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Pierre CAILLA (CAILLE) (CAILLEAU) (CAYA) - Pierre Caya

From newsletter-issue-3.html

"The Caya family started in the New World with the arrival of Pierre Cailleau in the year 1647 in Trois-Riviere, in what was at the time known as New France, later to be named the Province of Quebec, at the time of the formation of the nation we have come to know as Canada.

Pierre most probably traveled to the New World with a group of men know as Les 100 associ's. This was a company formed in France in 1627 by Armand de Richelieu and a group of merchants and aristocrats. They formed an arrangement with the king of France which gave them the exclusive right to trade furs and other goods with the Old World. In exchange for the monopoly this agreement gave them, they were to settle and open the new lands. They were obliged to bring in 300 new settlers per year until 1663 when an accounting of the success of their efforts would be made. The formal name of this company was The New France Company. Young men such as our Pierre would commit themselves for a period of three years as payment for their passage to the Mew World.

It is believed that Pierre's parents died during the crossing or soon after arrival. There are no records of Thomas and Florence in New France. Pierre was only 16 years old at the time of his arrival. In 1649, soon after Pierre became the legal age of 18, he was given a land grant by the Jesuits.

In 1663, King Louis XVI asked for a census of the settlers in New France. He found that the 100 Associates had not met the quota required which was that they should bring 300 new settlers each year. The King dissolved the company and installed a Counseil Souverain or Sovereign Counsel as the ruling body. In doing this the King of France made New France an official colony.

One of the reasons the young men of the company were leaving and returning to France was the lack of marriageable women. The king, in an effort to keep his new settlers happy, sent many young women to New France to found families. These young women were called Les Fille du Roi or the Kings Daughters. They were said to be young, healthy, attractive, of good moral character and educated. Each came with a minimum of a fifty pound dowry. In short these were very desirable girls. One of these girls was Olive Landry. She came to New France to marry a Pierre Poupeau. Unfortunately, (for Pierre Poupeau), he died on the trip over or shortly after arrival. Olive was now free to marry someone of her choice. Olive must have been a good catch. She came with a huge dowry of 400 pounds. It is not clear if Olive had actually married Pierre or had just made a contract to marry, but it would appear that she inherited his property.

It seems our Pierre Cailleau was among those wanting to return to the Old World. He was facing a court action to recover (or keep) the money he made after selling his land and waiting for a ship to take him home. It was then that he met is future wife. He married Olive Landry February 19, 1664. It would appear that our young ancestors lived rather well. There is census data which indicates that they had a house and a cow and 1000 pounds cash as well as real-estate holdings."

Learn more about the life of immigrant flag male ancestor  Pierre CAILLA (CAILLE) (CAILLEAU) (CAYA).

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