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HELP! immigrant flag male ancestor  Toussaint  HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS

  (b. abt. 1628 France   d. 13 September 1690 Montréal, Canada, New France )  

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Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS was born abt. 1628 in France. Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS was the child of ?   and   ?

Toussaint was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1654.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Toussaint  married  Marie LORGUEIL-ARCOUET 23 November 1654 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 10 children. Marie LORGUEIL-ARCOUET  was born abt. 1636 in France.  Marie died 29 November 1700 in Varennes, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Anne-de-Varennes). 

Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS died 13 September 1690 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Son of Nicolas Hunault dit Deschamps and Marie Benoist from St-Pierre es Champs, Picardie, France.


"Toussaint was murdered by Gabriel Dumont, Baron De Blaignac,
Lieutenant of a company of marines. Dumont ran him through with a sword and fled after the attack."

Visit ~fjl1935/ biotoussaint.html for an excellent biography.

Details of the family tree of Toussaint appear below.

Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? An older French Canadian man may kiss the hand of a woman. Accept this gesture graciously. A foreign man shouldn't kiss the hand of a French Canadian woman, who would be quite shocked.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Spouse(s) / Partner(s) and Child(ren) of Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS


Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS married Ancestor is complete!immigrant Fille a Marier flag female ancestor Marie LORGUEIL-ARCOUET-- Date: 23 November 1654 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) (Mormon Genealogy Records).

Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Toussaint Hunault and Marie Lorguiel

Toussaint Hunault dit Deschamps (1628-1690) originated in St.-Pierre-es-Champs, on the border of Normandy and Ile-de-France. He arrived at Ville-Marie [Montreal], having engaged with la grande recrue de 1653, organized by le sieur de la Dauversiere, departing from La Fleche, and requested by the Governor of Montreal, Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve. A notarized contract of service exists, witnessed by Monsieur Olier. It may be said that this group of pioneers saved Montreal and New France... There were 102 men and 14 women who embarked from St. Nazaire, on June 20, 1653, on the ship St. Nicolas, to Quebec and then to Montreal. Some others, especially the women, departed from La Rochelle.

One of the passengers was a 15-year old girl, Marie Lorgueil (1638-1700), who originated from the village of Cognac in Charente, rather distant from La Fleche but near La Rochelle. As the patronym, "Lorgueil," did not exist in France at that time, it is supposed that it was a nickname, and her true name and birth certificate are still being actively researched. A trail is provided by the names which were given by her priest and confessor at Pointe-aux-Trembles in the records of her children: "Arcueil et..." We are put on the trail of Arcouet, a very frequent patronym in Charentes. A soldier by the name of Jean-Baptiste Arcouet, of the Carignan-Salt Box Regiment, a native of Marennes in Charente, "abjures the alleged reformed religion," and was hospitalized at l'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec in 1666.

We assume that Marie Lorgueil and Toussaint Hunault did not know one another before the departure, but they were married in the church of Ville-Marie on November 23, 1654. Governor Maisonneuve attended the ceremony. One can follow their trail through the religious and notarial archives because Toussaint made numerous land transactions which often required loans. They raised a family of seven children, who all married. Then, on a fateful day in 1690, a Naval lieutenant, Michel Dumont de Blaignac, son of a notable in Paris, killed Toussaint with a blow from his sword and escaped. Toussaint's widow, heavily in debt, had to give her right of recourse to a creditor, the merchant Charles de Couagne, who allowed her the family land "to the bottom of the island." This land of 2 arpents, out of 20, appears in the books of the Sulpiciens and the map of Vachon de Belmont of 1702, "from la Coulee St.-Jean to Bas-de-l'Isle", under the name Hunault. Five fields further to the east is found the small Fort Gervaise of Pointe-aux-Trembles, and the land (if not the inn) of Testard dit Folleville and ... Anne Papineau LaMarque, who originated in Bordeaux, a noble young lady sent by the King, according to the files of the convent of the Ursulines of Quebec, where she was a student from February to October 1663. (No known connection with Samuel Papineau).

Marie Lorgueil died near there, at L'Ile Ste-Therese, and was buried at Varennes, on November 29, 1700. images/ Captured%20by%20the%20Iroquois.htm


Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Thérèse-Thecle HUNAULT (b.23 September 1655, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 12 March 1674, Montréal, Canada, New France )
m. Thomas CHARTRAN (CHARTRAND) 29 January 1669 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)

flag male ancestor Andre HUNAULT (b.3 August 1657, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 6 July 1707, Varennes, Canada, New France )
m. Marguerite LANGLOIS 11 November 1686 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles)

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Jeanne HUNAULT (b.2 November 1658, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 5 September 1748, Rivière-des-Prairies, Montréal, Canada, New France )
m. Adrien QUEVILLON (COUVILLON) 2 February 1672 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
m. Jacques COURVAL bef. 1698
m. Pierre TAILLEFER 7 May 1699 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)

flag male ancestor Pierre HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS (b.22 November 1660, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. abt. 1727, Montréal, Canada, New France )
m. Catherine BEAUCHAMP 4 December 1686 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles)

Ancestor is complete!flag female ancestor Marie-Thérèse HUNAULT (b.12 February 1663, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 17 August 1689, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )
m. Guillaume LECLERC 24 November 1676 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)

flag boy ancestor Mathurin HUNAULT (b.27 December 1664, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 25 June 1671, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag female ancestor Françoise HUNEAULT (b.5 December 1667, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 1 May 1748, Lachenaie, Canada, New France )
m. Nicolas JOLY 9 December 1681 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
m. Gilles-Jean CHARPENTIER 22 April 1691 in Rivière-des-Prairies, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rivière-des-Prairies)*

flag baby boy ancestor Toussaint HUNAULT (b.1 May 1671, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 23 April 1673, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag male ancestor Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS (b.25 August 1673, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 22 October 1748, Montréal, Canada, New France )
m. Étiennette PAQUET (PASQUIER) 2 July 1691 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
m. Elisabeth BAUDREAU (BEAUDREAU) 24 May 1717 in Rivière-des-Prairies, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rivière-des-Prairies)*
m. Marie-Françoise AUGER 30 September 1727 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)

flag male ancestor Charles HUNAULT (b.25 July 1676, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 30 May 1695, Montréal, Canada, New France )

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Exploring the Ancestry of Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS: Events, Pictures, and Documents

marriage1654 Marriage / Partner
Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS and Marie LORGUEIL-ARCOUET 23 November 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1655 Birth of Child
Thérèse-Thecle HUNAULT was born 23 September 1655, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1657 Birth of Child
Andre HUNAULT was born 3 August 1657, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1658 Birth of Child
Jeanne HUNAULT was born 2 November 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1660 Birth of Child
Pierre HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS was born 22 November 1660, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1663 Birth of Child
Marie-Thérèse HUNAULT was born 12 February 1663, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1664 Birth of Child
Mathurin HUNAULT was born 27 December 1664, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1666 Montreal
Toussaint henault - 38 habitant

Marie lorgueil - 28 sa femme

therese henault - 11 fille

André henault - 8 fils

Jeanne henault - 7 fille

pierre henault - 5 fils

Marie henault - 3 fille

Et Mathurin henault - 1 fils
The first census of New France (1666)
1667 Census - Montreal, Quebec
Toussaint Hunault, habitant, 42 years
Marie Lorgueuil, 28 years
Thecle Hunault, 11 years
Andre Hunault, 10 years
Jeanne Hunault, 8 years
Pierre Hunault, 5 years
Marie Therese Hunault, 3 years
Mathurin Hunault, 2 years

All I Want for Christmas is More Ancestors!
Ceramic Mug 11oz
1667 Birth of Child
Françoise HUNEAULT was born 5 December 1667, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1671 Birth of Child
Toussaint HUNAULT was born 1 May 1671, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1671 Death of Child
Mathurin HUNAULT died 25 June 1671, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1673 Death of Child
Toussaint HUNAULT died 23 April 1673, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1673 Birth of Child
Toussaint HUNAULT (HUNEAULT) dit DESCHAMPS was born 25 August 1673, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1674 Death of Child
Thérèse-Thecle HUNAULT died 12 March 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1676 Birth of Child
Charles HUNAULT was born 25 July 1676, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
1681 Census - Montreal, Quebec
Toussaint Hunault, habitant, 56 years
Marie Lorgueuil, 45 years
Pierre Hunault, 19 years
Francoise Hunault, 13 years
Toussaint Hunault, 9 years
Charles Hunault, 4 years

They had 19 arpents of land under cultivation, 4 head of cattle and 4 guns.
1681 Census - New France
1689 Death of Child
Marie-Thérèse HUNAULT died 17 August 1689, Lachenaie, Québec, Canada (Saint-Charles-de-Lachenaie)
death1690 Death
13 September 1690
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Sault-au-Récollet) (Côte-St-Michel) (Côte-St-Paul)
Added: - Updated: 11/24/2021 12:05:13 AM
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