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What is the history of Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA?

People, Pictures, Old Postcards and Stories From the Past

Explore Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures and genealogy.
Lawrence, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

"Lawrence, a city, one of the capitals of Essex co., Mass., on both sides of the Merrimac River, and on several divisions of the Boston & Maine Railroad, 26 miles N. by W. of Boston, and 10 miles N.E. of Lowell. It contains a city hall, a court-house, 31 churches, a high school which cost $80,000, a public library, a theatre, 6 national banks, 3 savings-banks, a masonic temple, large reservoirs for water-supply, a jail, a city prison, public and Catholic hospitals, a Catholic protectory, a convent, and a house of Augustinians. Three daily, 6 weekly, and 3 Sunday newspapers are published here. Near the middle of the city is a public park of 17 acres. The river, which is here nearly 1000 feet wide, falls 28 feet in the course of half a mile, affording immense water-power, which is employed in cotton-mills and other factories. In 1845–47 the Essex Company constructed a solid granite dam, 900 feet long and 40 feet high, across the river, which, in its natural condition, flowed over a bed of rocks. A canal 14 miles long and 90 feet wide conducts the water from the dam to the different mills, and on the S. side of the river there is a similar but shorter canal. Here are the Atlantic Cotton Mills, with a capital of $1,000,000 and 2100 looms, employing 1000 operatives; the Pacific Mills (capital, $2,500,000), which employ about 5600 operatives, and manufacture cotton and worsted goods; the Arlington Mills (capital, $2,000,000), employing 3000 hands on worsteds and cot tons; the Washington Mills '' $2,000,000), employing about 2500 operatives; and the Everett Mills, for cotton and woollen goods, with a capital of $800,000. Lawrence has also large paper-mills, and manufactures of steam engines, boilers, railway-cars, machinery, hardware, carriages, sewing-machines, clothing, hats, belting, &c. The buildings of the Pacific Company are of colossal dimensions and present an imposing appearance: Their principal building is 800 feet long and 6 stories high. They manufacture mousseline-de-laine, calico, shirting, lawn, and alpaca. The Washington Mills produce broadcloth, doe skin, cambric, shawls, and flannel. The assessed value of property for 1892 was $32,527,937. Four bridges cross the river at this place, and the various parts of the city are connected by an electric railway which extends to Methuen, North Andover, and Andover. The city is lighted with and electricity. Lawrence was incorporated as a town in 1847, and as a city in 1853. Pop: in 1860, 17,639; in 1870, 28,921; in 1880, 39,151; in 1890, 44,654."

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ...
Joseph Thomas
January 1, 1895
J.B. Lippincott


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Old Photos, Pictures, Advertisements and Postcards from Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA


Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA
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500,000 Ladies are using The Rushforth Hair Curling Pins
The Rushforth Pin Co., Lawrence, Mass.

The Ladies' Home Journal
November 1898

Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA
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Y. W. C. A.

Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA
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St. Mary's Church

Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA
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Bay State Building and Lawrence St., looking North (1916)
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History and News of Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA

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  • News  1860 - January 10 - The Pemberton Mill in Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA, collapses, killing 146 workers.
    The collapse of Pemberton Mill has been deemed the worst industrial accident in Massachusetts history and one of the worst industrial disasters in... Read MORE...

  • News  1868 - A lady in Lawrence, Mass., suddenly awoke in the night with the impression that her little girl was in danger.
    Feeling her way in the dark to the child's crib, directed by a strong impulse, she put her finger into the little sleeper's mouth, and to her... Read MORE...

  • News  1868 - Lawrence (Mass.) factory hands have a free reading-room, and 8,000 volumes in their library.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    November 28, 1868
  • News  1869 - A large six-horse wagon containing thirteen persons, returning on the night of the 30th ult. from a festival at Pelham to Lawrence, Mass., upset and severely injured five of the passengers, two it was feared fatally.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    January 9, 1869
  • News  1870 - In Lawrence, Mass,. a few days since, some one threw a torpedo into the mouth of a little girl as she was returning from school, and the torpedo exploded and lacerated her tongue and mouth severely.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    July 16, 1870
  • News  1870 - In 1849 Lawrence, Mass. had only 100 inhabitants. This year the census says 28,829. Lowell has about 42,000.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    September 10, 1870
  • News  1878 - Twenty-three milk dealers in Lawrence, Mass., have petitioned for the appointment of a milk inspector.
    They have found themselves undersold by rival dealers, and say it cannot be done with profit unless the milk is watered.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    February 9, 1878
  • News  1888 - On the 24th John Roche and Patrick Cavanaugh, while at work on the chimney of the new Pacific mills at Lawrence, Mass., fell 120 feet with the elevator. Neither was killed but both are seriously injured.
    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    December 1, 1888
  • Lawrence Massachusetts, 1890
    LAWRENCE is one of our splendid industrial cities, which has sprung up, as if by magic, at the bidding of the mechanical, the liberal and... Read MORE...

  • News  1890 - Tornado
    A Number of Lives Lost, Many Persons Killed and Injured and Hundreds of Houses Razed to the Ground - The Victims.

    LAWRENCE, Mass., July 27. - A... Read MORE...

  • News  1912 - January 11 - Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
    1912-01-29 - Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
    historyorb.com
    January 11, 1912
  • News  1913 - 11 BOYS DROWN IN RUSH TO SWIM
    Forty Lads Plunge Into River When Walk Collapses
    ALL FIGHT HARD FOR LIFE

    A Narrow Wooden Walk, Leading Over Fifteen Feet of Water to Municipal... Read MORE...

  • 1916
    Lawrence, a city, one of the capitals of Essex CO., Mass., on both sides of the Merrimac River and on several divisions of the Boston and Maine R.,... Read MORE...

Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA Genealogy

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Updated: 5/15/2019 7:23:54 AM

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