, North Carolina, USA - 1895 - North Carolina
North Carolina, kār-o-li'na, a southern Atlantic state of the American Union, of which it was one of the original thirteen members, bounded N. by Virginia, E. and S.E. by the Atlantic, S. by South Carolina and Georgia, and W. by Tennessee. It lies between 33° 53' and 36° 33' N. lat. and 75°25' and 84° 30' W. lon. Its greatest length, E. and W., is 490 miles; extreme breadth, 185 miles; area, 52,250 square miles...
History.-In 1585 and 1586 Raleigh planted colonies upon Roanoke Island, but the first permanent settlements were made by Virginians near the northern border. In 1663 the province of Carolina was granted by Charles II. The philosopher Locke devised for it a fantastical form of government, with an aristocracy of landgraves and caciques, and for twenty-five years this form of government was to some extent maintained. This part of Carolina was then called Albemarle. Some of the Indian tribes (Corees, Tus caroras, Nottoways, &c., principally of Iroquois stock) attacked the colonists, but in 1712 the greater part were subdued, and the Tuscaroras at once went northward and joined the Five (thenceforward Six) Nations in the New York province. In 1729 North Carolina became a separate royal province. The colony took an early and very strong stand for popular rights, and it is probable that the Mecklenburg Declaration of 1775 was the first assertion of the right of colonial independence. During the war of the Revolution the majority of the people bore their full share of suffering and service in the cause of liberty, but there was a large and active loyalist faction, who carried on a vexatious partisan warfare. The action at Guilford Court House was the most important which took place within the state. In 1861 a state convention, called by an extra session of the legislature in spite of a previous popular vote against the measure, passed an ordinance of secession. The North Carolina troops were distinguished for their valor in the contest which ensued. The most important battles fought in this state during that war were at Roanoke Island, New-Berne, Fort Fisher, Averysborough, and Bentonville. After the war the peace of the state was at one time much disturbed by gangs of armed desperadoes and robbers, who lived in the swamps, and whose haunts were finally broken up by the military. The prosperity of the state has been seriously affected by the unwise financial measures already referred to. In 1889 there was an exodus of negroes who considered themselves oppressed by existing laws and the general attitude of the white population.
The Population in 1790 was 393,751; in 1800, 4$1,103, in 1810, 555,500; in 1820, 638,829; in 1830, 737,987; in 1840, 753,419; in 1850, 869,039; in 1860,992,622, of whom 629,942 were white, 331,059 were slaves, and 30,463 were free colored; in 1870, 1,071,361; in 1880, 1,399,750, of whom 867,242 were white; in 1890, 1,617,947. The people were originally of English stock, with large subsequent additions of Scotch-Irish and Highland-Scotch elements. Presidents Jackson, Polk, and Johnson were natives of this state, and all three were of the Scotch-Irish stock.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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