Kingston, Ulster County, New York, USA (Esopus) - 1854 - Kingston / Ulster County
Kingston, a post-township of Ulster co., New York, on the W. side of Hudson river. Pop., including Kingston village, 10,232.
Kingston, a flourishing post-village, capital of Ulster co.. New York, on Esopus creek, 8 miles from the Hudson river, and 55 miles 8. by W. from Albany. It contains churches of 4 or 5 denominations, 2 banks, 2 or 3 newspaper offices, an academy, and several factories.
New York, has an area of about 1150 square miles. It is bounded on the E. by the Hudson river, and is drained by Rondout, Walkill, Neversink, and Shawangunk rivers, and by Esopus creek, which supply motive-power. The surface is generally uneven and mountainous, the Catskill and Shawangunk ridges traversing the county. The soil is usually productive where not too rugged for cultivation. Indian corn, oats, potatoes, and grass are the staples. In 1850 this county produced 333,057 bushels of corn ; 827,899 of oats; 234,324 of potatoes; 67,407 tons of hay, and 1.211,650 pounds of butter. There were 41 flour mills, 90 saw mills, 3 paper mills, 2 powder mills, 8 hydraulic cement factories, 1 cotton and 4 woollen factories, and 37 tanneries. It contained 81 churches, 5 newspaper offices, 8389 pupils attending public schools, and 557 attending academies and other schools. Iron ore, limestone, slate, and marl are abundant, and lead, plumbago, coal, and alum have been found. The Hudson river is navigable for ships along intersected by the Delaware and Hudson canal. Named from Ulster, a province in Ireland. Capital, Kingston. Population, 69,384.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ... Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) Joseph Thomas January 1, 1854 Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.
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