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flag  History of Russia

Journey back in time to Russia

(Soviet Union) (U.S.S.R.)

Visit Russia. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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 Russia - Moscow Porters Travels in Russia and Sweden, 1809

Christmas in Russia is most widely celebrated on January 7. This is because the Russian Orthodox Church adheres to the Julian calendar, which is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar. Preceding the Russian Orthodox Christmas, New Year's Day is on January 1 and is often considered the more important holiday.

The Russian Santa Claus is named Ded Moroz, or Father Frost. On New Year's Eve, he places presents for children under the New Year tree (as opposed to a Christmas tree). He is accompanied by Snegurochka, a snow maiden said to be his granddaughter. He carries a staff; dons a red, blue, silver, or gold coat lined with white fur; and wears valenki, traditional felt boots made of wool. Unlike Santa, Ded Moroz is tall and thin—and instead of traveling via sleigh, he gets around Russia by taking a troika, a vehicle led by three horses.

tripsavvy.com

There is MUCH more to discover about Russia. Read on!

Russia Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Moscow
Porter's Travels in Russia and Sweden, 1809
Russia

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Moscow
Porter's Travels in Russia and Sweden, 1809
Village Russe
L'Univers Pittoresque, 1838
Russia

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Village Russe
L'Univers Pittoresque, 1838
Nikolsky Gate, Moscow
Picturesque Europe : with illustrations on steel and wood by the most eminent
Russia

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Nikolsky Gate, Moscow
Picturesque Europe : with illustrations on steel and wood by the most eminent artists ([1876-1879])
Moscow, from the Kremlin
The Illustrated London News, May 1883
Russia

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Moscow, from the Kremlin
The Illustrated London News, May 1883

Russia

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Visit Moscow
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Visit Moscow
Cruising the Volga
Tours in the Soviet Union
Russia

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Cruising the Volga
Tours in the Soviet Union

Discover Russia : History, News, Travel, and Stories

Add informationAdd History/News/Story
1709 - June 27 - Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

www.onthisday.com
1714 - August 7 - The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy during the Great Northern War against Sweden

onthisday.com
1718 - June 26 - Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.

www.onthisday.com
1721 - Treaty of Nystad ended Great Northern War; Sweden ceded Estonia, Livonia, Ingria to Russia

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1725 - May 21 The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.

onthisday.com
1727 - May 7 - Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia

onthisday.com
1727 - May 29 - Peter II becomes Tsar of Russia aged 11

onthisday.com
(1735 - 1739) Russo-Turkish War fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1726 - February 8 - The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia

onthisday.com
1739 - Russo-Turkish War ended with Treaty of Nissa; Russia ceded claims on Crimea and Moldavia, its navy was barred from the Black Sea

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1745 - England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands formed alliance against Russia

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1753 - Russian women are granted the right to what’s known as a “separate economy”: the ability to earn their own income and retain it for her own use, independent of her husband.

https://www.theguardian.com/money/us-money-blog/2014/aug/11/women-rights-money-timeline-history
(1756 - 1763) Seven Years War - France, Great Britain clashed in Europe and North America; France, Russia, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Spain sided against Britain, Prussia and Hanover

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1762 - Treaty of Saint Petersburg ended Russian participation in Seven Years War. Csar Peter III overthrown by Imperial Guard, replaced by his wife, Catherine II.

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1796 - Catherine II died, son Paul I took over the throne

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1800 - Population of Russia (Russian Empire) - 21,248,000

1802 - Paul I assassinated by nobles, his son Alexander I became czar

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1825 - Alexander I died, succeeded by Nicholas I

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1855 - Nicholas I died, son Alexander II became csar

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1861 - Alexander II issued Emancipation Edict ending serfdom. Rapid industrialization led to growth of working middle class, revolutionary ideas.

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1867 - United States bought Alaska from Russia

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1868 - Russia sends 14,000 criminals to Siberia every year.

St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
September 5, 1868
1870 - Two hundred and sixty girls are employed in the Government telegraph offices in Russia.

St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
June 4, 1870
1881 - Alexander II was assassinated, succeeded by son Alexander III

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1884 - Alexander III commissioned jeweler Carl Gustavovich Faberge to make Easter egg for the Empress

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1891 - Severe famine affected nearly half of Russia's provinces, over 500,000 died

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1894 - Alexander III died, succeeded by son Nicholas II

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1895 - Russia
"Russia, formerly called Muscovy, mus'ko-ve, is the largest state in the world, comprising the whole of the N. of Europe and Asia, between lat. 38° 20' and 78° N., lon. 17° 40' and 190° E. Surface estimated to comprise one-twenty-sixth of the superficies of the globe, one-seventh of its land, and more than double the extent of Europe, the total area being (as shown in the table) 8,352,940 square miles; coast-line, 25,000 miles. It is but thinly peopled. Pop. (1870) 87,795,987. Capital, St. Petersburg. It is usual to treat of the empire as divided into European and Asiatic Russia, although these divisions are not officially recognized..."
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
1897 - Russian Social Democratic Labor Party established by the Marxists

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1900 - Population of Russian Empire (includes Finland and Poland) - 136,305,900
Population of Russian Empire (excludes Finland and Poland) - 119,546,234
1901 - Socialist-Revolutionary Party founded

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1903 - At second congress of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, party split into two factions: Mensheviks and Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm
1905 - October 16 – Russian Revolution of 1905: The Russian army opens fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn, killing 94 and injuring over 200.

wikipedia.org
October 16, 1905
Christmas was banned as a religious holiday under the reign of the Soviet Union in 1929, and as a result New Year’s Day was made into the bigger celebration; if people wanted to celebrate Christmas, they had to do so in secret.

worldholidaytraditions.com
1949 - The Soviet Union successfully detonates an atomic weapon

1957 - October 4 - USSR launches Sputnik 1 - Space race begins
Russian People Tickled Pink at Success of Their Sputnik

MOSCOW (AP) - The Russian people are tickled pink that their scientists have grabbed the lead from the Americans in the satellite field. But they're not surprised about their Sputnik - Russian for earth satellite.

The Russian people believe Soviet science leads the world. They do not see Western newspaper and magazines, and know little of scientific development outside the Communist world.

Amid the jubilant newspaper and radio accounts of the first man-made moon circling the earth the Soviet government newspaper Izvestia and several leading scientists announced the next targets in the satellite program.

Soon, they said, will come bigger satellites than the 184-pound sphere now aloft.

In time (the Russians didn't say when) a satellite will be sent up which can be brought back to earth intact and will not burn up when it re-enters denser atmosphere as the Sputnik will.

AND THEN, the statements added, the Russians ... Read MORE...

1963 - December 24 - Grandfather Frost
Russian children believe in Grandfather Frost. They think he is a neighbor to Santa Claus at the North Pole who comes in a horse-drawn troika sleigh with presents for children.
The Morning Record
Meriden, Connecticut
December 24, 1963
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, people were free to celebrate Christmas again, but to this day it still remains the smaller, quieter holiday following the big New Year’s celebrations.

worldholidaytraditions.com
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as President of the Soviet Union; Effective legal dissolution of the U.S.S.R.

2023 - Russia is a vast and diverse country with a rich history and culture. There are plenty of places to visit and things to do across this vast nation. Here's a list to get you started:
Moscow:

Red Square and the Kremlin: Start your journey in Moscow at the iconic Red Square. Explore the historic Kremlin complex, visit St. Basil's Cathedral, and see Lenin's Mausoleum.

Bolshoi Theatre: Enjoy a ballet or opera performance at the renowned Bolshoi Theatre, known for its world-class productions.

Tretyakov Gallery: Explore Russian art and culture at the Tretyakov Gallery, home to an extensive collection of Russian masterpieces.

GUM Department Store: Shop for luxury goods and traditional Russian products in this historic shopping arcade.

Izmailovsky Market: Hunt for unique souvenirs, crafts, and antiques in this bustling market.

Sparrow Hills: Take in panoramic views of Moscow from Sparrow Hills and visit the Moscow State University campus.

Moscow Metro: Explore the ornate and beautifully decorated metro stations, often referred to as "underground palaces."

St. Petersburg:

Hermitage Museum: Discover art and history at the Hermitage, one of the... Read MORE...

Russian Names
A full Russian name consists of personal (given) name, patronymic, and family name (surname).

Most Russian family names originated from patronymics, that is, father's name usually formed by adding the adjective suffix -ov(a) or -ev(a). Contemporary patronymics, however, have a substantive suffix -ich for masculine and the adjective suffix -na for feminine.

For example, the proverbial triad of most common Russian surnames follows:

Ivanov (son of Ivan),
Petrov (son of Peter),
Sidorov (son of Sidor).
Feminine forms of these surnames have the ending -a:

Ivanova (daughter of Ivan),
Petrova (daughter of Peter),
Sidorova (daughter of Sidor).
Such a pattern of name formation is not unique to Russia or even to the Eastern and Southern Slavs in general; quite common are also names derived from professions, places of origin, and personal characteristics, with various suffixes (e.g. -in(a) and -sky (-skaya)).

Professions:

kuznets (smith) → Kuznetsov—Kuznetsova
portnoi... Read MORE...

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Updated: 12/15/2023 3:21:16 PM