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, Maine, USA - 1895 - Maine


Maine, mān, one of the New England states, and the northeasternmost state of the American Union, bounded N. by the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, E. by New Brunswick, S. by the Atlantic Ocean, and W. by New Hampshire and the province of Quebec. Its N.W. boundary follows for some distance the crest of a range of low mountains, a parallel outlier of the Canadian Notre Dame range. Leaving this crest, the line follows the S.W. branch of the river St. John for some distance northeast ward, and then takes a direct N.E. course to the outlet of Lake Pohenagamook. Thence eastward the rivers St. Francis and St. John bound the state on the N. The eastern boundary ascends the river St. Croix to its source, and thence strikes directly N. until the river St. John is reached. The coast of Maine (218 miles long in a right line) is in dented deeply by many bays and inlets, which increase its actual coast-line to 2500 miles and afford unrivalled harbor-facilities for shipping; and off the coast there are numerous islands belonging to the state. Area, 33,040 square miles, of which the land-surface is 29,895 square miles, and the water-surface 3145 square miles. The state is about equal in area to all the other New England states combined...

The Population of Maine is chiefly of New England stock, most of its original settlers having gone there from Massachusetts and New Hampshire after the war of independence (1775–83); but of late there has been a large immigration from the British provinces, mainly of French speaking people, while the populous settlements of Acadian French in the extreme N.E. date from 1755. Pop. in 1790, 96,340; in 1800, 151,719, in 1810,228,705; in 1826,298,335: in 1830, 399,455; in 1840, 501,793; in 1850, 583,169; in 1860, 628,279; in 1870,626,915; in 1880,648,936; in 1890, 661,086.

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott

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