Dutchess County, New York, USA - 1854 - Dutchess county
Dutchess, a county in the E. S. E. part of New York, has an area of about 816 square miles. It is bounded on the E. by the State of Connecticut, and on the W. by the Hudson river. It is drained by Wappinger's creek, Fishkill river, and other smaller streams, which turn numerous mills. The surface is uneven, and in the eastern and western parts hilly. The soil is generally fertile and under good cultivation, although a large portion is better adapted to grazing than grain. Indian corn, oats, potatoes, and grass are the staples. In 1850 this county produced 782,605 bushels of corn, (the greatest quantity produced by any county in the state;) 1,006,117 of oats, (also the greatest yield of any county in the state;) 885,941 of potatoes; 97,832 tons of hay, and 1,760.086 pounds of butter. There were 69 flour mills, 6 furnaces, 6 iron foundries, 11 cotton and 9 woollen factories. It contained 124 churches and 6 newspaper offices ; 13,433 pupils attending public schools, and 987 attending academies and other schools. Limestone is abundant, and iron and lead ore, marble, and slate are found. The Hudson river is navigable for ships along the entire western border. The Harlem railroad and the Hudson River railroad traverse the county. Capital, Poughkeepsie. Population, 58,992.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ... Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) Joseph Thomas January 1, 1854 Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.
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