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History of Fairfax, Virginia, USA

Journey back in time to Fairfax, Virginia, USA

(Providence)

Visit Fairfax, Virginia, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and genealogy.

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Fairfax, Virginia, USA

The city derives its name from Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who was awarded five million acres of land in northern Virginia by King Charles. The area that the city now encompasses was settled in the early 18th century by farmers from Virginia's Tidewater region. The town of "Providence" was established on the site by an act of the state legislature in 1805.

The town (then described as a village) was the scene of the first land battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Fairfax Court House. On June 1, 1861, a Union scouting party clashed with the local militia, though neither side gained an advantage. A second battle was waged two years later on June 27, 1863. At the Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1863), Union troops were defeated. However, the battle delayed the movements of Confederate cavalry chief Jeb Stuart, with disastrous consequences for Lee at Gettysburg a few days later.

Fairfax was officially renamed the "Town of Fairfax" in 1874. It was incorporated as a city in 1961, and under Virginia law was separated from Fairfax County (though it remains the county seat).

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There is MUCH more to discover about Fairfax, Virginia, USA. Read on!
  • 1854 - Fairfax Court House
    Fairfax Court House, a small town, capital of Fairfax county, Virginia, 120 miles N. from Richmond, and 21 miles W. from Washington, contains the...Read MORE...


  • 1895 - Fairfax Court House
    Fairfax Court-House, a post-village, capital of Fairfax co., Va., 20 miles W. of Washington, D.C., and 33 miles N. of Fairfax Station. It has 5...Read MORE...


  • Fairfax, Virginia, USA
    Old Court House Well
    Postcard
  • 1916
    Fairfax, Va. See Culpeper.

    Culpeper, or Fairfax, a banking post-town, capital of Culpeper co., Va., on the Southern R., 62 miles WSW. of...Read MORE...


  • Fairfax, Virginia, USA
    Hy-way Motel
    Postcard
  • Fairfax, Virginia, USA
    Circle Motor Court, Fairfax, Va.
    Postcard


Old Photos, Pictures, Advertisements and Postcards from Fairfax, Virginia, USA


Fairfax, Virginia, USA
Pinterest
Old Court House Well
Postcard

Fairfax, Virginia, USA
Pinterest
Hy-way Motel
Postcard

Fairfax, Virginia, USA
Pinterest
Circle Motor Court, Fairfax, Va.
Postcard
Unofficial Guide to Ancestry.com: How to Find Your Family History on the #1 Genealogy Website




History and News of Fairfax, Virginia, USA

Add History/News
  • 1854 - Fairfax Court House
    Fairfax Court House, a small town, capital of Fairfax county, Virginia, 120 miles N. from Richmond, and 21 miles W. from Washington, contains the... Read MORE...

  • 1895 - Fairfax Court House
    Fairfax Court-House, a post-village, capital of Fairfax co., Va., 20 miles W. of Washington, D.C., and 33 miles N. of Fairfax Station. It has 5... Read MORE...

  • 1916
    Fairfax, Va. See Culpeper.

    Culpeper, or Fairfax, a banking post-town, capital of Culpeper co., Va., on the Southern R., 62 miles WSW. of... Read MORE...

Fairfax, Virginia, USA Genealogy

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Updated: 2/5/2020 2:36:09 PM

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