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immigrant flag male ancestor  Germain  VANIER dit LAFONTAINE

  (b. abt. 1647 France   d. abt. 1685 Charlesbourg, Québec, Canada, New France )  

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VANIER dit LAFONTAINE Genealogy

Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE was born abt. 1647 in France. Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE was the child of ?   and   ?

Germain was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1669.

Marriage(s) and Child(ren):

He married  Marie CARTIGNIER (CARTIGNY) 30 September 1669 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 7 children. Marie CARTIGNIER (CARTIGNY)  was born abt. 1653 in Paris, France. 

Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE died abt. 1685 in Charlesbourg, Québec, Canada, New France .

Occupation: habitant



son of Christophe Vanier and Jeanne Planton


Details of the family tree of Germain appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? In the typical habitant dwelling-house, often reached by a ladder, was a loft or attic running the...Read MORE...



Daily Life in New France (www.chroniclesofamerica.com/ french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
  • Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE
    pinterest
    Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life... Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church. Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
    Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia
  • 1669 Marriage / Partner
    Germain VANIER dit LAFONTAINE and Marie CARTIGNIER (CARTIGNY) 30 September 1669, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1670 Birth of Child
    Marie-Anne VANIER dite LAFONTAINE was born 11 September 1670, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1672 Birth of Child
    Marguerite VANIER was born 8 April 1672, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1674 Birth of Child
    Claude-Philiberte VANIER was born 12 October 1674, Lacolle, Québec, Canada (Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle)
  • 1677 Birth of Child
    Marie VANIER was born 24 March 1677, Lacolle, Québec, Canada (Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle)
  • 1680 Birth of Child
    Pierre VANIER was born 17 January 1680, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal)
  • 1682 Birth of Child
    Geneviève VANIER dite LAFONTAINE was born 12 November 1682, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal)


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Added: 2/11/2015 10:01:43 AM - Updated: 4/14/2019 10:14:00 AM

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