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What is the history of Dayton, Ohio, USA?

People, Pictures, Old Postcards and Stories From the Past

Explore Dayton, Ohio, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures and genealogy.
"Dayton, a flourishing city, capital of Montgomery co, O., is situated on the left or E. bank of the Great Miami, at the mouth of the Mad River, and on the line of the Miami Canal, 60 miles N.N.E. of Cincinnati, and 71 miles W. by S. of Columbus. Lat. 39° 44' N.; lon, 84°11' W. This is the fifth city of Ohio in respect to population and wealth, and is celebrated for the variety and extent of its manufactures, which are rapidly increasing. It is an important station on 8 railroads, viz., the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis (or “Big Four”), the New York, Lake Erie & Western, the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton, the Dayton & Union, the Dayton & Xenia, the Dayton & Michigan, the Cincinnati, Dayton & Ironton, and the Cincinnati, Dayton & Chicago. A continuous line of railroad is now completed from the Ohio River, at Wheeling, to St. Louis, on which Dayton is one of the principal points. Thirty six macadamized or hard-gravelled roads radiate in all directions from Dayton, with an aggregate length of more than 600 miles. The city is laid out with streets 100 feet wide, crossing one another at right angles. The public buildings are remarkably fine, and excellent taste is displayed in the construction of the private residences and in the embellishment of the adjoining grounds. The county court-house, an elegant edifice, 100 by 200 feet, is built of white stone quarried in the vicinity. The style of architecture is modern. It cost about $300,000. Dayton has also a stone jail erected at a cost of about $400,000, 47 churches, a public library, 5 national banks, 3 other banks, 2 market-houses, a high school, 17 public schools, 4 Catholic schools, and several high-grade preparatory schools for boys. Six daily and 10 weekly newspapers are published here. The streets, stores, and public buildings are lighted with gas and electricity. Quarries of excellent limestone are worked in the vicinity, and furnish material for the finest buildings of Cincinnati. The abundant water-power which Dayton possesses through its hydraulic canal, by which the water of Mad River is brought through the city, is one of the elements of its prosperity. It is the seat of extensive industrial establishments, embracing manufactories of agricultural implements with an aggregate capital of $1,868,414 and producing goods to the value of $1,352,150; carriages and wagons, capital $459,447, product $482,369; coffee and spices, capital $217,117, product $921,500; flour and feed, capital $272,050, product $1,185. 250; foundry-products and machinery, capital $1,563,758, product $1,756,278; architectural iron-work, capital $256 905, product $322,650; liquors (malt), capital $909,375, product $619,148; lumber, capital $403,928, product $392, 91; paper, capital $897,008, product $1,017,257; and tobacco, capital $370,183, product $1,017,545. It also contains several cotton-factories, woollen-factories, oil-mills, &c., its annual manufactures being estimated at $20,000,000. Dayton was first settled in 1796, and was incorporated in 1805. Assessed value of property in 1864, $10,315,810; in 1878 the valuation was $20,000,000; in 1892 it was $35,000,000. In 1829 the Miami Canal was opened from Cincinnati to this point, from which event the prosperity of Dayton may be dated. Pop. in 1830, 2954; in 1840, 6067; in 1850, 10,976; in 1860, 20,081; in 1870,30,473; in 1880, 38,678; in 1890, 61,220; in 1892, 65,000"

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ...
Joseph Thomas
January 1, 1895
J.B. Lippincott


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  • News 1854 - TORNADO AT DAYTON - BUILDING BLOWN DOWN - MAN KILLED BY LIGHTNING - CORNFIELDS PROSTRATED.
    On Saturday a heavy storm of wind and rain passed over Dayton, doing considerable damage in the way of destroying awnings, tearing off window...Read MORE...


  • News 1869 - Killed by Stone
    A son of John Cupp, of Dayton, Ohio, aged about 13, was instantly killed the other day in that town, by a stone thrown from a sling in the hands of...Read MORE...


  • 1878 - James Ritty of Dayton developed the first cash register.

    www.e-referencedesk.com/ resources/ state-history-timeline/ ohio.html

  • News 1879 - November 4 - James Ritty patents 1st cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio saloon

    historyorb.com
    November 4, 1879

  • Dayton, Ohio, USA
    The Computing Scale Co.
    Dayton, Ohio
    Found at The Way It Was Museum, Virginia City, Nevada
  • News 1898 - FOUGHT THE FLAMES FOR HOURS.
    Twenty Thousand Dollars’ Worth of Property Destroyed in Dayton.
    Special to the Plain Dealer.

    DAYTON, May 27.—A fire, which was fought for several ...Read MORE...


  • Dayton, Ohio, USA
    Kid Gloves Cost Money

    Hudson Rubber Company, Dayton, Ohio

    Ladies' Home Journal
    September 1898
  • Dayton, Ohio, USA
    Webster Street Engine House
  • 1903 - The Wright Brothers, a pair of bicycle shop owners from Dayton, became the first in flight

    www.e-referencedesk.com/ resources/ state-history-timeline/ ohio.html

  • 1910 - November 7 - The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.

    historyorb.com

  • 1913 - March 26 - Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
    The Ohio River Basin flood reached a peak. Ten inch rains over a wide area of the Ohio River Basin inundated cities in Ohio, drowning 467 persons,...Read MORE...


  • 1916
    Dayton, a city, capital of Montgomery co., Ohio, is situated on the left or E. bank of the Great Miami, at the mouth of the Mad River and on the line ...Read MORE...


  • April 19, 1919: Leslie Irvin made the first free-fall parachute jump, Dayton, Ohio

    The Old Farmer's Almanac www.almanac.com

  • Dayton, Ohio, USA
    The Rike-Kumler Co. and Miami Hotel, Dayton, Ohio.
  • Dayton, Ohio, USA
    St. Elizabeth Hospital, Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1923 - February 2 - Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio

    historyorb.com

  • News 1934 - August 19 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.

    historyorb.com
    August 19, 1934

  • 1936 - OUT FOR FUN, 6 MEET DEATH. KILLED BEYOND CRASHED GATE OF RAIL CROSSING.
    Dayton, O., Oct. 19. (AP) - Six persons, out for an evening of merry-making, met death beyond the crashed safety gate of a rail crossing yesterday...Read MORE...


  • News 1945 - OFFICER IS KILLED AT AVIATION SHOW. ARMY PILOTED EXPERIMENTAL PLANE CRASHES ON CIVILIAN AUTO.
    Dayton, Ohio, May 27 (AP) - Capt. WILLIAM GLASGOW of Niagara Falls, N.Y., a veteran of 80 combat missions over Germany, was killed and five civilians ...Read MORE...




Dayton, Ohio, USA Genealogy

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Updated: 5/6/2019 4:35:24 PM

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