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HELP! flag male ancestor  François  MARCHAND

  (b. 13 November 1644 France   d. )  

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MARCHAND Family Genealogy

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François MARCHAND was born 13 November 1644 in France. François MARCHAND was the child of ?   and   ?

François was an immigrant, arriving by 1669.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

François  married  Madeleine GROLEAU 30 September 1669 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Madeleine GROLEAU  was born abt. 1653 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France.  Madeleine died 5 September 1703 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City). 

Occupation: habitant



son of Louis Marchand and Francoise Morineau

Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

François MARCHAND was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
  • 1644 Birth
    13 November 1644
    , France
  • François MARCHAND
    pinterest
    Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life... Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church. Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
    Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia
  • 1669 Marriage / Partner
    François MARCHAND and Madeleine GROLEAU 30 September 1669, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1671 Birth of Child
    Marie-Anne MARCHAND was born 29 April 1671, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1678 Birth of Child
    Louis MARCHAND was born 10 February 1678, Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy)
  • 1688 Birth of Child
    Marie-Madeleine MARCHAND was born 25 April 1688, Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy)


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Added: 12/12/2014 10:41:14 AM - Updated: 6/15/2015 1:11:23 PM

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Genealogy research for Francois Marchand (on other sites)

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