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immigrant flag male ancestor  Julien  PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE

  (b. 20 May 1639 France   d. bef. 7 January 1681 Chambly, Canada, New France )  

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PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE Genealogy

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Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE was born 20 May 1639 in France. Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE was the child of ?   and   ?

Julien was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1670.

Marriage(s) and Child(ren):

He married  Jeanne BARBIER 3 November 1670 in Chambly, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Jeanne BARBIER  was born abt. 1649 in France.  She died abt. 1689 in Québec Province, Canada (Quebec). 

Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE died bef. 7 January 1681 in Chambly, Canada, New France .

Occupation: Habitant et laboureur



son of Rene Plumereau and Jacqueline Deslandes


Details of the family tree of Julien appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? A common belief in old Quebec was that lutins [spirits] had the power to bring woe upon the people. ...Read MORE...



The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 5, No. 19, Oct. - Dec., 1892, Lutins in the Province of Quebec
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
  • 1639 Birth
    20 May 1639
    , France
  • Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE
    pinterest
    Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life... Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church. Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
    Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia
  • 1670 Marriage / Partner
    Julien PLUMEREAU dit LATREILLE and Jeanne BARBIER 3 November 1670, Chambly, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-Chambly)
  • 1673 Birth of Child
    Marguerite-Nicole PLUMEREAU was born 23 April 1673 , Chambly, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-Chambly)


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Added: 4/1/2015 3:47:38 PM - Updated: 6/19/2015 8:04:25 AM

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