Columbia, South Carolina, USA - 1854 - Columbia
Columbia city, capital of South Carolina, and sent of justice of Richland district, on the left or E. bank of the Congaree river, immediately below the confluence of the Saluda and Broad, 124 miles N. N. W. from Charles ton, and 500 miles from Washington. Lat. 33° 57' N., Ion. 81° 7' W. It is pleasantly situated on a plain, and regularly laid out, with streets about 100 feet wide, bordered with ornamental trees. The greater number of the dwellings are of wood, and others are of brick. Columbia is the seat of South Carolina College, founded by the state in 1804, and liberally endowed. It has 8 professors, and a library of 17,000 volumes. The main buildings are of brick, 210 feet long, 25 feet wide, and 3 stories high. The other public buildings are the State house, 170 feet long by 60 wide, court house, 8 banks, a market house, the Insane Asylum, and churches of the Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Baptists, and Methodists. The Insane Asylum is richly endowed, and well conducted, under the charge of the state. It had, in 1851, 176 patients. The building is one of the most splendid in the city. Columbia also contains several academies, a theological seminary founded by the Presbyterians in 1831, and 4 newspaper offices, besides a number of other printing offices. It is at the head of steamboat navigation, and the terminus of three railroads,connecting it with Charleston. Augusta, &c, namely, the Columbia Branch, the Greenville and Columbia, and the Charlotte and South Carolina railroad. Population, in 1850, 6060.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ... Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) Joseph Thomas January 1, 1854 Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.
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