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HELP! immigrant flag male ancestor  Michel  LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER

  (b. 13 March 1631 St-Pierre, Chênehutte, Maine-et-Loire, France   d. 5 November 1684 Lotbinière, Canada, New France )  

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LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER Family Genealogy

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Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER was born 13 March 1631 in St-Pierre, Chênehutte, Maine-et-Loire, France. Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER was the child of ?   and   ?

Michel was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1653.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Michel  married  Marie-Michelle DUTOST (DUTAUT) (DUTEAU) 15 June 1659 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Marie-Michelle DUTOST (DUTAUT) (DUTEAU)  was born 21 August 1639 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France.  Marie-Michelle died 30 November 1675 in Lotbinière, Québec, Canada (Saint-Louis).  Marie-Michelle was the child of Pierre DUTEAU and Jeanne PERRIN.

Michel  married  (2) Michelle OUINVILLE 12 April 1677 in Champlain, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Michelle OUINVILLE  was born abt. 1647 in France.  Michelle died 20 November 1700 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City). 

Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER died 5 November 1684 in Lotbinière, Canada, New France .

Occupation: eel fisherman, habitant

Details of the family tree of Michel appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? The inhabitants of Quebec do not only canoe in the summer, but also in the winter. Originally, ice...Read MORE...
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Habitant Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram; McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
  • 1631 Birth
    13 March 1631
    St-Pierre, Chênehutte, Maine-et-Loire, France
  • 1653 Left France for New France
    'Michel Lemay left his country for Canada in 1653.'

  • Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER
    Les Vieilles Familles D'Yamachiche, Vingt-Trois Genealogies, F. L. Desaulniers, Montreal, 1908
  • Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER
    Les Vieilles Familles D'Yamachiche, Vingt-Trois Genealogies, F. L. Desaulniers, Montreal, 1908
  • Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER
    page 120
    Title Bulletin des recherches historiques, Volumes 13-15
    Authors Québec (Province) Archives, Société des études historiques (Québec)
    Publisher A. Roy, 1907
    Original from the University of Michigan
    Digitized Mar 8, 2006

  • 1659
    'On 16 June 1659, Michel Lemay married Marie Dutaut (Duteau) at La Magdeleine, near Trois-Rivieres. Father Rene Menard, S. J., blessed the union. Marie was born at LaRochelle in 1640 and her story is worth telling: It is described by Gabriel Debien in these words, 'On 16 April 1658 Jeanne Perrin, wife of Pierre Dutaut, a porter of LaRochelle, and with his permission, indentured herself for 5 years at 50 livres per year, to Jacques de la Poterie...Read MORE...

  • 1659 Marriage / Partner
    Michel LEMAY dit LE POUDRIER and Marie-Michelle DUTOST (DUTAUT) (DUTEAU) 15 June 1659, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
  • 1665 Birth of Child
    Ignace LEMAY was born 24 November 1665 , Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)

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Added: - Updated: 12/4/2021 8:03:19 PM

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