Memphis, Tennessee, USA - 1895 - Memphis
Memphis, a city and port of entry of Shelby co., Tennessee, is beautifully situated on the Mississippi River, just below the mouth of Wolf River, and on the 4th Chickasaw Bluff, 420 miles below St. Louis, 209 miles W.S.W. of Nashville, and 826 miles above New Orleans. Lat. 35° 8' N.; lon. 90°5' W. It is the most populous and important town on the river between St. Louis and New Orleans, and occupies the only eligible site for a commercial depot from the mouth of the Ohio to Vicksburg, a distance of 650 miles. The bluff on which it stands is elevated about 60 feet above high-water mark, and its base is washed by the river for a distance of 3 miles, while a bed of sandstone projects into the stream and forms a convenient landing. The city contains many churches, both white and colored, 5 academies, a public library, a number of national and other banks, a chamber of commerce, about 60 public free schools, a cotton exchange, a custom-house, a large hospital, a Roman Catholic college, and printing-offices which issue 6 daily and 14 weekly newspapers and several monthly periodicals. Memphis is a centre at which meet ten railroads,—the Illinois Central, the Kansas City. Fort Scott & Memphis, the Kan sas City, Memphis & Birmingham, the Little Rock & Memphis, the Louisville & Nashville, the Louisville, New Orleans & Texas, the Memphis & Charleston, the Newport News & Mississippi Valley, the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern, and the Tennessee Midland. The river is deep enough to float the largest ship of war from this place to its mouth, and the navigation is open in all seasons of the year. This city is one of the leading cotton marts of the country, and ships annually more than 500,000 bales. Its large manufactures are carried on in many establishments,"—foundries, machine-shops, oil-mills, lumber-mills, planing-mills, &c. here are the Pioneer Cotton-Mills, with more than 6000 spindles and consuming over 1,000,000 pounds annually. According to the census of 1890, the aggregate capital employed in industries reported for Memphis was $7,985,888, and the value of products $11,800,455. In foundries and machine-shops $1,308,750 was employed, and in the cot ton-seed oil and cake industry, $1,511,632. In each of these industries the value of products exceeded $1,000,000. Pop. in 1850, 8841; in 1860, 22,023; in 1870, 40,226; in 1880, 33,592; in 1890. 64,495.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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