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flag  History of Peru, Massachusetts, USA

Journey back in time to Peru, Massachusetts, USA

Visit Peru, Massachusetts, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Peru, Massachusetts, USA - Church at Peru, Mass.

Peru, Berkshire, MA

Originally known as Northern Berkshire Township Number 2 and including all of Hinsdale and part of Middlefield, the town was first settled in 1767 and was officially incorporated as Partridgefield in 1771. Originally named for Oliver Partridge, one of the three purchasers of the town (along with Governor Francis Bernard), the name was officially changed to Peru in 1806, on the suggestion of the Rev. John Leland, "because it is like the Peru of South America, a mountain town, and if no gold or silver mines are under her rocks, she favors hard money and begins with a P."

There is MUCH more to discover about Peru, Massachusetts, USA. Read on!

Peru Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Church at Peru, Mass.
Peru, Massachusetts, USA

Church at Peru, Mass.

Discover Peru: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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1839 - Peru
Peru, Massachusetts
Berkshire county. This is a rough and mountainous town, wherein branches of Housatonick and Westfield rivers rise. It was formerly called Partridgefield and incorporated by that name in 1771. The soil is cold but adapted for grazing. The inhabitants are chiefly farmers. Population, 1837, 656. In that year 6,127 sheep were sheared in this town; the value of the wool, which weighed 18,381 lbs., was $11,948. Peru lies 111 miles W. from Boston, 18 N.E. from Lenox, and 47 E. Albany, N.Y. It is the highest land between the Connecticut and Hudson rivers.
The New England Gazetteer containing descriptions of all the states, counties and towns in New England: also descriptions of the principal mountains, rivers lakes, capes, bays, harbors, islands and fashionable resorts within that territory. Alphabetically arranged. By John Hayward, author of the Columbian Traveller, Religious Creeds, &c. &c. Boston: John Hayward. Boyd & White, Concord, N.H. 1839
1845 - PERU. [Pop. 576. Inc. 1771.]
Peru included the greater part of Hinsdale, and was called Partridgefield, after one of its two owners, until 1806.

The surface is mountainous, and gives rise to several sources of the Housatonic and Westfield River, which run in opposite directions.

The soil is cold and often sterile, but not unfit for grazing. Excellent lime is found in the town.

Distance From Lenox, 18 miles ; from Boston, 111.
An Elementary Geography for Massachusetts Children by William Bentley Fowle and Asa Fitz, 1845
Peru Massachusetts, 1890
Peru is a mountainous and sparsely settled farming town near the middle of the eastern side of Berkshire County, 140 miles west of Boston, and about 5 miles east of the Boston and Albany Railroad station in Hinsdale — bounding this town on the west. On the north the boundary is Windsor; on the east, Cummington and Worthington; and on the south, Middlefield and Washington. The area is about 27 square miles, of which 16,019 acres are assessed. Of these, 3,328 acres are forests of beech, maple and spruce. The land is elevated, rough and rocky. French's Mountain rises near the centre of the township to a height of 2,239 feet: The church on Peru Hill, near the western border, is so situated that water falling from one side of the roof finds its way into the Westfield River, and from the other side into the Housatonic. The largest watercourse is Fuller's Stream, draining the central portion of the town.. Some excellent limestone has been quarried here. There is much rock of a flinty, and... Read MORE...

1895 - Peru
Peru, a post-hamlet of Berkshire co, Mass., in Peru township, 12. miles E. of Pittsfield. It has a church and 2 saw-mills. Pop. of the township, 443.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
Peru, a post-village of Berkhsire co., Mass., in Peru township (town), 12 miles E. of Pittsfield. Pop. of the town in 1900, 253.
Lippincott's New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns ... in Every Portion of the Globe Publisher J.B. Lippincott Company, 1906
2023 - Peru has something for everyone. Let's explore some places to go and things to do in this picturesque town.
Peru State Forest: This 1,200-acre state forest is the heart of outdoor activities in Peru. You can explore hiking trails, go bird watching, have a picnic, or simply immerse yourself in the beauty of nature. The forest is known for its tranquil atmosphere, making it a great place to unwind.

Hiking and Trail Exploration: Peru offers a range of hiking trails that cater to different skill levels. One popular option is the "Ledges Trail," which leads to a scenic overlook with stunning views of the surrounding countryside. Don't forget your hiking boots and a camera!

Berkshire Natural Resources Council Properties: The Berkshire Natural Resources Council manages several properties in the region, including the Hollow Fields Reserve and the Clam River Reserve. These areas are perfect for hiking, nature observation, and wildlife photography.

Snowmobiling and Cross-Country Skiing: In the winter months, Peru becomes a winter wonderland. The town is a hub for snowmobiling and... Read MORE...

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Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Peru, Massachusetts, USA

We currently have information about 139 ancestors who were born or died in Peru.

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Updated: 10/6/2023 4:44:14 PM