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HELP! Ancestor is complete! immigrant flag male ancestor  François  PELOQUIN dit CREDIT

  (b. abt. 1664 St-Andre de Niort, Poiters, Poitou, France   d. 12 September 1727 Saint-Ours, Canada, New France )  

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François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT was born abt. 1664 in St-Andre de Niort, Poiters, Poitou, France. François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT was the child of Mathurin PELOQUIN   and   Ambroise SYLLARD (SYLLART)

François was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1699.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

François  married  Marie NIQUET 20 July 1699 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Marie NIQUET  was born December 1668 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Marie-Madeleine).  Marie died 29 November 1706 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers).  Marie was the child of Pierre-René NIQUET (NIQUETTE) and Françoise LEMOINE.

François  married  (2) Marie-Françoise HAREL 07 January 1709 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  Marie-Françoise HAREL  was born 22 April 1678 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers).  Marie-Françoise died 13 November 1756 in Saint-Ours, Québec, Canada (Immaculée-Conception).  Marie-Françoise was the child of Jean-Marie-Victor-François HAREL and Marie PESCHER.

François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT died 12 September 1727 in Saint-Ours, Canada, New France .

Occupation: Soldat cie de St-Ours

Details of the family tree of François appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? Around 1825, La Cuisinière Bourgeoise, was written as a guide for those employed in the service of middle class households. This volume was one of the first in Canada to address the subject in a compr
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (
François was a Soldat cie de St-Ours.
The soldat, or soldier, is the first military rank in the army, at the first level of military hierarchy.

Some of the first soldiers to set foot on Canadian soil were French or English men, hired by companies engaged in exploration or the fur trade. These companies were responsible for all costs associated with the soldiers: recruitment, overseas travel, equipment, maintenance and salary. The soldiers were responsible for protecting the expeditions and their interests.

Spouse(s) / Partner(s) and Child(ren) of François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT


François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT married flag female ancestor Marie NIQUET-- Date: 20 July 1699 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin.

Marie NIQUET was the child of Pierre-René NIQUET (NIQUETTE) and Françoise LEMOINE

Cathedral de Trois-Rivieres

"On July 20, 1699 Francois Pelloquin was married to Marie Niquet in the church of Notre Dame in Three Rivers, Quebec. From the certificate of marriage, we learn that Francois Pelloquin dit Credit, a professional soldier from the parish of Saint André of Niort was married to Marie Niquet, the widow of Dominique Jutras, who had lived in the parish of Champlain. This marriage document created a misunderstanding that Francois Pelloquin was assigned to the Company Saint-Ours and by extrapolation it was assumed that he came to Canada with the Carrigan Regiment. This is unlikely, however, since Francois was but two years old at that time. There are four entries of this event in the registry. The original document reads: 'Francois Pelloquin dit Credit, soldier in company M. ---[ blank ]. Unfortunately the name has been erased. The second document which was produced at the same time indicates: 'Francois Pelloquin soldier of company M. of Saint-Martin'. The two other copies were made recently, one is the same as the original, while the other attributes Francois to the company of Saint-Ours. It is believed that the document that attributes him to the company M. of Saint-Martin is correct."

"On 8 July 1699, a few days prior to the wedding, the notary, Severin Ameau, of Three-Rivers drew up the marriage contract. It records that Francois Pelloquin born in the Parish of Saint-André de Niort in Poitou, the son of Mathurin Pelloquin who lived on Niort and the deceased Ambroise Syllard. His betrothed, Marie Niquet, the widow of Dominique Jutras, and daughter of Pierre Niquet and Francoise Lemoine, lived within the manor of Saint-Francois. Through this marriage Francois became the patriarch of Marie Niquet's five children from her previous marriage. They were: Marie-Ange,14 years Michel, 11 years Jean-Baptiste,8 years Catherine,6 years and Francoise, 18 months. The contract of marriage was countersigned by De Ramesay, Credit Francois Pelloquin, Francoise Lemoine and others whose signatures are unreadable."
Source: ~u1025211/ peloquins.html

Children of François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT and Marie NIQUET:

François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT married flag female ancestor Marie-Françoise HAREL-- Date: 07 January 1709  Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France ~u1025211/ peloquins.html 

Marie-Françoise HAREL was the child of Jean-Marie-Victor-François HAREL and Marie PESCHER

"On 23 December 1708, Francois sat with the notary Pottier in Three-Rivers to draw up a contract for his marriage to Marie-Francoise Harel the widow of Pierre Blanchet. Francois had been employed as a miller, living at the grist mill of Mr. Framboise. Both brought three children into the marriage. The five children of Marie Niquet were taken in by their grandfather Pierre Niquet of Saint Francois-du-Lac. This document has been preserved and is contained in "La Collection de Pieces Judiciares et Notaires 1638-1759" in the National Archives in Quebec. Francois retained possession of his farm at Baie Saint-Antoine on which he had a cedar barn covered with sod and hay. His fiancee also had a farm centrally located within Baie Saint-Antoine. A document drawn up by the notary Chambalon in Quebec on 30 October 1710 indicates that Francois owned a milling business in Quebec and at the time lived in Beauport. In addition, the document also remitted to Sebatien Trocat the farm of Marie-Francoise Harel which had been granted to her first husband Pierre Blanchet on 21 September 1706. Two years later, on 3 October 1712, again before notary Chambalon, Francois Pelloquin remitted his farm to Mr. Courval on the condition that he dismiss arrears in taxes and rents due. The reason for this action was that the farm was not being worked. At this time, Francois was in fact a miller living at the mill of Mr. Forillon at Points-aux-Lievres near the city of Quebec. Mr. Forillon was Louis Albert de Forillon, Lord of Kamouraska."

Children of François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT and Marie-Françoise HAREL:

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Exploring the Ancestry of François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT: Events, Pictures, and Documents

From Peloquin Family History -
'Mathurin Pelloquin and Ambroise Syllard were married on 1 July 1658 in the church of Saint-André. Mathurin's parents were Mathurin Pelloquin and Francoise Chastigné. Ambroise was the daughter of Guillaume Syllard and Ambroise Barbaut. She was born in Niort on 9 December 1634. The priest, Louis Pelloquin, who prepared the marriage certificate recorded Mathurin's surname as 'Ploquin'. They had three children: Francois born around 1664, Marguerite born on 6 September 1669 and Phillippe born on 16 May 1672. Although there were many Pelloquin families in this region during the first half of the 17th century, their numbers decreased considerably by the end of the century.'

'Francois married Marie Niquet in Cathedral de Trois-Rivieres, July 20, 1699. Marie died November 28, 1706 in Baie-du-Febvre, at 38 years of age. Her body was interred November 29, 1706 in Trois-Rivieres. Marie was born about 1668, and was the daughter of Pierre-Rene Niquet and...Read MORE...
'During this period many soldiers were hospitalized. The registry of the sick at the Hotel Dieu of Quebec indicates that Francois Pelloquin dit Credit ( Credit' is simply an addition to the surname and sometimes referred to as a nickname ), soldier age 26 from the parish of Niort in Poitou, France was released on 10 November 1690 after a 10 day stay. The registry of the sick at the Hotel Dieu is the first official document that mentions the presence of a Pelloquin in North America. The arrival of Francois in Canada is not known precisely. The best estimate is that he arrived sometime between 1683 and 1688. By 1666, the Iroquois had been successfully subdued. But the indians arose again in 1680 and the Governor de La Barre requested troops from the King. In response, the King sent a company of marines each year from 1683 through 1688. Francois Pelloquin was one of the marines sent to fight the indians.'

Source: ~u1025211/ peloquins.html
1699 Marriage / Partner
François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT and Marie NIQUET 20 July 1699, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
'Felix, the first Pelloquin to see the initial light of day on Canadian soil, was born on 19 May 1700 and was baptized on 30 May in Three-Rivers. The baptismal certificate reads; 'born of the legitimate marriage of Francois Pelloquin (dit Crédit) and Marie Niquet both of Nicolet. The godfather and godmother were Pierre Niquet, Marie's brother, and his wife Marie Lefebvre. The second son from this marriage, Francois, was born on 21 February 1702 and was baptized on 30 May. A daughter Marie-Therese, born on 21 July 1703, was baptized on 25 July in Three-Rivers. She likely died at a young age since there is no further recorded information on her. The fourth and last child, Therese, was born on 2 February 1706 at Baie-du-Febvre and baptized on 24 February in Three-Rivers.'

Source: ~u1025211/ peloquins.html
1700 Birth of Child
Felix PELOQUIN dit CREDIT was born 19 May 1700, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
1700 - Establishment of Baie-du-Febvre
'On 12 July 1700, Francois received a ' title of privilege ' from Lord Jacques Lefebvre to a farm located on the shore of Lake Saint-Pierre in the lordship of Sainte-Antoine de la Baie. The farm, three acres wide by forty and one-half acres deep, neighbored on the farm of Nicolas Vanasse, occupant of the lordship of Cresse (Nicolet). The document was witnessed by the notary Ameau in Three-Rivers. The farm was located on a site which became an object of litigation between the Lord of the Baie and the Lord of Nicolet. The litigation lasted 18 years (1684-1702). An agreement was reached on 27 October 1702 as recorded by the notary Jean-Baptiste Pottier. As a result, a new boundary separating the two manors or lordships was agreed upon. The Pelloquin farm was within the manor of Nicolet along with that of Foucalt and Sebastien Trocal dit Croquant. On 11 August 1706 the Lord of Nicolet, Jean-Baptiste Poulin of Courval, receded to Francois Pelloquin the initial 3 acre width farm plus an...Read MORE...

1702 Birth of Child
Pierre-François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT was born 21 February 1702, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
1703 Birth of Child
Thérèse PELOQUIN dite CREDIT was born 21 July 1703, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
'In November 1706, Francois Pelloquin's home was completely destroyed by fire and fifteen days later his wife Marie Niquet died. Her epitaph reads; ' On this 29th day of November seventeen hundred six the undersigned,a Récollet priest, buried in the cemetery of this parish, Marie Niquet, wife of Francois Pelloquin dit Crédit, who lived at la Baie. She died in good grace after having completed her last confession, as testified by myself this day and year, Father Dupont.'

Source: ~u1025211/ peloquins.html
1706 Birth of Child
Marie-Thérèse PELOQUIN dite CREDIT was born 2 February 1706, Baie-du-Fèbvre, Québec, Canada (Saint-Antoine-de-la-Baie-du-Febvre)
1706 Death of Spouse/Partner
Marie NIQUET died 29 November 1706, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
'On 20 June 1707, Francois Pelloquin, master miller, living in Three-Rivers, and Pierre Niquet of Saint Francois-du-Lac appeared before the notary Etiene Veron de grand Mesnil to settle the estate of Marie Niquet. From the notarized document we learn that Marie Niquet died on 28 November and that the family home was destroyed by fire 15 days hence. On 24 July 1707 the notary completed an evaluation of the estate. It included two oxen, three cows, one heifer, two calfs, two piglets and one plow. It is reasonable to assume that Marie Niquet died of injuries resulting from the fire. She was 38 years old at the time of death. She left behind her husband and eight children. The family belongings were all destroyed in the fire.'

Source: ~u1025211/ peloquins.html
1709 Marriage / Partner
François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT and Marie-Françoise HAREL 07 January 1709 , Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
'Around July 1727, the pastor of Contrecoeur, Father Miniac, opened a new register for the parish of Saint-Ours. At the time the church of Saint-Ours was located on the St. Lawrence River in the region now known as Grand Saint-Ours. The first entry is the epitaph of Francis Pelloquin dit Credit. It reads: 'In the year one thousand seven hundred twenty-one, the 13th of July, we the undersigned priest missionaries of the Immaculate Conception of Saint-Ours, have buried in the cemetery of this church, the body of Francois Pelloquin (dit Credit), approximately 70 years old, having lived in this parish on the Chambly (Richelieu) River, died yesterday, near noon, in good grace with the mother church. As his departure from this earth was imminent he requested and was administered the last rites. The witnesses were: André Chapdelaine dit la Rivière, the church warden - Mr. de Belleval, officer of the kings troops, and Pierre Benoit, all of whom countersigned with me.''

'Death struck...

François PELOQUIN dit CREDIT - Found on monument in Sorel, Quebec On the occasion of the 325th anniversary of the Francois Pelloquins birth about 1664 at Niort, France - the ance
Found on monument in Sorel, Quebec
"On the occasion of the 325th anniversary of the Francois Pelloquin's birth about 1664 at Niort, France - the ancestor of all Peloquin's in the Americas"

Read more about Sorel, Québec, Canada (Saint-Pierre)
Added: - Updated: 12/3/2021 3:11:41 PM

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