Memphis, Tennessee, USA - 1906
Memphis, a city and capital of Shelby co., Tenn., is beautifully situated on the Mississippi River, just below the mouth of the Wolf River and on the 4th Chickasaw Bluff, 209 miles WSW. of Nashville and 820 miles above New Orleans. Lat. 35° 8' N. ; lon. 90° 5' W. It is an important railroad centre, the Illinois Central, the Louisville and Nashville, the Southern and several other roads converging here. It is the most populous and important town on the river between St. Louis and New Orleans. The bluff on which it stands is elevated 40-50 feet above high-water mark and its base is washed by the river for a distance of 3 miles. The city, which is beautifully parked, has a number of imposing or conspicuous public buildings, as the cotton exchange, merchants' exchange, custom-house, hospitals, opera-house, auditorium, etc., and among educational institutions the Christian Brothers' College, St. Agnes Academy, Cossett Free Library, Le Moyne Normal Institute, the Memphis Hospital Medical College, etc. Memphis is the most important cotton mart in the interior of the United States, distributing a million bales annually. Its cotton seed oil industry is also of the first importance and the city holds an important position as a distributer of groceries, grain and produce, shoes, and lumber. It has foundries and machine-shops and manufactories of clothing, tobacco, agricultural implements, cars, chemicals, etc. The river is deep enough to float the largest ship of war from this place to its mouth and the navigation is open in all seasons of the year. It is crossed by a magnificent iron railroad bridge, completed in 1892. Pop. in 1850, 8841 ; in 1860, 22,623; in 1870, 40,226; in 1880, 33,592; in 1890, 64,495 ; in 1900, 102,320. Elevation above the sea, 200 feet.
Lippincott's New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns ... in Every Portion of the Globe Publisher J.B. Lippincott Company, 1906
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