Rensselaer, New York, USA - 1854 - Rensselaer
Rensselaer, a county in the E. part of New York, has an area of about 630 square miles. It is bounded on the W. by the Hudson, and is drained by the Hoosick and Kinderhook rivers, with several smaller streams, which turn numerous grist and saw mills. The surface is generally hilly and broken, and in the E. part mountainous, often thickly covered with pine and other timber. In its numerous valleys, which are sometimes very extensive, the soil is generally of excellent quality. Indian corn, oats, potatoes, and grass are the staples. In 1850 this county produced 469,877 bushels of corn ; 762,734 of oats; 602,595 of potatoes, (the greatest quantity raised in any county in the state ;) 84,642 tons of hay, and 1,336,281 pounds of butter. There were 30 flour and grist mills, 5 breweries, 6 paper mills, 13 cotton and 8 woollen factories, 2 nail factories, 8 iron foundries, 1 carpet factory. 6 stove and furnace foundries, and 12 brush manufactories. It contained 63 churches and 8 news paper offices ; 13,166 pupils attending public schools, and 2529 attending academies or other schools. Iron ore, roof slate, and Ep som salts are found, but they are not very abundant. Public Works: Hudson River railroad, Albany Northern, Troy and Boston, Troy and Greenbush, and Western railroads. Organized in 1791, and named in honor of the Van Rensselaer family. Capital, Troy. Population, 73,363.
Rensselaer, a village of Sand Lake town ship, Rensselaer co., New York, 12 miles E. by S. from Albany. It has 3 churches.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ... Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.) Joseph Thomas January 1, 1854 Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.
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