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HELP! immigrant flag male ancestor  Pierre  GAREMAN dit LEPICARD

  (b. abt. 1604 Bagneux, Picardie, France   d. 10 June 1653 Cap-Rouge, Canada, New France )  
Cause of Death: killed by Iroquois

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GAREMAN dit LEPICARD Family Genealogy

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Pierre GAREMAN dit LEPICARD was born abt. 1604 in Bagneux, Picardie, France. Pierre GAREMAN dit LEPICARD was the child of ?   and   ?

Pierre was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1639.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Pierre  married  Marie-Madeleine CHARLOT 23 September 1626 in Soissons, Picardie, France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Marie-Madeleine CHARLOT  was born abt. 1608 in Bagneux, Picardie, France.  Marie-Madeleine died 29 January 1652 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City). 

Pierre GAREMAN dit LEPICARD died 10 June 1653 in Cap-Rouge, Canada, New France .

Occupation: habitant

Details of the family tree of Pierre appear below.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know?Québec Généalogie - Did you know? During the 17thcentury, Irish inhabitants of France were sent to Quebec to help populate the area....Read MORE...
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Québec from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Pierre GAREMAN dit LEPICARD was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Habitant Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram; McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
  • Pierre Gareman
    From mirobert/ DUBEAU%20anc.pdf (loosely translated to English)

    Pierre Gareman dit LePicard

    Gareman Pierre, a native of Bagneux, in the borough Soissons in Picardy. He married to 1628, in Bagneux, Madeleine Charlot, also a native of Bayeux, in Picardy.

    The couple is in New France with two of their children before the birth of a third in 1639 in Quebec City.

    The eldest, Florence Gareman, born around 1629,...

  • 1626 Marriage / Partner
    Pierre GAREMAN dit LEPICARD and Marie-Madeleine CHARLOT 23 September 1626, Soissons, Picardie, France
  • 1639 Birth of Child
    Marguerite GAREMAN was born 10 December 1639, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1643 Birth of Child
    Charles GAREMAN was born 27 March 1643, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
  • 1652 Death of Spouse/Partner
    Marie-Madeleine CHARLOT died 29 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
  • 1653 Death
    10 June 1653
    Cap-Rouge, Québec, Canada (Saint-Félix-du-Cap-Rouge)

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Added: - Updated: 12/4/2021 6:12:14 PM

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