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, Delaware, USA
1895 - Delaware


Delaware, one of the Middle Atlantic states, in area the smallest state in the Union except Rhode Island, is bounded N. by Pennsylvania, E. by Delaware River and Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and S. and W. by Maryland. Its length (from 38°28' to 39° 50' N. lat.) is 96 miles; its breadth ranges from 9 to 37 miles (75° to 75° 46' W. lon.). Area, 2050 square miles, more than one-half of which consists of cultivated farm-lands...

History-Delaware Bay was discovered by Hudson in 1609, and visited in 1610 by Lord De la Warr. Prominent events of local history have been the purchase of part of the country by the Dutch, 1629; the settlement of Lewes by the Dutch, 1630; the destruction of the colony by Indians, 1833; the purchase of the W. coast of the bay by the Swedes and Finns, and the founding (1638) of the colony of New Sweden, which extended as far up the river as Wicaco, now in Philadelphia; the construction of Fort Casimir, at New Castle, by the Dutch; its capture by the Swedes, 1654; the breaking up of the Swedish colony by Dutch forces from New Amsterdam, 1656; the conflicting claims of the Duke of York and of Lord Baltimore to the £ion, 1664; and the purchase of the proprietorship by William Penn, 1682. Thenceforth the region was officially known as "the Counties of New Castle, Kent, and Sussex, upon Delaware," and was regarded as a part of Pennsylvania until 1703, when it received a separate legislature; but the three counties remained under the proprietary governors of Pennsylvania until the Revolution, in which Delaware took a distinguished and very gallant part. The first two revolutionary presidents of Pennsylvania (1776–87) were also chief magistrates of Delaware, notwithstanding the fact that in 1776 she had declared herself an independent state. Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution, 1787. She retained slavery until it was abrogated in 1865 by the 13th amendment of the Federal constitution.

The population in 1790 was 59,094; in 1800, 64,273; in 1810, 72,674; in 1820, 72,749; in 1830, 76,748; in 1840, 78,085; in 1850, 91,533, in 1866, 112,216; in 1870, 125,015; in 1880, 146,608; in 1890, 168,493.

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott

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