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, Finland - 1895 - Finland


Finland, a country of Europe, forming a ? of the empire of Russia, whose sovereign is Grand Duke of Finland. It is bounded N. by Norway, W. by Sweden and the Gulf of Bothnia, S. by the Gulf of Finland; length, from N. to S., 650 miles; breadth, near the centre, only 112 miles, but towards the S., where it is greatest, 370 miles; area, 144,222 square miles. It includes a large part of Russian Lapland. The coast generally presents a face of bold and precipitous granite cliffs, and is lined by numberless small islands and rocks, which make the navigation extremely dangerous. The interior is a vast table-land, with an average height of from 400 to 600 feet above the sea. It is not, however, by any means a monotonous flat. The surface is much broken by hills and valleys, and occasionally rises into mountains, of which a chain at Maanselke, nearly 4000 feet high, is continued S., though with several interruptions, and terminates in lofty cliffs in the Gulf of Bothnia. Many of the heights are bare, but the greater part of those of moderate elevation are covered with forests, chiefly of pine and fir, and, in combination with the vast number of lakes enclosed by their bases, often form very romantic scenery. These sheets of water, both by their number and individual extent, furnish one of the most characteristic features of the country. The most important are Lake Ladoga, the greater part of which be longs to the grand duchy, Saima, Pianajarvi (Piajanejarwi), all in the S., where the greater part of the surface is occupied by water; the Ulea, near the centre, and the Enara, in the extreme N... Pop. in 1883, 2,111,240; in 1891, 2,412,135.

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott

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