Portsmouth, a city, port of entry, and semi-capital of Rockingham co., N.H., 58 miles N. by E. of Boston, is situated on the right bank of the Piscataqua River, about 3 miles from the ocean, and on the Boston and Maine R. Lat. 43° 6' N. ; Ion. 70° 45' W. This city, the only seaport of the state, is built on a beautiful peninsula, formed by the Piscataqua River, and has a capacious, deep, and easily accessible harbor. It stands on a gentle acclivity overlooking the harbor and is distinguished for its healthy atmosphere, fine gardens, and profusion of shade-trees. The principal public buildings are the Athenaeum (with a library and museum), custom-house, city building, music hall, and St. John's and other churches. The chief object of interest is the Kittery United States navy-yard, on Continental (or Fernald's) Island, near the E. side of the river and con nected by bridge with the village of Kittery, Me. It con tains 3 immense ship-houses and a large floating balance- dock. The " North America," the first ship-of-the-line launched in the Western Hemisphere, was built on Badger's Island, in this harbor, during the Revolution, and it was also in this navy-yard that the "Kcarsarge" was built. Portsmouth has less commerce now than formerly, though it is still the centre of an important trade, both foreign and coastwise. Manufacturing is not very extensively carried on. The leading articles of manufacture ore buttons, shoes, paper, and malted liquors. Portsmouth is the birthplace of T. B. Aldrich. The treaty of peace between Russia and Japan was signed here Sept. 5, 1905. Pop. in 1850, 9739 ; in 1880, 9690 ; in 1900, 10,637.
Lippincott's New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns ... in Every Portion of the Globe Publisher J.B. Lippincott Company, 1906
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