, Luxembourg - 1895 - Luxembourg
Luxemburg, GRAND DUCHY of, a territory belonging to the Dutch monarch, and formerly a state of the Ger man Confederation, bounded N. and E. by Rhenish Prussia, S. by France, and W. by Belgium. Area, 1592 square miles. It forms part of the plateau of the Ardennes, and has a rugged and mountainous surface, covered in many parts with heaths and morasses, though in general well wooded. Its drainage belongs almost entirely to the basin of the Moselle. Luxemburg was first governed by counts. In 1354 it was erected into a duchy by Charles IV, and in 1443 came by marriage to Philip of Burgundy, and through him to the house of Spain. By the peace of the Pyrenees, in 1659, part of it was ceded to the French, and took the name of French Luxemburg; but in 1714 it all merged in the house of Austria. In 1814 it was converted into a grand duchy and given to the King of the Netherlands, who possessed it till 1830, when, in consequence of the revolution, part of it became a Belgian province, the remainder continuing with the Dutch king as grand duke; but it forms no part of the kingdom of the Netherlands. It still retains its connection with the German Zollverein. Nearly all its people are German-speaking Catholics. The neutrality of the country in war is guaranteed by the great powers. Capital, Luxemburg. Pop. in 1880, 209,570; in 1890, 211,088.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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