Canterbury, England - 1895 - Canterbury
Canterbury, kan'ter-ber-e (anc. Durover'num or Dar ver"num; afterwards called Cantua'ria), a city, borough, and county of itself, in England, within the co, of Kent, on the Stour, 53 miles E.S.E. of London, at the junction of several railways. Lat., 51° 16' 48" N.; lon. 1° 4' 31" E. It is situated in a rich vale, and has four main streets, branching from a centre at right angles. Its cathedral, erected in the twelfth and two following centuries, on the site of the first Christian church built in Saxon England, is in the form of a double cross, with a central and two western towers, and presents a magnificent union of almost every style of Christian architecture. The choir is the largest and one of the finest in the kingdom, and the pavement of the chapel of the Holy Trinity is worn into hollows by the knees of the innumerable pilgrims who here worshipped at the shrine of Thomas à Becket. Among other interesting tombs here is that of the Black Prince. A fine chapter-house and a valuable library are attached to the cathedral, under which is a spacious crypt, used as a French Protestant church since the reign of Elizabeth. It has a grammar-school, founded by Henry VIII., for 50 scholars, numerous other endowed schools, a hospital for poor brethren, Jesus Hospital, founded in 1595, another hospital, an infirmary, an ancient guild hall, an exchange, large barracks, a theatre, and philosophical institution, with a library and museum. A fine ancient gateway, and some remains of St. Augustine's Abbey, of a Norman castle, and of the old Chequers Inn, immortalized by Chaucer, may be specified as objects of interest. In the vicinity are woollen-mills; but the chief business is the ex port of agricultural produce, especially of hops and of brawn: Canterbury was formerly noted for its silk-manufactures and for its damask linen. It sends two members to the House of Commons. Pop. in 1891, 22,607...
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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