Barrington, Rhode Island, USA (West Barrington) - 1819 - Barrington
Barrington, a small agricultural post township, is situated in the northern section of the county, 7 miles from Providence; bounded on the northwest and northeast by the State of Massachusetts, on the southeast by Warren, and on the southwest by the Narragansett river. The average length of the township may be about 3 miles, with a mean breadth of nearly the same, comprising an area of about 8 square miles. The surface is generally level, and the soil a light, but fertile sandy loam; well adapted to a grain culture; rye, Indian corn and barley being cultivated with success. Sea weed is used extensively as a manure, and has been of great utility in enriching the land. The agricultural interests are considerably flourishing, and the various objects of husbandry constitute the principal occupation of the inhabitants.
The town is well watered by an inlet of the Warren, & by Palmer's river, an its southwestern borders are washed by the waters of the Narragansett. There is a convenient toll bridge, connecting this town with Warren. The waters of the Narragansett afford a plentiful supply of fin and shell fish for home consumption.
The manufacturing and mechanical industry of the town is inconsiderable; some attention, however, is paid to the manufacture of salt; there being one establishment that manufactures 1200 bushels annually.
The population of Barrington, in 1810, was 604; and there are nearly 100 dwelling houses, one religious Society and Church, two public Schools, one company of Militia, 70 or 80 Electors, and two Mercantile Stores.
In the eastern part of this town, there is a cove of considerable extent; which, from the remains of timber, is supposed to have been a pine and cedar forest, and to have been burnt by the Indians at an ancient period, long before the first settlement of this country. The adjoining waters having broken over their usual barriers, this tract became immersed, and now is covered with water of considerable depth. Cedar and pine timber are obtained from the bottom of the cove, for fencing and fuel.
This town sends two representatives to the General Assembly.
Barrington originally belonged to the State of Massachusetts, and was attached to the State of Rhode Island in 1746, and was incorporated as a town in 1771.
A Gazetteer of the States of Connecticut and Rhode-Island: Written with Care and Impartiality, from Original and Authentic Materials : Consisting of Two Parts ... : with an Accurate and Improved Map of Each State
Authors John Chauncey Pease, John Milton Niles
Publisher W.S. Marsh, 1819
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