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flag  History of Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

Journey back in time to Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA


Visit Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA - Three Arch Bridge over the Deerfield River - Charlemont - Mass.

Charlemont, Franklin, MA

Charlemont was first settled by Moses Rice (1694-1755) who purchased 2,200 acres (8.9 km2) on 23 April 1743 that been previously set off as Boston Township Number 1 in 1735 by the Great and General Court. The town was along the distant frontier at the time, and was the subject of several raids by Native Americans. While plowing in the fields one day, Rice was shot and wounded by Indians lying in ambush. They also shot and killed another man, Phineas Arms, at the same time and captured Moses' eight-year-old grandson Asa, who had been riding the plow horse. Moses was taken to the adjoining woods, scalped, and left for dead, but Asa was carried off to Canada. The town was incorporated as Charlemont in 1765, most likely named for the town in Northern Ireland.

Charlemont includes: Gilead and Zoar. mass_lookup.htm

There is MUCH more to discover about Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA. Read on!

Charlemont Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Three Arch Bridge over the Deerfield River - Charlemont - Mass.
Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

Three Arch Bridge over the Deerfield River - Charlemont - Mass.
River South
Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

River South
Charlemont Inn, Charlemont, Mass.
Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

Charlemont Inn, Charlemont, Mass.

"The historic Charlemont Inn is located in Eastern Berkshire Valley along the Mohawk Trail. It was built in 1787 and has lodged such notables as Mark Twain, Calvin Coolidge and Benedict Arnold..."

Discover Charlemont: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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1765 - The town of Charlemont is incorporated

Massachusetts City and Town Incorporation and Settlement Dates
1839 - Charlemont
Charlemont, Massachusetts
Franklin county. Deerfield river meanders through this town, and gives it a good water power. Garrisons were erected here in 1754, against the savage French and Indians. Their remains are now visible. Incorporated, 1765. Population, 1837, 994. It lies 110 miles W.N.W. from Boston and 14 W. by N. from Greenfield. Although this is a mountainous township, it contains much valuable land. It maintains about 5,000 merino and other sheep. Its manufactures consist of boots, shoes, leather, iron castings, axes, hoes, palm-leaf hats, saddlery, scythe snaiths, and lather boxes.
The New England Gazetteer containing descriptions of all the states, counties and towns in New England: also descriptions of the principal mountains, rivers lakes, capes, bays, harbors, islands and fashionable resorts within that territory. Alphabetically arranged. By John Hayward, author of the Columbian Traveller, Religious Creeds, &c. &c. Boston: John Hayward. Boyd & White, Concord, N.H. 1839
1845 - CHARLEMONT. [Pop. 1,127. Inc. 1765.]
Charlemont once contained a part of Buckland and Heath, and was composed of Boston Plantation, No. 1, and the largest part of a tract called Zoar.

Deerfield River, flows through this mountainous town, presenting much beautiful scenery.

Mount Peak, the highest hill, is above one thousand feet high.

The town being on the frontiers, was considerably annoyed by the Indians, in the French wars.

Agriculture and the raising of sheep are the chief employment of the inhabitants.

Distance from Greenfield, 17 miles; from Boston, 104.
An Elementary Geography for Massachusetts Children by William Bentley Fowle and Asa Fitz, 1845
1848 - Charlemont
This town was incorporated in 1765. During the French and Indian wars, this being one of the frontier towns, it was open to their ravages, in the limits of this town were three garrisons, Taylor's, Rice's, and Hawk's. These were of a cordon of fortifications projected by Col. Williams in the year 1754. These works were either mounts, a diminutive kind of block-house, or stockaded dwelling-houses, bearing the names of the resident families, defensible only against musketry. In June, 1755, as a party of people were at work in a meadow in the upper part of Charlemont, near Rice's fort, they were attacked by a party of Indians; Captain Rice and Phineas Rice were killed, and Titus King, and Asa Rice, a lad, were captured, conveyed to Crown Point, and from thence to Canada. King was some time afterward carried to France, then to England, and from thence he returned to Northampton, his native place. The Congregational church in this town was organized in Jutie, 1788; the Rev. Isaac Babbit,... Read MORE...

CHARLEMONT, a township in Franklin co., in the state of Massachusetts, U. S., 109 m. W by N of Boston. Pop. 1,127.
A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge, Publisher A. Fullarton, 1859
Charlemont Massachusetts, 1890
Charlemont is a long and narrow township lying along the Deerfield River, whose general course here is slightly south of east. It is in the western part of Franklin County, about 125 miles northwest of Boston by rail. The region is quite mountainous, and the outline of the town is very irregular. Rowe, Heath and Colrain bound it on the north; the latter and Shelburne on the east; Buckland and Hawley on the south; and Savoy and Florida on the west. The assessed area is 15,496 acres; and, of this, 5,100 acres are forest, consisting of maple, beech and birch. The villages are East Charlemont, Charlemont (centre) and Zoar.

The Deerfield River runs through the western half of the town, then forms the divisional line the entire length of Buckland; and, by a northward curve to receive the North River, it forms, with that stream, the eastern line. The Fitchburg Railroad follows the general course of the river, but, forced by its bends, crosses six times, delighting the traveller with the... Read MORE...

1895 - Charlemont
Char’lemont, a post-village of Franklin co., Mass., in Charlemont township, on Deerfield River, and on the Vermont & Massachusetts Railroad, 8 miles E.S.E. of the Hoosac Tunnel, and 15 miles E.S.E. of North Adams. It has 4 churches and manufactures of lumber. Pop. of the township, 1029.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
2023 - Here's a list of places to see and things to do in Charlemont:
Mohawk Trail State Forest:

Start your exploration of Charlemont at the Mohawk Trail State Forest, known for its stunning foliage during the fall season.

Hike along the scenic trails, including the popular Indian Trail, which leads to a beautiful waterfall.

Picnic areas, a swimming area, and opportunities for wildlife watching make this a perfect spot for nature lovers.

Zoar Outdoor Adventure Resort:

If you're an adventure enthusiast, Zoar Outdoor is the place to be. They offer a wide range of activities like whitewater rafting, zip-lining, kayaking, and rock climbing.

It's a fantastic spot for both beginners and experienced adventurers, with guided tours available.

Berkshire East Mountain Resort:

This year-round outdoor resort offers activities such as skiing and snowboarding in the winter, and mountain biking, zip-lining, and a mountain coaster during the summer.

The Thunder Mountain Bike Park at Berkshire East is a mecca for mountain bikers with... Read MORE...

Discover MY Roots: Charlemont Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

We currently have information about ancestors who were born or died in Charlemont.

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female ancestorMary HITCHCOCK (20 March 1694, Springfield, Massachusetts, USA (Indian Orchard) - 17 June 1781, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
male ancestorOthniel TAYLOR (16 April 1719, Deerfield, Massachusetts, USA (South Deerfield) - 28 December 1788, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
female ancestorHannah KIMBALL (14 April 1723, Bradford, Massachusetts, USA* - 25 May 1776, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
female ancestorMartha ARMS (3 February 1729, Deerfield, Massachusetts, USA (South Deerfield) - 5 May 1802, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
male ancestorRufus HAWKS (1759, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar) - 7 January 1808, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
male ancestorRufus TAYLOR (3 April 1763, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar) - 2 April 1834, Worthington, Massachusetts, USA)
female ancestorRowena NICHOLS (24 January 1768, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar) - 30 May 1796, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))
male ancestorJared HAWKS (11 October 1775, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar) - 13 June 1855, Goshen, Massachusetts, USA)
male ancestorSylvester MAXWELL (16 April 1775, Heath, Massachusetts, USA - 21 December 1858, Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA (Zoar))

Ancestors Who Were Married in Charlemont, Massachusetts, USA

We currently have information about ancestors who were married in Charlemont.

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male ancestorRufus HAWKS (1759 - 7 January 1808) and female ancestorRowena NICHOLS (24 January 1768 - 30 May 1796) married 31 January 1786
male ancestorJoshua Baron TOTMAN (2 September 1820 - 29 December 1910) and female ancestorHannah HAWKS (2 March 1823 - 20 December 1906) married 18 June 1846

Genealogy Resources for Charlemont

Massachusetts Newspapers

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Updated: 10/7/2023 4:48:13 PM