Rouen, France - 1906
Ronen, a oity of France, capital of the department of Seine-Inferieure, on the right bank of the Seine, 84 miles NW. of Paris and 56 miles ESE. of Havre. Lat. 49° 26' N. ; Lon. 1° 6' E. On the site of its former fortifications there are now fine shady avenues. The old crooked and picturesque streets, with their quaintly gabled and carved timbered houses, have given way in large part to broad, handsome boulevards in the style of those of Paris, but the city has retained many fine specimens of mediaeval architecture. Foremost among the many imposing edifices is the cathedral, one of the finest Gothic structures in Franoe, erected in the thirteenth century. It is a cruciform pile surmounted by three beautiful towers, and has a richly decorated W. facade, handsome portals, magnificent rose windows, and numerous chapels, among them the Lady Chapel, containing many splendid monuments. Henry II. of England lies buried here and here was also entombed the heart of Riohard Coeur-de-Lion. Rivalling the cathedral in beauty and size is the exquisite Gothic church of St. Ouen. Among other important ecclesiastical structures are the church of St. Maclou, in the flamboyant Gothic style of the fifteenth century, with a fine W. portal ; the church of St. Vincent, with superb stained glass ; the church of St. Patrice, also with splendid stained glass ; the church of St. Godard; and the restored Romanesque church of St. Gervais, with a crypt dating from the fourth century. The most striking secular edifices are the late Gothic Palais de Justice, built for the parlement of Normandy, with profuse decorations ; the H6tel de Ville, containing a public library and picture gallery ; the archiepiscopal residence ; the fine Hotel Bourgtheroulde, now used as a bank, dating from the fifteenth century ; the belfry (or Tour de la Grosse Horloge) ; and a museum containing rich collections. The city possesses one of the most valuable libraries in France with about 140,000 volumes.. An old convent houses the museum of antiquities and the museum of natural history. There is a school of medicine and pharmacy affiliated with the university of Caen. The principal public places of Rouen are the Place de l'Hotel de Ville and the Place du Vioux-Marche, where Joan of Arc was burned and which contains a beautiful monument erected to her. Along the Seine for a mile and a half stretch fine quays, rivalling those of Paris. The city is connected by a hand some stone bridge and by a suspension bridge with the suburb of Saint-Sever, on the opposite bank of the river. The Seine has here been artificially deepened and a spacious port has been constructed. Rouen is one of the chief seats of the textile industry in France. The prinoipal branches of the industry carried on here are cotton-spinning and the manufacture of a variety of cotton stuffs called rouenneries. Silks are also extensively manufactured. There are chemical - and soap-works, machine-shops, iron-foundries, oil- and sugar-refineries, etc. There is an active trade.
Rouen grew into importance under the Romans. It was the capital of the duchy of Normandy. Philip Augustus took it from King John of England in 1204, but it was again held by the English for about thirty years during the first half of the fifteenth century. Pop. in 1901, 115,480 (commune, 116,316).
Lippincott's New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns ... in Every Portion of the Globe Publisher J.B. Lippincott Company, 1906
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