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flag  History of Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

Journey back in time to Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

Visit Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada - www.freeusandworldmaps.com

Fredericton is the capital of New Brunswick.

Fredericton High School is the oldest English High School in Canada and was established in 1785.
canadianvisa.org

Christ Church Cathedral in Fredericton, New Brunswick was the first Gothic Revival cathedral built in North America. Built between 1845 and 1853, it is now a National Historic Site. hikebiketravel.com



There is MUCH more to discover about Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada. Read on!

Fredericton Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

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Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Canadian Scenery, 
by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Canadian Scenery,
by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
Provincial Exhibition Palace, Fredericton, ( New Brunswick. ) 1864
Library and Archives Canada, Acc
Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Provincial Exhibition Palace, Fredericton, ( New Brunswick. ) 1864
Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1970-188-1949 W.H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana
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Fredericton Provincial Exhibition Building
Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Fredericton Provincial Exhibition Building
Old Government House, Fredericton, N.B.
Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Old Government House, Fredericton, N.B.
Parliament Buildings, Fredericton, N.B. (1905)
Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

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Parliament Buildings, Fredericton, N.B. (1905)

Discover Fredericton: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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New Brunswick became a separate colony from Nova Scotia in 1784.

The site of Fredericton was designated as provincial capital by Governor Guy Carleton on 22 February 1785.
Located on the St. John River: York County: capital of New Brunswick: William Francis Ganong identified the Maliseet name for Fredericton as Seedahn'sis: called Sainte-Anne by the Acadians, then Saint Anne's Point by the New England Planters, and renamed Fredericton in 1785: named for Prince Frederick-Augustus, the Duke of York (1763-1827), Bishop of Osnaburg, and second son of King George III.
archives.gnb.ca
1827 - Church of St. Dunstan established at Fredericton

www.gcatholic.org
In 1829, the Old Arts Building was completed to house King's College (later to become the University of New Brunswick).

wikipedia.org
In 1848, Christ Church Cathedral (part of the Church of England) was built, allowing Fredericton to achieve city status.

wikipedia.org
Fredericton was incorporated as a city in 1848

archives.gnb.ca
1854 - Cholera
CHOLERA

We learn from Fredericton that the steamers Anna Augusta and John Waring left Saint John with a party of some 500 or 600 (principally Roman Catholics) to attend a meeting in Fredericton on matters connected with the Cathedral. When about half way up one of the passengers on the Anna Augusta was attacked with Cholera.

After considerable contention the poor fellow was brought to Fredericton but died a few hours afterwards. This is the only case of Cholera we have heard of in Fredericton. We believe the authorities there are acting with great vigilance - may their exertions be crowned with success, but we again call attention to the absolute necessity of people looking out for themselves.

We look upon filth and dirt in back yards and cellars as the greatest inducement for a visit from Cholera we have amongst us - remove these and be temperate in eating and drinking and we have no cause to fear.
Carleton Sentinel
Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada
July 29, 1854
1873
FREDERICTON, a city and port of entry of New Brunswick, capital of the province and of the co. of York, is beautifully situated on a point of land on the west side of the River St. John, GO miles in a direct line N.N.W. of St. John. Lat. 45' 55 N., Ion. 45° 31 30" W. It has five streets, nearly a mile in length, prettily lined with trees, running parallel with the river. These are crossed by about a dozen others at right angles. The public buildings comprise the Parliament Buildings, the Government House, City Hall, Court House, Exhibition Building and Rink, Barracks, and University. The Parliament Buildings are built of wood, and are situated at the lower end of the town. They contain the House of Assembly and Legislative Council rooms; the Legislative Library with over 10,000 volumes, comprising many rare and valuable books; the room in which the Supreme Court (in banc) hold their sittings, and the Law Library. The Government House, at the upper extremity of the town, is a large... Read MORE...

1880 - N.B. legislature in Fredericton destroyed by fire

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1895 - Fredericton
Fred'ericton, a city and port of entry of New Brunswick, capital of the province, and of the county of York, is finely situated on the west side of the river St. John, 60 miles N.N.W. of St. John. Lat. 45° 55' N.; lon. 66° 31' 30'. W. The public buildings comprise the Parliament buildings, the government house, city hall, court-house, exhibition building and rink, barracks, and university. Fredericton is the seat of a Church of England bishop. The cathedral, a handsome edifice, is situated at the lower end of the town. The St. John River, which is here 3 of a mile wide, is navigable to this point, 84 miles from the Bay of Fundy, for sea-going vessels of 120 tons. Small steamers ascend 65 miles farther to Woodstock, and during high water to the Grand Falls, 75 miles above Woodstock. The streets are lighted with gas. The town has one bank and a bank agency, 1 semi-weekly and 4 weekly newspapers, a reading-room, several hotels, a number of first-class stores, and manufactories of iron... Read MORE...

1898 - Fredericton
In 1898 Fredericton was a port of entry with 1 post office, numerous stores, 10 hotels, 4 sawmills, 2 planing mills, 2 shingle mills, 1 grist mill, 1 sash and door factory, 1 tannery, 6 carriage factories, 2 foundries, 1 machine shop, 1 broom factory, 1 leather factory, 1 creamery, 8 churches and a population of about 8,000: included Victoria Mills, located 3 km SE of city centre: PO Victoria Mills 1938-1962 was located at the site of Alexander Shives' mill, which was established in 1854: also included the community of Wisely, located 5 km SE of city centre: PO 1888-1909 with A. Wisely as postmaster.
archives.gnb.ca
1899 - Fredericton
...And now, gazing across the breezy waters, we catch sight of a few church -spires rising tall above the many elms surrounding them . Fredericton, the capital of the province, is at hand . The water -front is lined with beautiful elms. Most of the principal buildings of the city do not face the river, but we can, from our boat, form a general idea of their appearance and surroundings. The Normal School building is very fine ; and so is the new Parliament House, of freestone and gray granite.

Fredericton is a very ambitious city. Although one fifth as large as St. John, she longs to rival her big neighbor in commercial importance. She is the centre of the lumbering district, and is anxious to be the centre of the agricultural, fishing, and mining regions on the north shore. But as yet her latest ambitions have not been accomplished.
The World and Its People, Book IV, Our American Neighbors by Fanny E Coe, 1899, Page 34
1916
Fredericton, a city and port of entry of New Brunswick, capital of the province and of the co. of York, is finely situated on the W. side of the St. John River, 60 miles NNW. of St. John, and on the Canadian Pacific and the Canada Eastern Rs. Lat. 45° 55' N. The public buildings comprise the parliament buildings, government-house, city-hall, court-house, cathedral, etc. The St. John River, which is here J of a mile wide, is navigable to this point, 84 miles from the Bay of Fundy, for sea-going vessels of 120 tons. Small steamers ascend considerably farther. The town has important manufactories of iron castings, mill-machinery, leather, boots and shoes, wooden-ware, etc., and is the seat of the University of New Brunswick and of a military school ; it is the see of an Anglican bishop. The city was originally called St. Ann's. Pop. in 1901, 7117.
Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher
1937 - Crude Counterfeit Quarters Passed
FREDERICTON, N B Aug. 7 - Counterfeiters have been leading the Royal Canadian Mounted police a merry race with faked quarters here. The galling point, from the police view, is that the coins are poorly manufactured-not a professional job. Two pieces of metal crudely pressed together constituted the 28 cent coins reported by a Queen
street merchant, who said they were stamped with fairly accurate reproductions of genuine currency, but varied noticeably in both size and weight from the real thing.
Times-Union
Albany, New York
August 8, 1937
Fredericton
The strategic advantages of Fredericton — then known as St. Anne’s Point — were first developed in 1691 by then-governor of Acadia Joseph Robinau de Villebon. The Governor wanted to establish the capital of Acadia at the mouth of the Nashwaak River. The site provided deepwater anchorage for ships entering the region, and it could be defended more easily from the attacks of the British or New Englanders than a location closer to the Bay of Fundy.

Yet by 1698, de Villebon had abandoned Fort Nashwaak. Though secure in wartime, in times of peace the site was too isolated from the main routes of trade, commerce and communication to do well economically.

Following the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), the British took control of Nova Scotia, prompting many Acadians to again settle in the St. Anne area. However, their settlement didn’t last long: in the fall of 1758, Colonel Robert Monkton led British forces along the Saint John River, destroying the Acadian settlements in their path.

As... Read MORE...

2023 - Here's a list of places to go and things to do in and around Fredericton:
Beaverbrook Art Gallery: Start your visit with some culture at this renowned art gallery. It features an impressive collection of Canadian and international art, including works by famous artists like Salvador Dalí and Emily Carr.

Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick: Take a guided tour of the beautifully restored legislative building, known for its stunning architecture and historic significance.

Kings Landing: This living history museum is a short drive from Fredericton and offers a glimpse into life in 19th-century rural New Brunswick. Interact with costumed interpreters, explore historic buildings, and enjoy horse-drawn carriage rides.

Odell Park: A lovely urban park that's perfect for a leisurely stroll or a picnic. It's especially beautiful in the fall when the leaves change color.

Marysville Heritage Centre: Learn about the history of the nearby town of Marysville through exhibits, photographs, and artifacts.

Science East: Great for families, this science center ... Read MORE...

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Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canada

We currently have information about 19 ancestors who were born or died in Fredericton.

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Our Fredericton Gift Ideas


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Updated: 9/19/2023 7:41:05 AM