Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA - 1854 - Harrisburg
Harrisburg city, capital of Pennsylvania, and sent of justice of Dauphin county, is delightfully situated on the E. bank of the Susquehanna river, 100 miles W. by N. from Philadelphia, and 110 miles N. by E. from Washington. Lat. 40° 16' N. Lon , 76° 50' W. The Pennsylvania railroad connects at this point with the Lancaster and Harrisburg railroad. The Lebanon Valley railroad now in progress leads from Harrisburg to Reading, and the Cumberland Valley railroad extends in the opposite direction. The site is an elevated plain between the river and Paxton creek. The public buildings belonging to the state occupy an eminence in the N. part of the town. The capitol is a handsome brick building 180 feet long by 80 wide, having a circular portico in front, supported by six Ionic columns, and surmounted by a dome. The latter affords a delightful view of the broad river, studded with verdant islands, and spanned by handsome bridges, with the Kittatinny mountain in the background. On each side of the capitol is a smaller building, uniform in design, containing the executive chamber, the state treasury, &c. Harris burg also contains an arsenal of the state, a fine county prison of cut stone, one bank, a savings institution, about 12 churches, a Masonic hall, and a Lancasterian school. One daily and 8 weekly newspapers are published here. The city is freely supplied with pure river water distributed through iron pipes. Among the manufactories of this place are 2 extensive iron furnaces, a rolling mill, and several breweries and potteries. Harrisburg was founded by John Harris, in 178-5, and incorporated in 1808. It became the capital of the state in 1812. Population in 1840, 5980, in 1860, 7834, and in 1853, about 8500.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ... Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) Joseph Thomas January 1, 1854 Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.
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