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Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
1873



VANCOUVER or QUADRA AND VANCOUVER, an island off the W. coast of the Dominion of Canada, province of British Columbia. Lat. 48° 19' to 50 53 N.. Ion. 123° 1 7 to 128 28' W. Length from N.W. to S E. 278 miles; breadth varying from 50 to 65 miles. Total area 15,037 square miles (about half the size of Ireland). On the E. and N.E. it is separated from British Columbia by the Gulf of Georgia and Queen Charlotte's Sound, and on the S. from that of the United States by the Strait of San Juan-de-Fuca; on the N. and W. it lies open to the North Pacific This Island was discovered by Juan de Fuca, a Greek, in 1592. Captain Cook coasted along the western shore in 1778, and supposed it to form part of the mainland. The first British settlement was made at Nootka Sound in 1778, by some London merchants. Spain, however, bid claim to the west coast of America, south of 60°, and her cruisers seized the British trading vessels. To resent this a large fleet was assembled at Spithead but war was avoided by the concession of Spain. In 1792 the island was visited by Vancouver, a lieutenant in the British Navy, who minutely surveyed the whole coast line, and so accurately, that his charts are in use to the present day. Up to the discussion of the Ore-gon boundary question it attracted little attention, when, by the treaty of 1846, it was vested in Great Britain. In 1849 it was granted to the Hudson's Bay Company for the purposes of colonization, but their control ceased in 1859, when the island became a British Colony, under a complete form of government. In 1866 the Island and the mainland were united under the name of British Columbia, and so continued until I he 20th of July, 1871, at which date that large and beautiful colony became one of the provinces of the Dominion of Canada. Vancouver Island is noted for its rich coal mines, its magnificent harbors, its valuable free stone quarries, its delightful climate, and its forests of fine timber. Gold has also been found but in small quantity. Victoria, at the S.E. extremity of the Island, is the capital of British Columbia.

Lovell's gazetteer of British North America; J. Lovell; Montreal, 1873

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Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada