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What is the history of Buffalo, New York, USA?

People, Pictures, Old Postcards and Stories From the Past

Explore Buffalo, New York, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures and genealogy.
Buffalo, Erie, New York, USA

"Buffalo, a city, port of entry, and seat of justice of Erie co., N.Y., is situated at the eastern extremity of Lake Erie, in lat. 42°53' N., lon. 78° 55' W., being 352 miles W. of Albany by the Erie Canal (300 miles by the New York Central Railroad), 460 miles N.W. of New York by the New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad, 22 miles S.S.E. of Niagara Falls, 182 miles N.E. of Cleveland by the Lake Shore and Nickel Plate Railroads (203 miles by water), and 290 miles E. by N. of Detroit by the Michigan Central. It has railway connections with Goderich on Lake Huron, 159 miles distant, with Detroit and Sarnia, and with Toronto and Montreal, all via the Grand Trunk Rail way. Other railroads terminating there are the West Shore, the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg, the Western New York & Pennsylvania, and the branches of the Reading System.

The city has a water front of about 5 miles, being about 21 miles on the lake and 2 1/ 2 miles on the Niagara River. The site on the lake front gradually rises, and at the distance of about 2 miles becomes an extended undulating plain 50 feet above the water-level of the harbor, A portion of the river front is a bold bluff 60 feet above the water level of the river and of the Erie Canal, which passes near it. The more elevated portion of the site affords fine views of the city, the Niagara River, the Canada shore, the lake and Bay, and the hilly country to the S.E. Buffalo, especially the W. side residence portion, is handsomely built. Its streets are broad and straight, and for the most part intersect one another at right angles. Main street, extending about 6 miles, Niagara street 5 miles, and Delaware avenue 3 miles, are particularly worthy of mention. At the point where the waters of the lake merge in the Niagara River, Buffalo Creek enters the lake from the E. and the Erie Canal from the N.W., being nearly parallel in their passage through the city and harbor. The streets in the more elevated portions of the city are bordered with a profusion of shade-trees, and the more important avenues have many fine residences. Over 100 miles of asphalt pavement adds much to elegance and comfort. Shade-trees also adorn the public squares and small parks, of which there are 15.
Favorably located for business, and with many advantages as a place of residence, Buffalo shows a ratio of increase in population far above the average of that of cities in the eastern and older portion of the United States, taking rank as the eleventh in population in the census of 1890...

Buffalo, originally laid out by the Holland Company in 1801, became in 1812 a military post. It was burnt in December, 1813, when of the 200 houses composing the village all but two were destroyed by the British and Indians. By act of Congress $80,000 was voted to compensate the sufferers for the loss sustained. In April, 1832, it was incorporated as a city, and in 1852 the charter was amended so as to include Black Rock. The act of the legislature was ratified by the people in 1853, and on the first day of January, 1854, it went into operation. Pop, in 1810, 1508; in 1820,2095; in 1830,8653; in 1840, 18,213; in 1850, 42,251; in 1860,85,500; in 1870, 117,714; in 1880, 155,134; in 1890,254,457; and in 1892 (state census), 278,796."

Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ...
Joseph Thomas
January 1, 1895
J.B. Lippincott

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  • 1789 - Buffalo, New York founded

    www.wikipedia.org

  • In 1800, Buffalo, New York, was a town of four log cabins.

    www.wikipedia.org

  • 1813 - Decmber 29 - British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812

    historyorb.com

  • 1841 - August 9 - Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die

    historyorb.com

  • News 1844 - October 19 - The famous "Lower Great Lakes Storm" occurred. Southwesterly winds were at hurricane force for five hours, driving lake waters into downtown Buffalo NY. The storm drowned 200 persons.

    WeatherForYou.com
    October 19, 1844

  • News 1850 - TREMENDOUS FIRE ! - OVER $100,000 OF PROPERTY DESTROYED !
    From the Buffalo Daily Courier.

    It becomes out painful duty to record the most disastrous conflagration, which has ever visited our city. The Ameri...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Erie Canal Basin and Elevator, Buffalo

    Picturesque America: Or, the Land We Live In. A Delineation by Pen and Pencil of the Mountains, Rivers, Lakes... With Illustr. on Steel and Wood, by Eminent American Artists, Volume 1
    William C.... Read MORE...

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Main Street, Buffalo, From St Paul's Church

    Picturesque America: Or, the Land We Live In. A Delineation by Pen and Pencil of the Mountains, Rivers, Lakes... With Illustr. on Steel and Wood, by Eminent American Artists, Volume 1
    William C.... Read MORE...

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Grain-Propeller, Buffalo

    Picturesque America: Or, the Land We Live In. A Delineation by Pen and Pencil of the Mountains, Rivers, Lakes... With Illustr. on Steel and Wood, by Eminent American Artists, Volume 1
    William C. Bryant
    Appleton, 1872

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    City of Buffalo

    Picturesque America: Or, the Land We Live In. A Delineation by Pen and Pencil of the Mountains, Rivers, Lakes... With Illustr. on Steel and Wood, by Eminent American Artists, Volume 1
    William C. Bryant
    Appleton, 1872
  • News 1871 - Christopher Columbus was badly defeated for Councilman at the Buffalo election. Such is fame.

    St Joseph Herald
    Saint Joseph, Michigan
    January 7, 1871

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Main Street, Buffalo, From St. Paul's Church
    Picturesque America... Oliver Bell Bunce, William Cullen Bryant
    New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1872-1874.
  • 1880 - Ice Cream Sundae
    1880: Buffalo, NY; Evanston, IL; Two Rivers, WI; and Ithaca, NY all claim to have invented the ice cream sundae. Wherever it happened, it first starte...Read MORE...


  • News 1889 - BUFFALO'S CALAMITY. The Heart of the City Swept by Fire, and a Loss of $2,500,000 Incurred -
    Forty Buildings, Including Two Hotels Burned - A Fireman Killed by Falling Walls - Seventeen Other Persons Hurt.

    BUFFALO, N. Y., Feb. 4 - The great...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    1890s
    New Process Soap
    Gowans & Stover
    Buffalo, N.Y.
  • News 1891 - A BIG BLAZE IN BUFFALO. WARNER BROTHERS' NEW BUILDING LAID IN ASHES.
    THE LOSS ON BUILDING AND STOCK IN FOUR STORES ABOUT $300,000, FULLY INSURED - TWO FIREMEN TAKEN FROM THE RUINS DEAD.

    BUFFALO, N. Y., Jan. 23. - Th...Read MORE...


  • News 1893 - HEAVY FIRE IN BUFFALO. FIRE EARLY THIS MORNING DESTROYS PROPERTY VALUED AT $750,000.
    Buffalo, Dec. 14 - Fire this morning destroyed the Arcade building on Main street, including ROBINSON Musee, SHEAS music hall and several stores, incl...Read MORE...


  • News 1896 - BUILDING COLLAPSED. A NUMBER OF PEOPLE KILLED AT BUFFALO, N.Y. ALMOST CRIMINAL CARELESSNESS.
    THE OLD STRUCTURE WAS PROPPED UP FOR REPAIRS, WHEN THE PROPS SUDDENLY GAVE WAY AND A SCORE OR MORE PEOPLE WERE CAUGHT IN THE TRAP.

    NAMES OF THE VIC...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    T. C. Tanke
    Cor. Main and Eagle Streets
    Buffalo, N.Y.

    Ladies' Home Journal
    November 1898
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Elk Street Market
  • 1901 - McKinley Assassinated
    President William McKinley is assassinated in Buffalo.
    Location: Inside the Temple of Music on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo,...Read MORE...


  • 1901 - Pan-American Exposition (Buffalo)
    The Pan-American Exposition was a World's Fair held in Buffalo, New York, United States, from May 1 through November 2, 1901. The fair occupied 350 ac...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Temple of Music, Buffalo, N.Y. Where Pres. McKinley was Shot (1901)
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Wilcox Residence, Buffalo, N.Y. where President Roosevelt took the oath of office, Sept. 14th, 1901
  • On July 17, 1902, Willis Haviland Carrier designed the first modern air-conditioning system. (Buffalo, NY)

    www.carrier.com

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    City Hall, 1907
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Ellicott Square Building, 1907
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    North Street Looking West From Delaware Ave., Lenox Hotel, Buffalo, N.Y., 1907
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Old Home Week, 1907
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Delaware Ave. Residences, 1908
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Elmwood Avenue Bridge and Albright Art Gallery
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Albright Art Gallery
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Allen Street, looking toward Days Park
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Chamber of Commerce and Bank of Buffalo, 1910
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Historical Building, Delaware Park
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Lafayette Hotel
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Lafayette Square, 1910
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    The Larkin Factories, Buffalo, N.Y.
    Over Fifty Acres of Floor Space. Visitors Welcome.

    The Larkin Company are the World's Largest Manufacturers of Soaps and Toilet Preparations and are important Food Specialists. The entire output of the Larkin... Read MORE...

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Outer Light House and Breakwall
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Marine Nat'l Bank Bldg., 1910
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Bird's-eye View of the H. A. Meldrum Company's Department Stores
    460-470 Main Street, Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Bear Pits, Park Zoo
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    The Telephone Building
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    William Street, showing Siegrist & Fraley Department Store
  • News 1911 - $250,000 FIRE IN BUFFALO FACTORY. FIREMEN BATTERED AND BURNED IN FIGHTING TO AVERT BIG EXPLOSION. TWO WOMEN RESCUED.
    THICK SMOKE OVERCOMES DWELLERS IN ADJACENT HOUSE, WHO ARE CARRIED TO SAFETY - SCORE OF FIREMEN BLOWN ACROSS STREET - FLAMES KEPT FROM TURPENTINE.

    S...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Morning Roll Call at Fort Porter, 1911
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Edward Street Grammar School No. 46
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Shelton Square, Intersection of Main, Erie, Church and Niagara Streets
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Elk Street Market
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Main Street Looking North
  • News 1913 - Six Men Injured in $100,000 Fire at Buffalo Hotel
    Buffalo, Sept. 17.- Fire which broke out in the plant of Dirnberger Popcorn company, No. 135 Seneca street this morning spread to the Hotel Broezel an...Read MORE...


  • 1916
    Buffalo, a city, port of entry, and seat of justice of Erie co., N.Y., is situated at the eastern extremity of Lake Erie, in lat. 42° 53' N., Lon. 78°...Read MORE...


  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Shopping District, Main St.
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    School 56
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Main Street from Shelton Sq., Buffalo, N.Y. (1918)
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Academy of Science
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Central Terminal
  • 1922 - March 14 - WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions

    historyorb.com

  • 1927 - August 4 - The Peace Bridge between the U.S. and Canada opens. The 3,580 foot long bridge is located near Buffalo, New York, and crosses the Niagara River.

    http://www.independentsentinel.com/

  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    St. Paul's Episcopal Cathedral and Shelton Square, Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    New Federal Court House, Niagara Square, Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Hotel Touraine
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Peace Bridge across Niagara River, Connecting Canada and Buffalo, N.Y.
  • Buffalo, New York, USA
    Kleinhan's Music Hall, 1944
  • 1945 - December 14-17 - A record December snowstorm buried Buffalo, NY, under 36.6 inches of snow, with unofficial totals south of the city ranging up to 70 inches. Travel was brought to a halt by the storm.

    The Weather Channel

  • News 1967 - June 27 - Race riot in Buffalo NY (200 arrested)

    historyorb.com
    June 27, 1967



Buffalo, New York, USA Genealogy

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Updated: 7/8/2019 12:10:15 PM

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