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, Canada - 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer

In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced private commercial interests in governing Québec. At the same time, the French government initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony.

Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or “King’s Daughters” emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

New France: Historical Background in Brief ( perrault/ perr1/ newfrance/)

Histoire du Québec 6 - Les Filles du Roi (in French) (

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