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flag  History of Berlin, Germany

Journey back in time to Berlin, Germany

Visit Berlin, Germany. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Berlin, Germany -

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany.

The history of Berlin starts with its foundation in the 13th century.

It became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1417, and later of Brandenburg-Prussia, and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia grew rapidly in the 18th and 19th century, and formed the basis of the German Empire in 1871.

During World War II, it was virtually destroyed by bombing, artillery, and ferocious street-by-street fighting.

There is MUCH more to discover about Berlin, Germany. Read on!

Berlin Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Berlin, Germany


Berlin, Germany


Berlin, Germany

(IL) - Chicago Tribune, Chicago, Illinois
Gruss aus Berlin Unter den Linden
Berlin, Germany

Gruss aus Berlin Unter den Linden

Discover Berlin: History, News, Travel, and Stories

Add informationAdd History/News/Story
1760 - October - 7 Year's War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin
1806 - October 27 - The French Army enters in Berlin.
1876 - January 1 - The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
1889 - In Berlin, Germany, there was a heavy fall of snow on the 4th, accompanied by a thunder-storm. In the mountain districts heavy and continuous rains had flooded the country.

St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
February 9, 1889
1890 - December 25 - Infectious Disease
The Berlin police have given notice to all unlicensed sanatoriums, hotels, etc., in the city that consumptives and other patients suffering from infectious diseases who may be stopping at such places must leave within eight days, or the places will be closed.
The Toronto Daily Mail
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
December 25, 1890
1895 - Berlin
Berlin, a city, capital of Prussia, and of the empire of Germany, 156 miles E.S.E, of Hamburg, 100 miles N. of Dresden, and about 700 miles N.E. of Paris. Lat. 52° 45' 16" N., lon. 13° 23'53" E.; elevation above the sea, 115 feet; mean temperature of the year, 48°.2; summer, 64°.5; winter, 31°.4 Fahrenheit. Berlin is by far the largest town in Germany, and for the beauty and size of its buildings, the regularity of its streets, the importance of its institutions of science and art, and its activity, industry, and trade, is one of the finest cities in Europe. It is built on a sandy plain on both banks of the Spree. The city was formerly walled, and entered by gates, one of which, the Brandenburg gate on its W., is in the style of the Parthenon, surmounted by an image of victory, in a car drawn by 4 horses, taken to Paris by Napoleon I., and brought back after his defeat by the Prussians...
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott

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1916 - January 27 - Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
1923 - February 25 - Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 mark
1927 - May 13 - "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
1929 - May 1 - Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
1935 - March 22 – The world's first television program is transmitted from the Funkturm in Berlin, Germany
March 22, 1935
1936 - August 14 - 1st Olympic basketball game (Berlin)
1942 - January 20 - Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on "final solution" calling for extermination of Europe's Jews
1945 - Februray 3 - Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
1945 - April 30 – Death of Adolf Hitler: Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit suicide as the Red Army approaches the Führerbunker in Berlin.
April 30, 1945
1945 - May 2 - Russia takes Berlin; General Weidling surrender
1945 - May 8 - Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day) as Nazi Germany surrenders, marking the end of WWII in Europe, with the final surrender being to the Soviets in Berlin, attended by representatives of the Western Powers.
May 8, 1945
1948 - June 24 - Soviet Union begins Berlin Blockade
1948-11-30 - Soviets set up a separate municipal government in East Berlin
1961 - August 13 - Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
August 13, 1961
1987 - June 12 - President Reagan gave the famous “Tear Down This Wall” speech, Berlin

The Old Farmer's Almanac
June 12, 1987
2023 - Here's a list of places to visit and activities to enjoy in Berlin:
1. Brandenburg Gate: Start your journey with this iconic symbol of Berlin and Germany. It's a neoclassical gate that has witnessed much of the city's history.

2. Reichstag Building: Nearby is the Reichstag, home to the German parliament. You can visit the dome for panoramic views of the city.

3. Berlin Wall: Explore remnants of the Berlin Wall, such as the East Side Gallery, where artists have painted murals on the remaining sections.

4. Checkpoint Charlie: Visit this famous former border checkpoint between East and West Berlin during the Cold War. There's a museum that tells the checkpoint's history.

5. Museum Island: This UNESCO World Heritage site houses several world-class museums, including the Pergamon Museum, Neues Museum, and Alte Nationalgalerie.

6. Berlin Cathedral: Located on Museum Island, this stunning cathedral is a masterpiece of architecture and offers great views from its dome.

7. Holocaust Memorial: Pay your respects at the Memorial to the Murdered... Read MORE...

Discover Your Roots: Berlin Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Berlin, Germany

We currently have information about ancestors who were born or died in Berlin.

View Them Now (sorted by year of birth)

male ancestorAndreas SCHULTZ (December 1753, Berlin, Germany - 10 May 1836, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers))
female ancestorLouisa COMBS (1781, Berlin, Germany - 1840, , West Virginia, USA)
photo of George Washington ADAMSGeorge Washington ADAMS (13 April 1801 , Berlin, Germany - 30 April 1829, Long Island City, New York, USA)
male ancestorTheodor BUROW (1809, - 5 October 1872, Berlin, Germany)
male ancestorAugust J. SCHROEDER (July 4, 1828, Berlin, Germany - April 24, 1914, Meriden, Connecticut, USA)
female ancestorChristiane Marie SCHMIDT (21 December 1833, Berlin, Germany - 26 September 1916, , Connecticut, USA)
female ancestorHenrietta Ballman SCHROEDER (August 13, 1834, Berlin, Germany - August 21, 1903, Meriden, Connecticut, USA)
male ancestorWilhelm Karl Friedrich WALTHER (20 November 1841, Neuhaldensleben, Börde, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany - 15 January 1910, Berlin, Germany)
female ancestorBarbara WALTERS (December 22 1861, Berlin, Germany - October 10 1920, White Lake, Wisconsin, USA)

Ancestors Who Were Married in Berlin, Germany

We currently have information about ancestors who were married in Berlin.

View Them Now

photo of Augustus Ferdinand GOETTEL Augustus Ferdinand GOETTEL (15 July 1855 - 22 February 1932) and photo of Emma Augusta ZEHRENDT Emma Augusta ZEHRENDT (1 February 1856 - ) married 12 April 1877
male ancestorFerdinand Franz LIPPMANN (23 June 1868 - 6 April 1945) and female ancestorLuise Pauline SEIBT (12 January 1872 - 17 September 1912) married 25 October 1892
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Updated: 9/19/2023 2:12:35 PM