Deerfield, Massachusetts, USA (South Deerfield) - 1704 - February 29 - French forces from Quebec and Native American forces under the command of Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville attacked the village of Deerfield, Massachusetts.
February 29, 1704 - Queen Anne's War - Deerfield Massacre - Major Jean-Baptiste de Rouville and his four brothers attack and burn an English settlement at Salmon Falls in the Connecticut River valley with a band of 250 French and Abenaki Indians, killing 43 civilians and capturing over 100; the attack was in part a religious crusade to retrieve a French church bell acquired by the Indians of New France that had been captured by a privateer, taken to Salem and sold to the people of Deerfield, who apparently were unaware of its origins; the captive English English settlers were forced to march 370 km north to Canada. Colonel Church will later attack Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, in retaliation for this guerrilla warfare; the Deerfield church bell is eventually taken to the Saut St-Louis (Caughnawaga) mission on the St. Lawrence, across from Lachine, where it still hangs in the Iroquois chapel.
canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ February_29
February 29, 1704
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