen the remains of beavers' works. The principal streams of this town are, the River Lamoille, which runs from Milton through the north-west corner into Lake Champlain ; Mallet's Creek, which also comes from Milton, and empties into Mallet's Bay; Indian Creek, which runs into Mallet's Creek ; and Winooski River, on the south. The soil in the north and north-western parts is a variety of gravel and loam, and is well adapted to grazing, though Indian corn, the English grains, and the common culinary roots, are successfully cultivated. The timber in these parts is principally white pine, beech, maple, birch, basswood, ash, elm, oak, walnut, butternut, and some chestnut. In the middle part of the town is a large tract of pine plain, mostly covered with pitch pine and small oaks, and seems more particularly adapted to the raising of rye and corn. On the bank of the Winooski River are large tracts of intervale. Besides the ordinary methods of enriching the soil, plaster of Paris has been used in this town with great success. The rocks in the northern and eastern parts are mostly composed of lime and slate, with occasional boulders of granite ; red sand stone is found in abundance near Mallet's Bay. Iron ore has been found in small quantities in the western part of the town, and sulphate of iron is found in the northeastern part.
Boundaries. North by Milton, east by Essex, south by Wmooski River,
which separates it from Burlington and Williston, and west by Lake Champlain.
First Settlers. The settlement of this town was commenced in 1774, at the Lower Falls on Winooski or Onion River, by Ira Allen and Remember Baker. Baker's family, consisting of a wife and three children, was the first in town...
A gazetteer of Vermont, containing descriptions of all the counties, towns, and districts in the state; and of all its principal mountains, rivers, waterfalls, harbors, islands, and curious places. To which are added, statistical accounts of its agriculture, commerce and manufactures; with ... other useful information
by John Hayward
Boston - Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason
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