Salem, Massachusetts, USA - 1895 - Salem
Salem, a city, port of entry, and one of the capitals of Essex co., Mass., is pleasantly situated on a peninsula formed by two inlets of the sea, called North and South Rivers, of which the former separates it from Beverly, 14 miles N. by E. of Boston, with which it communicates by the Eastern Railroad. It is also connected by branch rail roads with Marblehead, Lawrence, Lowell, Haverhill, and Wakefield. It has a good harbor. The town had formerly an extensive trade with India, China, Africa, and South America; but at present the foreign trade is small, although - the coasting-trade is extensive, the reception of coal for distribution by rail being a leading interest. The principal manufactures are of cotton goods, white lead, lead pipe, castings, leather, boots and shoes, &c. The city has an almshouse, a hospital, an orphanage, 20 churches, a high school, a state normal school for girls, a city hall, a court house, a reformatory, a custom-house, an East India marine society with a museum, a marine hall, the Peabody Academy of Sciences, the Salem Athenaeum, and the Essex Institute (the last two occupying a fine building called Plummer Hall). The town has many fine old mansions dating from the colonial period and the times of its mercantile supremacy. It is closely connected with the neigh boring towns of Beverly, Peabody, Danvers, Marblehead, and Lynn by electric railroad. Pop., in 1890, 30,801. Salem was founded in 1628 by John Endicott, and in 1692 the famous "Salem witchcraft" delusion broke out, during which 20 persons were here executed as witches on what is called Gallows Hill.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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